See also: 观音

Chinese edit

observing sound(s)
cry(/ies)
trad. (觀音)
simp. (观音)
 
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The statue of "Guanyin of the South China Sea" on Putuoshan Island off Zhejiang, China. Chinese Buddhism credits the location as her first appearance in China.

Etymology edit

“[One who] Observes Sounds”, in reference to the prayers and cries of sentient beings who need help, a Calque of Sanskrit अवलोकितस्वर (avalokitasvara, literally down-observe-sound), the original form of अवलोकितेश्वर (avalokiteśvara, Avalokiteśvara), the bodhisattva who embodies the compassion of all Buddhas.

Synonymous with 觀世音观世音 (Guānshìyīn, “One who Observes the Sounds of the World”), which interpreted the middle element of the Sanskrit compound as लोक (loka, world). The shorter form became more common during the Tang dynasty to avoid naming the taboo personal name of Emperor Taizong of Tang, 李世民.

Compare Tibetan སྤྱན་རས་གཟིགས (spyan ras gzigs, literally one who looks down with an unwavering eye).

Pronunciation edit


Note:
  • guêng1 im1 - Chaohzou;
  • guang1 im1 - Jieyang.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 1/1
    Initial () (28) (34)
    Final () (62) (140)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed Open
    Division () I III
    Fanqie
    Baxter kwan 'im
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kuɑn/ /ʔˠiɪm/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʷɑn/ /ʔᵚim/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kuɑn/ /ʔiem/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kwan/ /ʔjim/
    Li
    Rong
    /kuɑn/ /ʔjəm/
    Wang
    Li
    /kuɑn/ /ĭĕm/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kuɑn/ /ʔi̯əm/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    guān yīn
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    gun1 jam1

    Proper noun edit

    觀音

    1. (~菩薩) (Buddhism) Guanyin
    2. (, formerly ) Guanyin (a district of Taoyuan, Taiwan, formerly a rural township)
    3. () Guanyin (a town in Yunxi, Shiyan, Hubei, China)

    Usage notes edit

    Although Avalokiteśvara was reckoned a male figure and Guanyin was first depicted as a male in Chinese art, she is now almost always understood to be and referenced as a goddess or female boddhisattva.

    Synonyms edit

    Derived terms edit

    Descendants edit

    Sino-Xenic (觀音):

    Others:

    Japanese edit

    Kanji in this term
    かん
    Hyōgaiji
    おん > のん
    Grade: 1

    Proper noun edit

    (かん)(のん) (Kannon

    1. Kyūjitai form of 観音

    Korean edit

    Hanja in this term

    Proper noun edit

    觀音 (Gwaneum or McCune-Reischauer: Kwanŭm or Yale: Kwan.um) (hangeul 관음)

    1. Hanja form? of 관음 (Guanyin).

    Vietnamese edit

    chữ Hán Nôm in this term

    Proper noun edit

    觀音

    1. chữ Hán form of Quan Âm (Guanyin).