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EnglishEdit

 
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"For use by white persons": a sign in English and Afrikaans from the apartheid period.

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Afrikaans apartheid (literally separateness, apartness) (1929 in a South African socio-political context), from Dutch apart (separate) + suffix -heid, cognate of English -hood.

PronunciationEdit

  • (Received Pronunciation, strictly) IPA(key): /əˈpɑːtheɪt/, /əˈpɑːthaɪt/
  • (US, strictly) enPR: ə-pärtʹhīt, IPA(key): /əˈpɑɹthaɪt/
  • (file)
  • (US, alternatively) enPR: ə-pärtʹhāt, IPA(key): /əˈpɑɹtheɪt/
  • (file)
  • Note: the h is very often not pronounced because of the difficulty of following /t/ with /h/, but the sequence is not pronounced as the digraph th (/ð/, /θ/).
  • (US, laxly) enPR: ə-pärʹtīd, IPA(key): /əˈpɑɹ.taɪd/

NounEdit

apartheid (countable and uncountable, plural apartheids)

  1. (South Africa, historical) The policy of racial separation used by South Africa from 1948 to 1990.
    • 1994, Nelson Mandela, Long Walk to Freedom, Abacus 2010, pages 127-8:
      The premise of apartheid was that whites were superior to Africans, Coloureds and Indians, and the function of it was to entrench white supremacy forever.
  2. (by extension) Any similar policy of racial separation/segregation and discrimination.
    • 1963, Justice William O. Douglas, concurring, Lombard v. Louisiana (373 U.S. 267):
      When the doors of a business are open to the public, they must be open to all regardless of race if apartheid is not to become engrained in our public [] .
  3. (by extension) A policy or situation of segregation based on some specified attribute.
    • 2008, Peter Hewitt, Kenya Cowboy: A Police Officer's Account of the Mau Mau Emergency →ISBN, page 64:
      Fifteen minutes drive to the Brown Trout was guaranteed to satisfy my appetite because there, as with other clubs and hotel bars, a form of sex apartheid was practised. The males assembled in the region of the bar and the opposite gender either sat discreetly detached or strayed outside to gossip gaily among themselves.
    • 2009, Moorthy Muthuswamy, Defeating Political Islam: The New Cold War →ISBN, page 120:
      In these annual reports, the religious apartheid practices in India are not mentioned at all.
    • For more examples of usage of this term, see Citations:apartheid.

VerbEdit

apartheid (third-person singular simple present apartheids, present participle apartheiding, simple past and past participle apartheided)

  1. To impose a policy of segregation of groups of people, especially one based on race.
    • 1986, Stanlake John Thompson Samkange, On Trial for that U.D.I.: A Novel, page 79:
      Yes, apartheiding the apartheiders, is what the rest of the world is doing.
    • 1989, Instauration - Volumes 15-16, page 36:
      Whatever the reason the blacks have for "apartheiding" Boston, whites should be all for it.
    • 2003, Mayur K. Lakhani, A Celebration of General Practice, →ISBN, page 183:
      The most deadly of all ghosts are wandering over Britain and medicine, apartheiding people into superiors and nonentities.
    • 2009, Shirley R. Steinberg, Diversity and Multiculturalism: A Reader, →ISBN, page 151:
      Speaking of the resulting apartheiding of British Columbia, Cole Harris observed, "racism was built into the landscape of settlement."
    • 2011, Timothy J. Stanley, Contesting White Supremacy, →ISBN, page 64:
      By 1922, the apartheiding of British Columbia was cemented into a public and private English-language discourse that took for granted how and where one racialized body was placed in relation to another, and in turn how each related to the state system.

AntonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

AnagramsEdit


AfrikaansEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Dutch apartheid.

PronunciationEdit

IPA(key): [ɐˈpartɦɛit]

NounEdit

apartheid (uncountable)

  1. apartheid

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˌaːˈpɑrt.ɦɛi̯t/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: apart‧heid

Etymology 1Edit

From apart (separate, apart) +‎ -heid (-hood).

NounEdit

apartheid f (plural apartheden, diminutive apartheidje n)

  1. the state of being separate; separateness
  2. a characteristic that sets something or someone apart
DescendantsEdit
  • Afrikaans: apartheid

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from Afrikaans apartheid, from Dutch apartheid.

NounEdit

apartheid f (uncountable)

  1. the policy of racial separation used in South Africa from 1948 to 1990; apartheid
  2. (by extension) any similar policy of racial separation
    • 2007 December 13, "Prins Claus en de NCO", Andere Tijden, VPRO.
      In januari 1972 komt een subsidieaanvraag binnen van het Angola Comité voor een boycotactie van koffie afkomstig uit Angola. Het land is in die tijd een provincie van Portugal, dat hardnekkig weigert de voormalige kolonie op te geven. De actie is tegen kolonialisme, rassendiscriminatie en apartheid.
Derived termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


FinnishEdit

 
Finnish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fi

EtymologyEdit

From Afrikaans apartheid (literally separateness, apartness) (1929 in a South African socio-political context), from Dutch apart (separate) + suffix -heid, cognate of English -hood.

NounEdit

apartheid

  1. apartheid

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of apartheid (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative apartheid apartheidit
genitive apartheidin apartheidien
partitive apartheidia apartheideja
illative apartheidiin apartheideihin
singular plural
nominative apartheid apartheidit
accusative nom. apartheid apartheidit
gen. apartheidin
genitive apartheidin apartheidien
partitive apartheidia apartheideja
inessive apartheidissa apartheideissa
elative apartheidista apartheideista
illative apartheidiin apartheideihin
adessive apartheidilla apartheideilla
ablative apartheidilta apartheideilta
allative apartheidille apartheideille
essive apartheidina apartheideina
translative apartheidiksi apartheideiksi
instructive apartheidein
abessive apartheiditta apartheideitta
comitative apartheideineen

Derived termsEdit


FrenchEdit

 
French Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fr

EtymologyEdit

From Afrikaans apartheid (literally separateness, apartness) (1929 in a South African socio-political context), from Dutch apart (separate) + suffix -heid, cognate of English -hood.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /a.paʁ.tɛjd/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: a‧par‧theid

NounEdit

apartheid m (plural apartheid)

  1. (historical) apartheid (racial separation in South Africa from 1948 to 1990)
  2. apartheid (any policy of racial separation)

SynonymsEdit

AnagramsEdit


ItalianEdit

 
Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

EtymologyEdit

From Afrikaans apartheid (literally separateness, apartness) (1929 in a South African socio-political context), from Dutch apart (separate) + suffix -heid, cognate of English -hood.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /a.parˈtai̯d/, [äpär̺ˈt̪äi̯d̪]

NounEdit

apartheid m (invariable)

  1. (historical) apartheid (racial separation in South Africa from 1948 to 1990)
  2. apartheid (any policy of racial separation)

ReferencesEdit

  • apartheid in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Norwegian BokmålEdit

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

EtymologyEdit

From Afrikaans apartheid

NounEdit

apartheid m (definite singular apartheiden, uncountable)

  1. apartheid

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

EtymologyEdit

From Afrikaans apartheid

NounEdit

apartheid m (definite singular apartheiden, uncountable)

  1. apartheid

ReferencesEdit


PolishEdit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

EtymologyEdit

From Afrikaans apartheid.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /aˈpar.txajt/, /aˈpar.txɛjt/
  • (file)

NounEdit

apartheid m inan

  1. (politics) apartheid

DeclensionEdit

Further readingEdit


PortugueseEdit

NounEdit

apartheid m (plural apartheids)

  1. (historical) apartheid (policy of racial separation in South Africa)
  2. apartheid (any policy of racial separation)

SpanishEdit

 
Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

EtymologyEdit

From Afrikaans apartheid (literally separateness, apartness) (1929 in a South African socio-political context), from Dutch apart (separate) + suffix -heid, cognate of English -hood.

NounEdit

apartheid m (plural apartheids or apartheid)

  1. (historical) apartheid (racial separation in South Africa from 1948 to 1990)
  2. apartheid (any policy of racial separation)