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ChineseEdit

phonetic
simp. and trad.
(菩提)

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Sanskrit बोधि (bodhi).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/2
Initial () (3) (7)
Final () (23) (39)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/buo/ /dei/
Pan
Wuyun
/buo/ /dei/
Shao
Rongfen
/bo/ /dɛi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bɔ/ /dɛj/
Li
Rong
/bo/ /dei/
Wang
Li
/bu/ /diei/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱuo/ /dʱiei/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex

NounEdit

菩提

  1. (Buddhism) bodhi, the state of enlightenment that finally ends the cycle of death and rebirth and leads to nirvana
  2. Short for 菩提樹菩提树 (pútíshù, “bodhi tree”).
  3. Short for 菩提子 (pútízǐ, “bodhi seeds; bodhi beads”).

Derived termsEdit


JapaneseEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō
だい
Grade: 5
kan’yōon goon

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese 菩提 (MC buo dei), a transliteration of Sanskrit बोधि (bodhi), [1][2][3][4][5] or Pali bodhi.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

菩提 (hiragana ぼだい, rōmaji bodai)

  1. (Buddhism) bodhi:
    1. supreme enlightenment or wisdom
    2. reaching nirvana
    3. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
    4. (by extension) a Buddhist doctrine
      Synonym: 仏道 (Butsudō)

Derived termsEdit

IdiomsEdit

DescendantsEdit

See alsoEdit

Proper nounEdit

菩提 (hiragana ぼだい, rōmaji Bodai)

  1. a placename
  2. a surname

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 菩提”, in 日本大百科全書:ニッポニカ (Nippon Dai Hyakka Zensho: Nipponica, Encyclopedia Nipponica)[1] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 1984
  2. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  3. ^ 菩提”, in 世界大百科事典 第2版 (Sekai Dai-hyakka Jiten Dainiban, Heibonsha World Encyclopedia Second Edition)[2] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Heibonsha, 1998
  4. 4.0 4.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  5. ^ 菩提”, in ブリタニカ国際大百科事典 小項目事典 (Buritanika Kokusai Dai Hyakka Jiten: Shō Kōmoku Jiten, Encyclopædia Britannica International: Micropædia)[3] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Britannica Japan Co., Ltd., 2014
  6. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN