KoreanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

 
Korean Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ko

First attested in the Gugeupganibang eonhae (救急簡易方諺解 / 구급간이방언해), 1489, as Middle Korean 보리 (Yale: pwòlì). Cho Hang-bum, a reliable etymologist, believes that the prefix is from a reference to barley as an inferior or an "approximate" rice.

PronunciationEdit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?bori
Revised Romanization (translit.)?boli
McCune–Reischauer?pori
Yale Romanization?poli

South Gyeongsang (Busan) pitch accent: 의 / 보에 / 보리

Syllables in red take high pitch. This word always takes high pitch only on the second syllable, except before consonant-initial multisyllabic suffixes, when it takes full low pitch.

NounEdit

보리 (bori)

  1. barley
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
See alsoEdit
  • Food
    • (tteok, “Korean dough of rice or other cereals, ground before, or mashed after, steaming”)
    • (bap, “meal; boiled rice, sometimes mixed with other cereals such as barley”)
    • (, juk, “gruel, soup, pap”)

PrefixEdit

보리— (bori-)

  1. (archaic) an imperfect attempt at (something)
  2. (Gyeongsang) approximate
    보리동갑boridonggapalmost the same age
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

 
Korean Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ko

Sino-Korean word from 보제 (boje, 菩提). Ultimately from Sanskrit बोधि (bodhi).

PronunciationEdit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?bori
Revised Romanization (translit.)?boli
McCune–Reischauer?pori
Yale Romanization?poli

NounEdit

보리 (bori) (hanja 菩提)

  1. bodhi, Buddhist supreme enlightenment, wisdom
Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 조항범 (Cho Hang-bum), “조항범 교수의 어원 이야기: 보리윷”, in Munhwa ilbo[1], 2019
  • 경남 방언 사전 [Dictionary of southern Gyeongsang varieties], volume I, South Gyeongsang Provincial Government, 2017, page 375