See also: 菩萨

ChineseEdit

phonetic
trad. (菩薩)
simp. (菩萨)
 
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PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/4 1/1
Initial () (3) (16)
Final () (23) (63)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/buo/ /sɑt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/buo/ /sɑt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/bo/ /sɑt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bɔ/ /sat̚/
Li
Rong
/bo/ /sɑt̚/
Wang
Li
/bu/ /sɑt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱuo/ /sɑt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
sa

Etymology 1Edit

Short for 菩提薩埵菩提萨埵 (pútísàduǒ), itself from Sanskrit बोधिसत्त्व (bodhi-sattva, enlightened existence) or Pali bodhisatta.

NounEdit

菩薩

  1. (Buddhism) bodhisattva
  2. (figuratively, sometimes ironic) kind-hearted person; kind and charitable person
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
Sino-Xenic (菩薩):
  • Japanese: ()(さつ) (bosatsu)
  • Korean: 보살 (菩薩, bosal)
  • Vietnamese: bồ tát (菩薩)

Etymology 2Edit

Phono-semantic matching of Khmer ពោធិ៍សាត់ (Pothi៍sat).

Proper nounEdit

菩薩

  1. () Pursat (a province of Cambodia)
  2. () Pursat (a city in Pursat, Cambodia)

JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō
さつ
Jinmeiyō
goon kan’on

/bosatɨ//bosatʉ//bosat͡sʉ//bosat͡su/

Shift from bosachi below, adopting the kan'on reading for the second character, possibly indicating a later borrowing or other influence from Middle Chinese. Ultimately from Sanskrit बोधिसत्त्व (bodhi-sattva, literally enlightened existence)[1][2][3][4][5][6] or Pali bodhisatta.

Compare modern Cantonese 菩薩 (pou4 saat3).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

菩薩(ぼさつ) (bosatsu)

  1. (Buddhism) Short for 菩提薩埵 (bodai-satta): a bodhisattva
    Synonyms: 開士 (kaishi, kaiji), 大士 (daishi)
  2. (obsolete) a title granted by the imperial court to notably virtuous high-ranking monks
  3. (archaic) a title applied to native Shinto deities after the spread of 本地垂迹 (honji suijaku, theological position prevalent until the Meiji period, explaining that Buddhist deities from India choose to appear in Japan as native kami)
  4. in gagaku circles, a dancer dressed up as a bodhisattva
  5. (colloquial) Synonym of (kome): rice grains
  6. (by extension) a maidservant who cooks rice

Derived termsEdit

Proper nounEdit

菩薩(ぼさつ) (Bosatsu)

  1. title of a piece of gagaku, categorized in the 唐楽 (tōgaku, literally Tang music) style

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō
さち
Jinmeiyō
goon

/bosatɨ//bosat͡ɕi/

From Middle Chinese 菩薩 (MC buo sɑt̚), an abbreviation of 菩提薩埵 (MC buo dei sɑt̚ tuɑX), itself a transliteration of Sanskrit बोधिसत्त्व (bodhi-sattva, literally enlightened existence) or Pali bodhisatta. Uses the goon for both characters, indicating an earlier borrowing from Middle Chinese than the bosatsu reading above.

NounEdit

菩薩(ぼさち) (bosachi)

  1. (Buddhism, obsolete) Short for 菩提薩埵 (bodai-satta): a bodhisattva
    • c. 10011014, Murasaki Shikibu, Genji Monogatari (Suzumushi)
      阿彌陀(あみだ)(ぶつ)けうしのほさちおのおの(びゃく)たんしてつくり(たてまつ)りたる...
      Amida-butsu kyōshi no bosachi onoono byakutan shite tsukuri tatematsuritaru...
      (please add an English translation of this example)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 菩薩”, in 日本大百科全書:ニッポニカ (Nippon Dai Hyakka Zensho: Nipponica, Encyclopedia Nipponica)[1] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 1984
  2. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  4. ^ 菩薩”, in 世界大百科事典 第2版 (Sekai Dai-hyakka Jiten Dainiban, Heibonsha World Encyclopedia Second Edition)[2] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Heibonsha, 1998
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  6. ^ 菩薩”, in ブリタニカ国際大百科事典 小項目事典 (Buritanika Kokusai Dai Hyakka Jiten: Shō Kōmoku Jiten, Encyclopædia Britannica International: Micropædia)[3] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Britannica Japan Co., Ltd., 2014

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

菩薩 (bosal) (hangeul 보살)

  1. Hanja form? of 보살 (bodhisattva).

OkinawanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with Japanese 菩薩 (bosatsu).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

菩薩 (hiragana ぶーさー, rōmaji būsā)

  1. (Buddhism) bodhisattva

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • ブーサー” in Okinawa Center of Language Study, Shuri-Naha Dialect Dictionary.

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

NounEdit

菩薩

  1. Hán tự form of bồ tát (bodhisattva).