U+5DE5, 工
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5DE5

[U+5DE4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5DE6]
See also: [U+30A8 KATAKANA LETTER E] and Appendix:Variations of "i"

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 48 +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 一中一 (MLM), four-corner 10100)

  1. Kangxi radical #48, (work).

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 325, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8714
  • Dae Jaweon: page 626, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 410, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+5DE5

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
         
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kroːŋ, *ɡroːŋ
*kluːmʔ, *koːŋ
*kluːmʔ
*ŋr'oːŋ, *kʰroːŋ, *kʰoːŋ
*kroːŋ
*kroːŋ, *qʰroːŋ
*kroːŋ
*kroːŋ
*kroːŋ
*kroːŋ
*kroːŋ, *koːŋ, *kuːŋ
*kroːŋ
*kroːŋ, *koːŋ
*kroːŋs, *koːŋs, *ɡoːŋ
*kʰroːŋ
*kʰroːŋ, *kʰoːŋ
*kʰroːŋ
*kʰroːŋ, *kʰoːŋs
*kʰroːŋ, *kʰoːŋ
*kʰroːŋ, *kʰoːŋ, *kʰoːŋs
*kʰroːŋ, *kʰoŋ, *ɡoŋ
*qʰroːŋ
*qʰroːŋ, *qʰoːŋ
*qʰroːŋ
*ɡroːŋ
*ɡroːŋʔ
*ɡ·roːŋ
*koːŋ
*koːŋ
*koːŋ
*koːŋ, *qʰoːŋ, *ɡoːŋ
*koːŋ, *kuːŋ
*koːŋ
*koːŋ
*koːŋs
*koːŋs
*kʰoːŋ, *kʰoːŋs
*kʰoːŋ
*kʰoːŋ
*kʰoːŋ
*kʰoːŋ
*kʰoːŋ, *kʰoːŋʔ, *kʰoːŋs
*kʰoːŋs
*qʰoːŋ
*qʰoːŋʔ
*ɡoːŋ
*ɡoːŋ
*ɡoːŋ
*ɡoːŋ
*ɡoːŋ
*ɡoːŋ, *ɡoːŋʔ
*ɡoːŋʔ
*ɡoːŋʔ
*koŋʔ
*koŋʔ
*kʰoŋ, *qʰoŋ
*kʰoŋʔ, *kʰoŋs
*ɡoŋ
*ɡoŋ
*ɡoŋ
*ɡoŋ

Pictogram (象形) – a bladed tool.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • gĕ̤ng - vernacular;
  • gŭng - literary.
Note:
  • kang, khang - vernacular;
  • kong - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (1)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kuŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəwŋ/
Li
Rong
/kuŋ/
Wang
Li
/kuŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gōng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gōng gōng
Middle
Chinese
‹ kuwng › ‹ kuwng ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˤoŋ/ /*kˤoŋ/
English officer work

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4022
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*koːŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. labour; work
      ―  gōngzuò  ―  work
  2. worker; laborer
      ―  gōngrén  ―  worker, laborer
    陶瓷  ―  táocígōng  ―  potter
  3. industry; profession; trade

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. work, craft, art, skill
  2. workman, artisan

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

  • 陶工 (とうこう, tōkō)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gong)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: kong, Yale: kwong)
  • Name (hangeul): 장인, 로동, 노동 (revised: jang'in, rodong, nodong, McCune-Reischauer: chang'in, rotong, notong, Yale: cang.in, lwotwong, nwotwong)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(công, cong, côông, gồng, trong, cung)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.