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U+819C, 膜
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-819C

[U+819B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+819D]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 130 +11, 14 strokes, cangjie input 月廿日大 (BTAK), four-corner 74234, composition)

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 993, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29808
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1444, character 28
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2100, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+819C

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*mraː
*mraːɡs
*maːl
*maː
*maː, *maːɡ
*maː
*maː
*maː, *maːɡ
*maː
*maːɡs
*maːɡs
*maːɡs
*maːɡs
*maːɡs
*maːɡ
*maːɡ
*maːɡ
*maːɡ
*maːɡ
*maːɡ
*maːɡ
*maːɡ
*maːɡ, *mraːɡ
*maːɡ
*mraːɡ
*mraːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *maː, *maːɡ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *maːɡ).

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • bo̍k - literary;
  • mo̍͘h/bo̍h/mo͘h - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (4)
Final () (103)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mɑk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/mɑk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/mɑk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/mak̚/
Li
Rong
/mɑk̚/
Wang
Li
/mɑk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mɑk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 9253
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*maːɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. membrane; film
    細胞 / 细胞  ―  xìbāo  ―  cell membrane
    保鮮 / 保鲜  ―  bǎoxiān  ―  plastic wrap
    /   ―  dùlǚ  ―  aluminum-coated polyester film
  2. (physics) brane
  3. small gap
  4. to placate
  5. Alternative form of ().

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Clipping of of 南膜 (MC nʌm muo), which is from Sanskrit नमस् (namas, bow; obeisance; salutation). Compare 南無.

PronunciationEdit


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (4)
Final () (23)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/muo/
Pan
Wuyun
/muo/
Shao
Rongfen
/mo/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/mɔ/
Li
Rong
/mo/
Wang
Li
/mu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/muo/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 9245
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*maː/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Short for 膜拜 (móbài, “to prostrate oneself in worship”).

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(mak, mo) (hangeul , , revised mak, mo, McCune-Reischauer mak, mo, Yale mak, mo)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(màng, )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.