See also: Irák, Írak, and ırak

English edit

Proper noun edit

Irak

  1. (dated and non-native speakers' English) Rare spelling of Iraq.
    • 1828, Thomas Keightley, The Fairy Mythology, volume I, London: William Harrison Ainsworth, page 41:
      Ben Shohnah relates, that in the year 456 of the Hejira, in the reign of Caiem, the twenty-sixth caliph of the house of Abbas, a report was raised in Bagdad which immediately spread throughout the whole province of Irak, that some Turks being out hunting saw in the desert a black tent, beneath which there was a number of people of both sexes, who were beating their cheeks, and uttering loud cries, as is the custom in the East when any one is dead.

Anagrams edit

Afrikaans edit

 
Afrikaans Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia af

Proper noun edit

Irak

  1. Iraq (a country in Western Asia, in the Middle East; capital: Bagdad)

Derived terms edit

Albanian edit

 
Albanian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sq

Proper noun edit

Irak m (definite Iraku)

  1. Iraq (a country in Western Asia, in the Middle East)
    Synonym: Republika e Irakut

Declension edit

Central Huasteca Nahuatl edit

Proper noun edit

Irak

  1. Iraq (a country in Western Asia, in the Middle East)

Danish edit

 
Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

Proper noun edit

Irak

  1. Iraq (a country in Western Asia, in the Middle East)

Dutch edit

 
Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /iˈrɑk/
  • (file)

Proper noun edit

Irak n

  1. Iraq (a country in Western Asia, in the Middle East)

Faroese edit

 
Faroese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fo

Proper noun edit

Irak n

  1. Iraq (a country in Western Asia, in the Middle East)

Declension edit

Singular
Indefinite
Nominative Irak
Accusative Irak
Dative Iraki
Genitive Iraks

Finnish edit

 
Finnish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fi

Etymology edit

From Arabicالْعِرَاق(al-ʕirāq).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈirɑk/, [ˈirɑ̝k]
  • Rhymes: -irɑk
  • Syllabification(key): I‧rak

Proper noun edit

Irak

  1. Iraq (a country in Western Asia, in the Middle East)
    Irakin tasavaltaRepublic of Iraq

Declension edit

Inflection of Irak (Kotus type 6/paperi, no gradation)
nominative Irak
genitive Irakin
partitive Irakia
illative Irakiin
singular plural
nominative Irak
accusative nom. Irak
gen. Irakin
genitive Irakin
partitive Irakia
inessive Irakissa
elative Irakista
illative Irakiin
adessive Irakilla
ablative Irakilta
allative Irakille
essive Irakina
translative Irakiksi
abessive Irakitta
instructive
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of Irak (Kotus type 6/paperi, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative Irakini
accusative nom. Irakini
gen. Irakini
genitive Irakini
partitive Irakiani
inessive Irakissani
elative Irakistani
illative Irakiini
adessive Irakillani
ablative Irakiltani
allative Irakilleni
essive Irakinani
translative Irakikseni
abessive Irakittani
instructive
comitative
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative Irakisi
accusative nom. Irakisi
gen. Irakisi
genitive Irakisi
partitive Irakiasi
inessive Irakissasi
elative Irakistasi
illative Irakiisi
adessive Irakillasi
ablative Irakiltasi
allative Irakillesi
essive Irakinasi
translative Irakiksesi
abessive Irakittasi
instructive
comitative
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative Irakimme
accusative nom. Irakimme
gen. Irakimme
genitive Irakimme
partitive Irakiamme
inessive Irakissamme
elative Irakistamme
illative Irakiimme
adessive Irakillamme
ablative Irakiltamme
allative Irakillemme
essive Irakinamme
translative Irakiksemme
abessive Irakittamme
instructive
comitative
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative Irakinne
accusative nom. Irakinne
gen. Irakinne
genitive Irakinne
partitive Irakianne
inessive Irakissanne
elative Irakistanne
illative Irakiinne
adessive Irakillanne
ablative Irakiltanne
allative Irakillenne
essive Irakinanne
translative Irakiksenne
abessive Irakittanne
instructive
comitative
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative Irakinsa
accusative nom. Irakinsa
gen. Irakinsa
genitive Irakinsa
partitive Irakiaan
Irakiansa
inessive Irakissaan
Irakissansa
elative Irakistaan
Irakistansa
illative Irakiinsa
adessive Irakillaan
Irakillansa
ablative Irakiltaan
Irakiltansa
allative Irakilleen
Irakillensa
essive Irakinaan
Irakinansa
translative Irakikseen
Irakiksensa
abessive Irakittaan
Irakittansa
instructive
comitative

Derived terms edit

Anagrams edit

French edit

 
French Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fr

Pronunciation edit

Proper noun edit

Irak m

  1. Iraq (a country in Western Asia, in the Middle East)

Derived terms edit

See also edit

German edit

 
German Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia de

Alternative forms edit

  • Erack (obsolete)
  • Irack (obsolete)
  • Jerack (in Fraktur with a single type J for I and J; obsolete)

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Arabicاَلْعِرَاق(al-ʕirāq).

Pronunciation edit

Proper noun edit

Irak m or n (proper noun, strong, genitive Iraks or Irak, plural Irak)

  1. Iraq (a country in Western Asia, in the Middle East)
    • (Can we date this quote?), Siegfried Auermann, Germanen und Wikinger. Wikingerfahrten, Normanenreiche, Runenkunde, Reinhard Welz Vermittler Verlag Mannheim e.K., page 101:
      Dreißig Jahre nachher fuhren ſie auf Strömen und über Land in das Kaſpische Meer hinein, ſpäter drangen ſie gar bis nach Aserbeidſchan und in das Irak vor.
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)
    • 1821, Friedrich Chriſtoph Schloſſer, Weltgeſchichte in zuſammenhängender Erzählung. Dritten Bandes erſter Theil, page 82:
      Auch mit ſeinem Halbbruder Mohammed mußte er hernach theilen h); dieſer behielt Aderbidſchan und ihm ſelbst blieb nur die Herrſchaft des Oſtens und die Oberlehnsherrſchaft über beide Irak.
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)
    • 1824, Joſeph von Hammer, Motenebbi, der größte arabiſche Dichter, page XXIX:
      Motenebbi hatte zwar ſelbst nach ſeiner Trennung von Seifeddewlet desſelben in mittelbarem und unmittelbarem Lobe gedacht, aber er fühlte ſich doch nicht mehr an deſſen Hof hingezogen, und begab ſich nun an den des großen Fürſten der Dynaſtie Bujeh, Adhad-ed-dewlet, welcher die beyden Irak (das arabiſche und perſiſche) beherrſchte, und wechſelweiſe in den Hauptſtädten dieſer beyden Länder, zu Schiraſ und Bagdad, reſidierte.
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)

Usage notes edit

  • The word is sometimes used without a definite article as in English: Irak, in Irak. In this case, the genitive is always Iraks, for example Iraks Hauptstadt – "Iraq's capital".
  • More commonly, however, the definite article is used with the name: der Irak, im Irak. In this case, the genitive usually is des Irak, although des Iraks is also correct: die Hauptstadt des Irak(s) – "the capital of Iraq".
  • The plural refers to the Arabian or Arab Iraq and the Persian Iraq.

Derived terms edit

Hungarian edit

 
Hungarian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia hu

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈirɒk]
  • Hyphenation: Irak
  • Rhymes: -ɒk

Proper noun edit

Irak

  1. Iraq (a country in Western Asia, in the Middle East)

Declension edit

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative Irak
accusative Irakot
dative Iraknak
instrumental Irakkal
causal-final Irakért
translative Irakká
terminative Irakig
essive-formal Irakként
essive-modal
inessive Irakban
superessive Irakon
adessive Iraknál
illative Irakba
sublative Irakra
allative Irakhoz
elative Irakból
delative Irakról
ablative Iraktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
Iraké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
Irakéi
Possessive forms of Irak
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. Irakom
2nd person sing. Irakod
3rd person sing. Irakja
1st person plural Irakunk
2nd person plural Irakotok
3rd person plural Irakjuk

Derived terms edit

Indonesian edit

 
Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Etymology edit

From Dutch Irak, from Arabicالْعِرَاق(al-ʕirāq, Iraq), of uncertain derivation. Medieval Arabic uses ‘Iraq’ as a geographical term for the area in the south and center of the modern Iraq. Some Arabic sources say that Iraq comes from ⁧عَرِيق(ʕarīq, deep-rooted), from ⁧عِرْق(ʕirq, root), while others say it is from Middle Persian's Middle Persian ˀl'k' (/⁠erāg⁠/, lowlands), due to historic rule from Iraq's plateau-situated neighbor, Persia.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈirak̚]
  • Hyphenation: I‧rak

Proper noun edit

Irak

  1. Iraq (a country in Western Asia, in the Middle East)

See also edit

Further reading edit

Norwegian Bokmål edit

 
Norwegian Bokmål Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nb

Proper noun edit

Irak

  1. Iraq (a country in Western Asia, in the Middle East)

Related terms edit

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Proper noun edit

Irak

  1. Iraq (a country in Western Asia, in the Middle East)

Related terms edit

Polish edit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Pronunciation edit

Proper noun edit

Irak m

  1. Iraq (a country in Western Asia, in the Middle East)

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

adjective
nouns

Further reading edit

  • Irak in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • Irak in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian edit

 
Romanian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ro

Pronunciation edit

Proper noun edit

Irak

  1. Iraq (a country in Western Asia, in the Middle East)

Serbo-Croatian edit

 
Serbo-Croatian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sh

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ǐraːk/
  • Hyphenation: I‧rak

Proper noun edit

Ìrāk m (Cyrillic spelling Ѝра̄к)

  1. Iraq (a country in Western Asia, in the Middle East)

Declension edit

Slovak edit

 
Slovak Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sk

Pronunciation edit

Proper noun edit

Irak m inan (genitive singular Iraku, declension pattern of dub)

  1. Iraq (a country in Western Asia, in the Middle East)

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

  • Irak”, in Slovníkový portál Jazykovedného ústavu Ľ. Štúra SAV [Dictionary portal of the Ľ. Štúr Institute of Linguistics, Slovak Academy of Science] (in Slovak), https://slovnik.juls.savba.sk, 2024

Slovene edit

 
Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sl

Pronunciation edit

Proper noun edit

Irȃk m inan

  1. Iraq (a country in Western Asia, in the Middle East)

Inflection edit

 
The diacritics used in this section of the entry are non-tonal. If you are a native tonal speaker, please help by adding the tonal marks.
Masculine inan., hard o-stem
nominative Irák
genitive Iráka
singular
nominative
(imenovȃlnik)
Irák
genitive
(rodȋlnik)
dative
(dajȃlnik)
accusative
(tožȋlnik)
locative
(mẹ̑stnik)
Iráku
instrumental
(orọ̑dnik)
Irákom

Related terms edit

Spanish edit

 
Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /iˈɾak/ [iˈɾak]
  • Audio:(file)
  • Rhymes: -ak
  • Syllabification: I‧rak

Proper noun edit

Irak m

  1. Iraq (a country in Western Asia, in the Middle East)

Usage notes edit

  • The definite article is optional when referring to Iraq's exonym in Spanish (i.e. el Iraq). In writing, it tends to be preceded by the definite article when spelt with a 'q' and tends to lack the article when spelt with a 'k' although this may vary regionally.

Related terms edit

Swahili edit

Pronunciation edit

Proper noun edit

Irak

  1. Iraq (a country in Western Asia, in the Middle East)

Swedish edit

 
Swedish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sv

Pronunciation edit

Proper noun edit

Irak n (genitive Iraks)

  1. Iraq (a country in Western Asia, in the Middle East)

Derived terms edit

Anagrams edit

Tagalog edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Spanish Irak (Iraq).

Pronunciation edit

  • Hyphenation: I‧rak
  • IPA(key): /ʔiˈɾak/, [ʔɪˈɾak]

Proper noun edit

Irák (Baybayin spelling ᜁᜇᜃ᜔)

  1. Iraq (a country in Western Asia, in the Middle East)

Turkish edit

 
Turkish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia tr

Etymology edit

Inherited from Ottoman Turkishعراق(low country along a river, especially the Tigris), from Arabicالْعِرَاق(al-ʕirāq).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɯːɾɑk/
  • Hyphenation: I‧rak
  • (file)

Proper noun edit

Irak

  1. Iraq (a country in Western Asia, in the Middle East)

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

See also edit

References edit