U+819C, 膜
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-819C

[U+819B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+819D]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 130, +10, 14 strokes, cangjie input 月廿日大 (BTAK), four-corner 74234, composition)

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 993, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29808
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1444, character 28
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2100, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+819C

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. #
alternative forms 𦟦

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *maː, *maːɡ): semantic + phonetic (OC *maːɡ).

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • bo̍k - literary;
  • mo̍͘h/bo̍h/mo͘h - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (4)
Final () (103)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mɑk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/mɑk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/mɑk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/mak̚/
Li
Rong
/mɑk̚/
Wang
Li
/mɑk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mɑk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 9253
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*maːɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

 
Wikipedia has articles on:
  1. membrane; film
    細胞 / 细胞  ―  xìbāo  ―  cell membrane
    保鮮 / 保鲜  ―  bǎoxiān  ―  plastic wrap
    /   ―  dùlǚ  ―  aluminum-coated polyester film
  2. (physics) brane
  3. small gap
  4. to placate
  5. Alternative form of ().

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Clipping of 南膜 (MC nʌm muo), which is from Sanskrit नमस् (namas, bow; obeisance; salutation). Compare 南無.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (4)
Final () (23)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/muo/
Pan
Wuyun
/muo/
Shao
Rongfen
/mo/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/mɔ/
Li
Rong
/mo/
Wang
Li
/mu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/muo/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 9245
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*maː/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to prostrate

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. membrane; film

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (MC mɑk̚). Recorded as Middle Korean 막〮 (Yale: mak) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 꺼풀 (kkeopul mak))

  1. Hanja form? of (membrane; film).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: màng,

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.