Borrowed from Arabic الْعِرَاق (al-ʿirāq, “Iraq”), of uncertain derivation. Possibly from Sumerian “Uruk” or “Warka” (Biblical “Erech”) region in the south of ancient Iraq. Medieval Arabic uses ‘Iraq’ as a geographical term for the area in the south and center of the modern Iraq. Some Arabic sources say that Iraq comes from عَرِيق (ʿarīq, “deep-rooted”), from عِرْق (ʿirq, “root”), while others say it is from Middle Persian's erāq (“lowlands”), due to historic rule from Iraq's plateau-situated neighbor, Persia.
- (UK) IPA(key): /ɪˈɹɑːk/, /ɪˈɹak/
- (General Australian) IPA(key): /ɪˈɹak/
- (US) IPA(key): /ɪˈɹæk/, /ɪˈɹɑk/, /aɪˈɹæk/
Audio (US) (file)
Iraq (plural Iraqs)
- The Republic of Iraq, a country (since 1958) in the Middle East and Western Asia that borders on Iran, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Syria and Turkey, having Baghdad as its capital city.
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- Alternative spelling of