See also:
U+7CA5, 粥
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7CA5

[U+7CA4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7CA6]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 119, +6, 12 strokes, cangjie input 弓火木弓 (NFDN), four-corner 17227, composition弓)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 908, character 36
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 26938
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1334, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1000, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+7CA5

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. #
 
Wikipedia has articles on:

Glyph originEdit

The reduced form of the character (OC *luɡ), which was an ideogrammic compound and the original character for "congee".

EtymologyEdit

“congee; rice gruel”
Related to (OC *luɡ), (OC *luɡ, “to nourish”) (Karlgren, 1956; Baxter and Sagart, 2014). Baxter and Sagart (1998) originally derive (OC *t-ljuk) from (OC *ljuk), but later, Baxter and Sagart (2014) derive (OC *t-quk) from a root *quk (to nourish), which is related to (OC *m-quk), as well as (OC *qʰuk, “to nourish”).
Alternatively, it may be related to Tibetan ཐུག་པ (thug pa, Tibetan-style soup, broth, gruel, porridge) (Bodman, 1980; Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note: chu̍k - from Cantonese.

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (23)
Final () (4)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕɨuk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕiuk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕiuk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cuwk̚/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕiuk̚/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭuk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi̯uk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhu
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
zuk1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhōu
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyuwk ›
Old
Chinese
/*t-quk/
English gruel

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 17540
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔljuɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. congee; rice gruel; porridge
  2. weak; feeble
  3. A surname​.
SynonymsEdit
  • (congee): (literary) ()
DescendantsEdit
Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese: (しゅく) (shuku)
  • Korean: (, juk)

Others:

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (36)
Final () (4)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jɨuk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/jiuk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/iuk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/juwk̚/
Li
Rong
/iuk̚/
Wang
Li
/jĭuk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯uk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
juk6
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 17542
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*luɡ/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Alternative form of (, “to give birth; to rear”).
  2. Original form of (, “to sell”).
  3. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. congee

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
かゆ
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi
 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Various theories. Possible shift from keyu (食湯) or koyu (濃湯), or combination of ka (加) and yu (湯). An alternate theory suggests it is an abbreviation of kashigiyu (炊湯)[1].

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(かゆ) or (かい) or (しゅく) (kayu or kai or shuku

  1. congee (a type of rice porridge)

KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (MC t͡ɕɨuk̚).

Historical Readings
Dongguk Jeongun Reading
Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 쥭〮 (Yale: cywúk)
Middle Korean
Text Eumhun
Gloss (hun) Reading
Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[2] 쥭〮 (Yale: cywúk) 쥭〮 (Yale: cywúk)

PronunciationEdit

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun (juk juk))

  1. Hanja form? of (congee).

CompoundsEdit

  • See the Hangeul entry at (juk) for compounds of .

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [3]

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: cháo

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
  1. ^ 前田富祺編著 『日本語源大辞典』 小学館、2005年。