See also: and
U+9AEE, 髮
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9AEE

[U+9AED]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9AEF]

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 190, +5, 15 strokes, cangjie input 尸竹戈大水 (SHIKE) or 尸竹戈大大 (SHIKK), four-corner 72447, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1453, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 45400
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1984, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4521, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+9AEE

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. *
alternative forms 𩑛

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *pod): + .

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-pu. Alternatively, it may be derived from (OC *pad, “to sprout”) (Schuessler, 2007).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • bṳĕ - vernacular;
  • huă - literary.
  • Min Dong
  • Note:
    • huók - vernacular;
    • huák - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • huag4 - Shantou;
    • huêg4 - Chaozhou.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /fa⁵¹/
    Harbin /fa²¹³/
    Tianjin /fɑ¹³/
    Jinan /fa²¹³/
    Qingdao /fa⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /fa²⁴/
    Xi'an /fa²¹/
    Xining /fa⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /fa¹³/
    Lanzhou /fa¹³/
    Ürümqi /fa²¹³/
    Wuhan /fa²¹³/
    Chengdu /fa³¹/
    Guiyang /fa²¹/
    Kunming /fa̠³¹/
    Nanjing /fɑʔ⁵/
    Hefei /fɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /faʔ²/
    Pingyao /xuʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /faʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /faʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /faʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /fɑʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /ho²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /faʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /fuːə⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /fa²⁴/
    Xiangtan /ɸɒ²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /faʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /fat̚¹/
    Taoyuan /fɑt̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /fat̚³/
    Nanning /fat̚³³/
    Hong Kong /fat̚³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /huat̚³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huɔʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /puɛ²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /huak̚²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /fak̚⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (1)
    Final () (68)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /pʉɐt̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /pʷiɐt̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /piuɐt̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /puat̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /piuɐt̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /pĭwɐt̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /pi̯wɐt̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    fa
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ pjot ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pot/
    English root; hair (of head)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 151
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pod/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (anatomy) hair
      /   ―  tóufa  ―  hair
    2. (figurative) grass and trees (on a mountain); vegetation
    3. A surname​.

    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    KanjiEdit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. hair (specifically on one's head; does not indicate body hair)

    ReadingsEdit

    • Go-on: ほち (hochi)
    • Kan-on: はつ (hatsu)
    • Kun: かみ (kami, )

    KoreanEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Middle Chinese (MC pʉɐt̚).

    Recorded as Middle Korean 버ᇙ〮* (Yale: pelq) in Dongguk Jeongun (東國正韻 / 동국정운), 1448.

    Recorded as Middle Korean 발〮 (Yale: pal) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    HanjaEdit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 터럭 (teoreok bal))

    1. Hanja form? of (hair).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (phát)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.