See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
丸-bw.png

Han characterEdit

(radical 3 +2, 3 strokes, cangjie input 大弓戈 (KNI), four-corner 50017, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 80, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 94
  • Dae Jaweon: page 162, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 42, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+4E38

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
丸-bigseal.svg 丸-seal.svg



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
  • Pictogram (象形) – a hand holding an object.

Simplified from in some characters, such as .

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /uan³⁵/
Harbin /uan²⁴/
Tianjin /van⁴⁵/
Jinan /vã⁴²/
Qingdao /vã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /uan⁴²/
Xi'an /uã²⁴/
Xining /uã²⁴/
Yinchuan /van⁵³/
Lanzhou /vɛ̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /van⁵¹/
Wuhan /uan²¹³/ 藥~子
/yɛn²¹³/ 肉~子
Chengdu /uan³¹/
Guiyang /uan²¹/
Kunming /uã̠³¹/
Nanjing /uaŋ²⁴/
Hefei /ʊ̃⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /væ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /uɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /væ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɦuø²³/
Suzhou /ɦuø¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦuõ²¹³/
Wenzhou /jy³¹/
Hui Shexian /uɛ⁴⁴/
Tunxi /uːən⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /yẽ¹³/
Xiangtan /yẽ¹²/
Gan Nanchang /yɵn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /ian¹¹/
Taoyuan /ʒen¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jyn³⁵/
Nanning /yn²¹/
Hong Kong /jyn³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /uan³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /uoŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /yiŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ĩ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zuaŋ³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (62)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦuɑn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷɑn/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣuɑn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦwan/
Li
Rong
/ɣuɑn/
Wang
Li
/ɣuɑn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣuɑn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
huán
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
wán wán
Middle
Chinese
‹ hwan › ‹ hwan ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷˤar/ /*ɦʷˤar (< *[ɢ]ʷˤar)/
English pellet; ball 烏丸 Wūhuán: Avars (W. Hàn)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12608
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡʷaːn/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. small round object
  2. pellet; pill
  3. (TCM) pill
  4. Classifier for pills of Chinese medicine.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. ball; circular thing such as a bullet or pill
  2. counter word for pills
  3. being circular
  4. make a thing circular
  5. a whole thing

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • New Nelson: 34
  • Halpern: 3417
  • Halpern Learners: 2134
  • Heisig: 44
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 0a3.28
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

Related termsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana まる, romaji maru)

  1. circle
  2. (colloquial) 半濁点, a semi-voicing mark

Alternative formsEdit

Derived termsEdit

PrefixEdit

‎(hiragana まる, romaji maru-)

  1. whole, complete

Derived termsEdit

SuffixEdit

‎(hiragana まる, romaji -maru)

  1. suffix for ship names

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(hwan)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: hwan, McCune-Reischauer: hwan)
  • Name (hangeul): 둥글 (revised: dunggeul, McCune-Reischauer: tunggǔl)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hoàn, hòn, giúp, xắp, xóp)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReferencesEdit

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