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Etymology

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From Middle English Antioche, from Old French Antioche, from Latin Antiochīa, from Ancient Greek Ἀντιόχεια (Antiókheia), from Ἀντίοχος (Antíokhos) + -εια (-eia, -ia: forming place names), originally from the father of Seleucus I Nicator, the general of Alexander the Great who founded of the Seleucid Empire. The name was then borne by other Seleucid emperors, who named various cities after themselves. Later cities in the United States etc. were subsequently named for the earlier ones, particularly the Syrian Antioch which was an important center of early Christianity. Compare Alexandria, Laodicea, Apamea, Ptolemais, and Seleucia.

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Proper noun

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Antioch

  1. (chiefly historical) Synonym of Antakya, a city in southeastern Turkey, formerly the capital of the ancient Seleucid Empire and the Crusader Principality of Antioch and a major port of the Roman and Byzantine Empires.
    • 1982, Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume 2, Issues 1-4, Page 120
      During his frequent stays at Antioch, Tigranes [king of Armenia], a self-styled king of kings, maintained a sumptuous court with a ceremonial of Achaemenid origin that Plutarch has described.
  2. (historical) Various other cities in Southwestern Asia founded by the Seleucid dynasty:
    1. Former name of Tarsus, a city in southeastern Turkey.
    2. Former name of Adana, a city in southern Turkey.
    3. Former name of Nusaybin, a city in southeastern Turkey.
    4. Former name of Samsat, a city in southeastern Turkey.
    5. Former name of Aydin, a city in southwestern Turkey.
    6. Former name of Urfa, a city in southeastern Turkey.
    7. Former name of Acre, a city and port in Israel.
    8. Former name of Nahavand, a city in Iran.
    9. Former name of Mary, a city in Turkmenistan.
    10. A former city in western Turkey near present-day Yalvaç.
    11. A former city in western Turkey near present-day Kuyucak.
    12. A former city in southern Turkey near present-day Gazipaşa.
    13. A former city in northwestern Jordan near present-day Umm Qais.
  3. (historical) A former country in the Middle East, a Crusader state centered on Antakya.
  4. (historical) Various former provinces centered on Antakya.
  5. A number of places in the United States
    1. A small unincorporated community in Clarke County, Alabama.
    2. A city in Contra Costa County, California.
    3. An unincorporated community in Hillsborough County, Florida.
    4. An unincorporated community in Polk County, Georgia.
    5. An unincorporated community in Troup County, Georgia.
    6. A township and village therein, in Lake County, Illinois.
    7. A number of places in Indiana, United States
      1. An unincorporated community in Jackson Township, Clinton County, Indiana.
      2. An unincorporated community in Wright Township, Greene County, Indiana.
      3. An unincorporated community in Pike Township, Jay County, Indiana.
      4. An unincorporated community in Posey Township, Switzerland County, Indiana.
    8. An unincorporated community in Harrison County, Kentucky.
    9. A former unincorporated community in Lyon County, Kentucky.
    10. A number of places in Louisiana, United States
      1. An unincorporated community in Claiborne Parish, Louisiana.
      2. An unincorporated community in Jackson Parish, Louisiana.
      3. An unincorporated community in Lincoln Parish, Louisiana.
    11. A township in Wexford County, Michigan.
    12. An unincorporated community in Clark County, Missouri.
    13. A ghost town in Sheridan County, Nebraska.
    14. A village in Monroe County, Ohio.
    15. A neighborhood of Nashville, Tennessee.
    16. A number of places in Texas, United States
      1. An unincorporated community in Cass County, Texas.
      2. An unincorporated community in Delta County, Texas.
      3. An unincorporated community in Henderson County, Texas.
      4. A ghost town in Houston County, Texas.
      5. An unincorporated community in Smith County, Texas.

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