See also: niger and Níger

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Commonly linked by folk etymology to Latin niger (black), which likely influenced the modern spelling.

Some sources give the term to Tuareg roots, deriving it from a claimed gher n-gheren or egereou n-igereouen (river of rivers).[1][2]

Older sources derive Niger, via a series of mistranslations and geographic misplacements by Greek, Roman and Arab geographers, from Ptolemy's descriptions of the wadi Gir (in modern Algeria) and the "Lower Gir" (or "Ni-Gir") to the south.[3]

PronunciationEdit

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈnaɪ.dʒə(ɹ)/ or, for the country, also /niːˈʒɛə(ɹ)/
  • (General American) enPR: nīʹjər, IPA(key): /ˈnaɪ.dʒɚ/ or, for the country, also enPR: nēzhârʹ, /niːˈʒɛɚ/
    The second pronunciations of the country's name follow how it is pronounced in French, the official language of Niger.[4][5]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aɪdʒə(ɹ), -ɛə(ɹ)

Proper nounEdit

Niger

  1. A country in West Africa, situated to the north of Nigeria. Official name: Republic of Niger.

  2. A major river in West Africa that flows into the Gulf of Guinea in Nigeria.

  3. A state of Nigeria, in the western part of the country north of the Niger River.

HypernymsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ C. K. Meek, The Niger and the Classics: The History of a Name. The Journal of African History. Vol. 1, No. 1 (1960), pp. 1-17
  2. ^ Douglas Harper (2001–2021) , “Niger”, in Online Etymology Dictionary
  3. ^ compare: The Penny Cyclopædia of the Society for the Diffusion of useful Knowledge, vol. 16 (Murillo—Organ), 1840, NIGER, or rather NIGIR
  4. ^ How Do You Pronounce "Niger"? by Avi Zenilman, July 16, 2003, Slate.com
  5. ^ So What Is This Place? by Nicholas D. Kristof, October 11, 2005, New York Times

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


CzechEdit

PronunciationEdit

IPA(key): [ˈnɪɡɛr]

Proper nounEdit

Niger m

  1. Niger (a country in West Africa)
  2. Niger (a major river in West Africa)

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • Niger in Kartotéka Novočeského lexikálního archivu
  • Niger in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

FinnishEdit

 
Finnish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fi

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈniɡer/, [ˈniɡe̞r]
  • Rhymes: -iɡer
  • Syllabification: Ni‧ger

Proper nounEdit

Niger

  1. Niger (a country in West Africa)

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of Niger (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative Niger
genitive Nigerin
partitive Nigeriä
illative Nigeriin
singular plural
nominative Niger
accusative nom. Niger
gen. Nigerin
genitive Nigerin
partitive Nigeriä
inessive Nigerissä
elative Nigeristä
illative Nigeriin
adessive Nigerillä
ablative Nigeriltä
allative Nigerille
essive Nigerinä
translative Nigeriksi
instructive
abessive Nigerittä
comitative
Possessive forms of Niger (type risti)
possessor singular plural
1st person Nigerini Nigerimme
2nd person Nigerisi Nigerinne
3rd person Nigerinsä

Derived termsEdit


FrenchEdit

 
French Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fr

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

Niger m

  1. Niger (a country in West Africa)

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


GermanEdit

 
German Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia de

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

Niger m or n (genitive Nigers)

  1. Niger (a country in West Africa)

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Proper nounEdit

Niger m (genitive Nigers)

  1. Niger (a major river in West Africa)

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit


HungarianEdit

 Niger (country) on Hungarian Wikipedia
 Niger (river) on Hungarian Wikipedia

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈniɡɛr]
  • Hyphenation: Ni‧ger
  • Rhymes: -ɛr

Proper nounEdit

Niger

  1. Niger (a country in West Africa)
  2. Niger (a river in West Africa)

DeclensionEdit

Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative Niger
accusative Nigert
dative Nigernek
instrumental Nigerrel
causal-final Nigerért
translative Nigerré
terminative Nigerig
essive-formal Nigerként
essive-modal
inessive Nigerben
superessive Nigeren
adessive Nigernél
illative Nigerbe
sublative Nigerre
allative Nigerhez
elative Nigerből
delative Nigerről
ablative Nigertől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
Nigeré
non-attributive
possessive - plural
Nigeréi
Possessive forms of Niger
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. Nigerem
2nd person sing. Nigered
3rd person sing. Nigere
Nigerje
1st person plural Nigerünk
2nd person plural Nigeretek
3rd person plural Nigerük
Nigerjük

Derived termsEdit


ItalianEdit

 
Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

Niger m

  1. Niger (a country in West Africa)
  2. Niger (a major river in West Africa)

Derived termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From niger (black, dark).

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

Niger m (genitive Nigrī); second declension

  1. A Roman agnomen, or "nickname"

DeclensionEdit

Second-declension noun (nominative singular in -er).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative Niger Nigrī
Genitive Nigrī Nigrōrum
Dative Nigrō Nigrīs
Accusative Nigrum Nigrōs
Ablative Nigrō Nigrīs
Vocative Niger Nigrī

Proper nounEdit

 
Latin Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia la
 
Latin Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia la

Niger m sg (genitive Nigris); third declension

  1. Niger (a major river in West Africa)
    • 1534, Joachim Vadianus, Epitome trium terrae partium Asiae, Africae et Europae compendiariam...:
      Efficit autem hoc suo flexu, ut etiam ultra Athlantem Africa ad usque Nigrim fluuium excurrat, Plinio & Ptolemaeo.

DeclensionEdit

Third-declension noun, singular only.

Case Singular
Nominative Niger
Genitive Nigris
Dative Nigrī
Accusative Nigrim
Ablative Nigre
Vocative Niger

ReferencesEdit

Further readingEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Proper nounEdit

Niger

  1. Niger (a country in West Africa)

Related termsEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Proper nounEdit

Niger

  1. Niger (a country in West Africa)

Related termsEdit


PolishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

Niger m

  1. Niger (a country in West Africa)
  2. Niger (a major river in West Africa)

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /nîɡer/
  • Hyphenation: Ni‧ger

Proper nounEdit

Nȉger m (Cyrillic spelling Ни̏гер)

  1. Niger (a country in West Africa)
  2. Niger (a major river in West Africa)

DeclensionEdit


SwahiliEdit

 
Swahili Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sw

Proper nounEdit

Niger

  1. Niger (a country in West Africa)

See alsoEdit


SwedishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

Niger n (genitive Nigers)

  1. Niger (a country in West Africa)

AnagramsEdit