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See also:
U+9EA5, 麥
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9EA5

[U+9EA4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9EA6]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 199 +0, 11 strokes, cangjie input 十人弓戈 (JONI), four-corner 40207, composition)

  1. Kangxi radical #199, .

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1512, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 47717
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2041, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4600, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9EA5

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
m·rɯːɡ
rɯː, *rɯːs
rɯː
rɯː, *rɯːs
rɯː
rɯː, *ruːlʔ, *ruːlʔ
rɯː
rɯː
rɯː
rɯː
rɯː
rɯː
rɯː, *rɯ
rɯː, *rɯːs
rɯː
rɯːʔ, *rrɯː
rɯːs
rɯːs
rɯːs
rɯːs, *r̥ʰɯ, *r̥ʰɯs, *r̥ʰɯs
ŋrɯns
ŋrɯns
mrɯːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *mrɯːɡ): phonetic  (OC *m·rɯːɡ) + semantic  (foot; to walk slowly). was the original character for “wheat”. Several possible interpretations:

  • This character originally meant “to come”. Because the simpler was commonly used for this (borrowed) sense, its original meaning (“wheat”) switched with .
  • represents the ancient concept that wheat came from the heavens.
  • represents growth of the wheat plant.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • be̍h/be̍eh - vernacular;
  • be̍k/bia̍k - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /mai⁵¹/
Harbin /mai⁵³/
Tianjin /mai⁵³/
Jinan /mei²¹/
Qingdao /me⁴²/
Zhengzhou /mɛ²⁴/
Xi'an /mei²¹/
Xining /mɨ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /mia¹³/
/mɛ¹³/
Lanzhou /mə¹³/
Ürümqi /mai²¹³/
/mei⁴⁴/
Wuhan /mɤ²¹³/
Chengdu /me³¹/
Guiyang /mɛ²¹/
Kunming /mə³¹/
Nanjing /məʔ⁵/
Hefei /mɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /mai⁴⁵/
Pingyao /miʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /miaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /maʔ¹/
Suzhou /mɑʔ³/
Hangzhou /mɑʔ²/
Wenzhou /ma²¹³/
Hui Shexian /mɛ²²/
Tunxi /ma¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /mə²⁴/
Xiangtan /mai²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /mɑʔ²/
Hakka Meixian /mak̚⁵/
Taoyuan /mɑk̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /mɐk̚²/
Nanning /mɐk̚²²/
Hong Kong /mɐk̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /bik̚⁵/
/beʔ⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /maʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ma⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /beʔ⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /vɛ³³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (119)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mˠɛk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/mᵚæk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/mɐk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/məɨjk̚/
Li
Rong
/mɛk̚/
Wang
Li
/mæk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mæk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
mài
Middle
Chinese
‹ mɛk ›
Old
Chinese
/*m-rˤək/ (dialect: *m-rˤ > *mˤr-)
English wheat

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7630
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mrɯːɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. wheat; barley; oats
  2. (~克風) microphone
  3. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(maek)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (revised: maek, McCune-Reischauer: maek, Yale: mayk)
    • Name (hangeul): 보리 (revised: bori, McCune-Reischauer: pori)
  1. wheat

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(mạch)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.