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RussianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *-ica.

PronunciationEdit

  • -ица: IPA(key): [ʲɪt͡sə]
  • -и́ца: IPA(key): [ˈʲit͡sə]

SuffixEdit

-ица or -и́ца (-ica or -íca)

  1. feminine of -ик (-ik)
    лу́чн(ик) (lúčn(ik), archer) + ‎-ица (-ica) → ‎лу́чница (lúčnica, female archer)
    грибн(и́к) (gribn(ík), mushroomer) + ‎-и́ца (-íca) → ‎грибни́ца (gribníca, female mushroomer)
  2. feminine of -ец (-ec)
    краса́в(ец) (krasáv(ec), handsome man) + ‎-ица (-ica) → ‎краса́вица (krasávica, beautiful woman)
  3. forms diminutives of generally feminine nouns
    ро́жа (róža, ugly mug, face (pejorative)) + ‎-ица (-ica) → ‎ро́жица (róžica, face (endearing))
    ро́ща (róšča, copse, grove) + ‎-ица (-ica) → ‎ро́щица (róščica, small copse, small grove)
    вода́ (vodá, water) + ‎-и́ца (-íca) → ‎води́ца (vodíca, water (endearing))
    мете́ль (metélʹ, blizzard, snowstorm) + ‎-ица (-ica) → ‎мете́лица (metélica, blizzard, snowstorm (poetic; diminutive or endearing))
    тряпьё (trjapʹjó, rags) + ‎-и́ца (-íca) → ‎тряпи́ца (trjapíca, small rag (colloquial))
  4. forms abstract nouns from adjectives
    ра́зный (ráznyj, different) + ‎-ица (-ica) → ‎ра́зница (ráznica, difference)
    еди́ный (jedínyj, united, unified; one, single) + ‎-и́ца (-íca) → ‎едини́ца (jediníca, unit; unity (mathematics); number one (bus, tram, etc.))
  5. forms abstract nouns from prefixes + nouns
    без- (bez-, without) + ‎рабо́та (rabóta, work) + ‎-ица (-ica) → ‎безрабо́тица (bezrabótica, unemployment)
    пере- (pere-, re-) + ‎сорт (sort, grade) + ‎-ица (-ica) → ‎пересо́ртица (peresórtica, regrading (of goods))
    рас- (ras-, away) + ‎путь (putʹ, road) + ‎-ица (-ica) → ‎распу́тица (raspútica, season of impassable roads)
  6. forms nouns referring to plants, animals, tools or other objects from nouns and adjectives
    мо́крый (mókryj, wet) + ‎-и́ца (-íca) → ‎мокри́ца (mokríca, woodlouse, sowbug)
    у́гольный (úgolʹnyj, coal (relational)) + ‎-ица (-ica) → ‎у́гольница (úgolʹnica, firepan)
    я́года (jágoda, berry) + ‎-ица (-ica) → ‎я́годица (jágodica, buttock; (dialectal) cheekbone; (dialectal) nipple) (from the round shape of the berry)

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit



Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *-ica.

SuffixEdit

-ица (Latin spelling -ica)

  1. Suffix appended to words to create a feminine noun, commonly used for forming diminutives.
  2. Suffix appended to words to create a masculine or feminine noun, usually a pejorative.
  3. feminine of -ик

Derived termsEdit