U+9EA5, 麥
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9EA5

[U+9EA4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9EA6]
See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 199 +0, 11 strokes, cangjie input 十人弓戈 (JONI), four-corner 40207, composition)

  1. Kangxi radical #199, (wheat).

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1512, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 47717
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2041, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4600, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9EA5

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*m·rɯːɡ
*rɯː, *rɯːs
*rɯː
*rɯː, *rɯːs
*rɯː
*rɯː, *ruːlʔ, *ruːlʔ
*rɯː
*rɯː
*rɯː
*rɯː
*rɯː
*rɯː
*rɯː, *rɯ
*rɯː, *rɯːs
*rɯː
*rɯːʔ, *rrɯː
*rɯːs
*rɯːs
*rɯːs
*rɯːs, *r̥ʰɯ, *r̥ʰɯs, *r̥ʰɯs
*rɯ
*ŋrɯns
*ŋrɯns
*mrɯːɡ

Pictogram (象形) – a wheat plant. Originally was a pictogram for "wheat" and 麥, adding a foot beneath, was invented for the nearly homophonous word "come". With time, the simpler character became fixed as the writing of the more common word "come", leaving 麥 for "wheat".

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /mai⁵¹/
Harbin /mai⁵³/
Tianjin /mai⁵³/
Jinan /mei²¹/
Qingdao /me⁴²/
Zhengzhou /mɛ²⁴/
Xi'an /mei²¹/
Xining /mɨ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /mia¹³/
/mɛ¹³/
Lanzhou /mə¹³/
Ürümqi /mai²¹³/
/mei⁴⁴/
Wuhan /mɤ²¹³/
Chengdu /me³¹/
Guiyang /mɛ²¹/
Kunming /mə³¹/
Nanjing /məʔ⁵/
Hefei /mɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /mai⁴⁵/
Pingyao /miʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /miaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /maʔ¹/
Suzhou /mɑʔ³/
Hangzhou /mɑʔ²/
Wenzhou /ma²¹³/
Hui Shexian /mɛ²²/
Tunxi /ma¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /mə²⁴/
Xiangtan /mai²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /mɑʔ²/
Hakka Meixian /mak̚⁵/
Taoyuan /mɑk̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /mɐk̚²/
Nanning /mɐk̚²²/
Hong Kong /mɐk̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /bik̚⁵/
/beʔ⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /maʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ma⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /beʔ⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /vɛ³³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (119)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mˠɛk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/mᵚæk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/mɐk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/məɨjk̚/
Li
Rong
/mɛk̚/
Wang
Li
/mæk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mæk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
mài
Middle
Chinese
‹ mɛk ›
Old
Chinese
/*m-rˤək/ (dialect: *m-rˤ > *mˤr-)
English wheat

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7630
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mrɯːɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. wheat; barley; oats
  2. Short for 麥克風麦克风 (màikèfēng, “microphone”).
  3. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(maek)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: maek, McCune-Reischauer: maek, Yale: mayk)
  • Name (hangeul): 보리 (revised: bori, McCune-Reischauer: pori)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(mạch)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.