See also: , , and
U+767C, 發
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-767C

[U+767B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+767D]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 105, +7, 12 strokes, cangjie input 弓人弓竹水 (NONHE), four-corner 12247, composition𭚧)

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 784, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 22669
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1194, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2761, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+767C

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. *
alternative forms
𤼲
𤼵

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Spring and Autumn Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script
         

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *pad): semantic (bow) + phonetic (OC *pʰaːd, *baːd).

Etymology 1Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • fat - literary;
  • pot - colloquial.
  • Min Dong
  • Note:
    • buók - colloquial;
    • huák - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • puh - colloquial (also written as );
    • hoa̍t - only in 發落;
    • hoat - literary.
    Note:
    • huêg4 - Chaozhou;
    • huag4 - Shantou;
    • biuh4 - colloquial, in some words;
    • baoh4 - colloquial, in some words.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (1)
    Final () (68)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /pʉɐt̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /pʷiɐt̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /piuɐt̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /puat̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /piuɐt̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /pĭwɐt̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /pi̯wɐt̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    fa
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    faat3
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ pjot ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*Cə.pat/
    English fly forth, send forth

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 164
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pad/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to shoot; to launch
      /   ―  shè  ―  to shoot; (of space vehicle) to launch
    2. to issue
      /   ―    ―  to release
      號施令 / 号施令  ―  hàoshīlìng  ―  to give orders
      1. to distribute
        /   ―  xíng  ―  to distribute; to circulate; to issue (securities)
        傳單 / 传单  ―  chuándān  ―  to distribute leaflets
        工資 / 工资  ―  gōngzī  ―  to pay out wages
      2. to ship; to send for delivery
        /   ―  huò  ―  to ship goods
      3. to post; to send message
        /   ―  diàn  ―  to send a telegram
        微博 / 微博  ―  Wēibó  ―  to post an update to Weibo
        推特 / 推特  ―  Tuītè  ―  to post an update to Twitter; to tweet
        /   ―  cuò qún  ―  to post to the wrong group
        電子郵件 / 电子邮件  ―  diànzǐyóujiàn  ―  to send an e-mail
      4. to publish
        /   ―  kān  ―  to publish (in press media)
        論文 / 论文  ―  biǎo lùnwén  ―  to publish a research work
      5. to emit
        /   ―  guāng  ―  to emit light
        /   ―  yīn  ―  to pronounce; to vocalise
        /   ―  huàn  ―  (figuratively) to radiate
      6. to escape
        /   ―  sàn  ―  to diverge
        /   ―  zhēng  ―  to evaporate
        /   ―  huīxìng  ―  volatility
      7. (chiefly of plants or plant parts) to grow out; (of flowers) to blossom
        /   ―    ―  to germinate
    3. to depart; to leave
      /   ―  shǐzhàn  ―  station of departure
      北京列車 / 北京列车  ―  wǎng Běijīng de lièchē  ―  train leaving for Beijing
    4. to dispatch
      /   ―  bīng  ―  to dispatch troops
      /   ―  zhēng  ―  to requisition
    5. to expand; to extend; to spread
      /   ―  yáng  ―  to promote
      /   ―  zhǎn  ―  to develop; to enhance
      /   ―  tiáo  ―  coiled spring; clockwork (lit. "expanding strip")
      1. to rise; to emerge
        /   ―    ―  to rise to prominence
      2. to gain wealth
        /   ―  bào  ―  parvenu/e
        /   ―  le.  ―  He has made a fortune.
      3. (of food) to rise, expand, or become porous, especially as a result of leavening
        /   ―  gāo  ―  fa gao (a porous rice dessert)
        還沒 / 还没  ―  Miàn háiméi hǎo.  ―  The dough has not yet fully risen.
    6. to initiate; to give start to
      /   ―  dòng  ―  to start (an engine)
      /   ―    ―  spontaneous; voluntary (lit. self-initiated)
      制人 / 制人  ―  hòuzhìrén  ―  to overpower the opponent by reacting to their (ill-advised) initiative; to win by not striking the first
      /   ―    ―  to stimulate
    7. to generate; to produce
      /   ―  diàn  ―  to generate electric power
    8. to become; to get into a certain state
      /   ―  shāo  ―  to have a fever
      /   ―  kuáng  ―  to go mad
      /   ―  dāi  ―  to be in a daze
      /   ―  qíng  ―  to be in oestrus
      /   ―  jué  ―  to become aware
    9. to open; to remove what seals, blocks, or shuts
      /   ―  jué  ―  to excavate; to unearth; (figurative) to develop
      /   ―  rèn  ―  to start (lit. to unblock the wheels)
      /   ―  xiàn  ―  to discover; discovery
    10. to make manifest; to express; to act out
      /   ―  shì  ―  to swear an oath
      /   ―    ―  to act out one's anger; to hit out
      /   ―  jiē  ―  to expose (wrongdoing, scandal, etc.)
      意見 / 意见  ―  biǎo yìjiàn  ―  to express one's opinions
    11. (figuratively, of the mind) to make clear; to enlighten; to open up; to stimulate
      /   ―  míng  ―  to explain clearly; to invent
      /   ―    ―  to inspire; to enlighten
    12. Classifier for ammunition.
    13. (slang) Classifier for ejaculation.
    SynonymsEdit
    • (to distribute):

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    PronunciationEdit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. bent; crooked
    2. Used in 發發发发 (bōbō, “numerous; sound of strong wind or fish jumping”).

    JapaneseEdit

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. set off; depart; start from; emit; discharge; disclose; occur

    ReadingsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Kanji in this term
    はつ
    Hyōgaiji
    Irregular

    (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “Cantonese borrowing? Kan'on reading is probably coincidence”)

    Alternative formsEdit

    • 𤼵 (common in Japanese tilesets)

    PronunciationEdit

    • (Irregular reading)

    NounEdit

    (ハツ) (hatsu

    1. (mahjong) green dragon (tile)
      Hypernym: 三元牌 (sangenpai)
    2. (mahjong) a (yaku, winning hand) with a triplet or quad of green dragon tiles
      Hypernym: 役牌 (yakuhai, yaku-pai)

    Coordinate termsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Middle Chinese (MC pʉɐt̚).

    Historical Readings
    Dongguk Jeongun Reading
    Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 버ᇙ〮 (Yale: pélq)
    Middle Korean
    Text Eumhun
    Gloss (hun) Reading
    Sinjeung Yuhap, 1576 베플 (Yale: peyphul) (Yale: pal)

    PronunciationEdit

    HanjaEdit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun (pil bal))

    1. Hanja form? of (to shoot; to emit; to discharge). [affix]
    2. Hanja form? of (departing from; originating from). [suffix]

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: phát, phắt, phết

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.