See also: Film

English edit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology edit

From Middle English filme, from Old English filmen (film, membrane, thin skin, foreskin), from Proto-West Germanic *filmīn-, from Proto-Germanic *filmīn- (thin skin, membrane) (compare Proto-Germanic *felma- (skin, hide)), from Proto-Indo-European *pél-mo- (membrane), from *pel- (to cover, skin). Cognate with Old Frisian filmene (thin skin, human skin), Middle Dutch velm, vilm (fleece, film, membrane), Old High German felm (peel, skin, wrap), Old English *felma (in ǣġerfelma (egg membrane)). Related also to Dutch vel (sheet, skin), German Fell (skin, hide, fur), Swedish fjäll (fur blanket, cloth, scale), Norwegian fille (rag, cloth), Lithuanian plėvē (membrane, scab), Russian плева́ (plevá, membrane), Ancient Greek πέλμα (pélma, sole of the foot). More at fell. Sense of a thin coat of something is 1577, extended by 1845 to the coating of chemical gel on photographic plates. By 1895 this also meant the coating plus the paper or celluloid.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /fɪlm/, [fɪɫm]
    • (file)
  • (North East England, Ireland) IPA(key): [ˈfɪlm̩], [ˈfɪləm]

Noun edit

film (countable and uncountable, plural films)

  1. A thin layer of some substance; a pellicle; a membranous covering, causing opacity.
    a clear plastic film for wrapping food
    • 1712 (date written), Alexander Pope, “Messiah. A Sacred Eclogue, in Imitation of Virgil’s Pollio.”, in The Works of Alexander Pope Esq. [], volume I, London: [] J[ohn] and P[aul] Knapton, H. Lintot, J[acob] and R[ichard] Tonson, and S. Draper, published 1751, →OCLC, page 40, lines 39–40:
      He from thick films ſhall purge the viſual ray, / And on the ſightleſs eye-ball pour the day: []
  2. (photography) A medium used to capture images in a camera.
  3. (uncountable) A visual art form that consists of a sequence of still images preserved on a recording medium to give the illusion of motion; movies generally.
    • 2014 March 3, Zoe Alderton, “‘Snapewives’ and ‘Snapeism’: A Fiction-Based Religion within the Harry Potter Fandom”, in Religions[1], volume 5, number 1, MDPI, →DOI, pages 219–257:
      Despite personal schisms and differences in spiritual experience, there is a very coherent theology of Snape shared between the wives. To examine this manifestation of religious fandom, I will first discuss the canon scepticism and anti-Rowling sentiment that helps to contextualise the wider belief in Snape as a character who extends beyond book and film.
  4. (countable) The sequence of still images itself; a movie.
  5. A slender thread, such as that of a cobweb.

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

Translations edit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb edit

film (third-person singular simple present films, present participle filming, simple past and past participle filmed)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) To record (activity, or a motion picture) on photographic film.
    A Hollywood studio was filming on location in NYC.
    I tried to film the UFO as it passed overhead.
    • 2021 June 30, Tim Dunn, “How we made... Secrets of the London Underground”, in RAIL, number 934, pages 49–50:
      It was truly one of the most horrific filming experiences of my career there, contrasting neatly with some of the best of my career - filming in various off-limits storerooms at LTM's Acton Depot.
  2. (transitive, intransitive) To visually record (activity, or a motion picture) in general, with or without sound.
  3. (transitive) To cover or become covered with a thin skin or pellicle.

Translations edit

Anagrams edit

Afrikaans edit

Etymology edit

From Dutch film, from English film, or borrowed from English film.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

film (plural films)

  1. film

Albanian edit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology edit

Borrowed from French film, from English film.

Noun edit

film m (plural filma, definite filmi, definite plural filmat)

  1. film
  2. movie

Declension edit

Azerbaijani edit

Other scripts
Cyrillic филм
Abjad فیلم

Etymology edit

Ultimately from English film.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

film (definite accusative filmi, plural filmlər)

  1. film, movie
    Synonym: kino
    sənədli filmdocumentary film
    bədii filmfeature film
    film çəkməkto shoot a movie
    film çəkilişifilm set, movie-making
    film nümayişifilm screening

Declension edit

    Declension of film
singular plural
nominative film
filmlər
definite accusative filmi
filmləri
dative filmə
filmlərə
locative filmdə
filmlərdə
ablative filmdən
filmlərdən
definite genitive filmin
filmlərin
    Possessive forms of film
nominative
singular plural
mənim (my) filmim filmlərim
sənin (your) filmin filmlərin
onun (his/her/its) filmi filmləri
bizim (our) filmimiz filmlərimiz
sizin (your) filminiz filmləriniz
onların (their) filmi or filmləri filmləri
accusative
singular plural
mənim (my) filmimi filmlərimi
sənin (your) filmini filmlərini
onun (his/her/its) filmini filmlərini
bizim (our) filmimizi filmlərimizi
sizin (your) filminizi filmlərinizi
onların (their) filmini or filmlərini filmlərini
dative
singular plural
mənim (my) filmimə filmlərimə
sənin (your) filminə filmlərinə
onun (his/her/its) filminə filmlərinə
bizim (our) filmimizə filmlərimizə
sizin (your) filminizə filmlərinizə
onların (their) filminə or filmlərinə filmlərinə
locative
singular plural
mənim (my) filmimdə filmlərimdə
sənin (your) filmində filmlərində
onun (his/her/its) filmində filmlərində
bizim (our) filmimizdə filmlərimizdə
sizin (your) filminizdə filmlərinizdə
onların (their) filmində or filmlərində filmlərində
ablative
singular plural
mənim (my) filmimdən filmlərimdən
sənin (your) filmindən filmlərindən
onun (his/her/its) filmindən filmlərindən
bizim (our) filmimizdən filmlərimizdən
sizin (your) filminizdən filmlərinizdən
onların (their) filmindən or filmlərindən filmlərindən
genitive
singular plural
mənim (my) filmimin filmlərimin
sənin (your) filminin filmlərinin
onun (his/her/its) filminin filmlərinin
bizim (our) filmimizin filmlərimizin
sizin (your) filminizin filmlərinizin
onların (their) filminin or filmlərinin filmlərinin

Catalan edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English film.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

film m (plural films)

  1. film (a movie)
    Synonym: pel·lícula

Related terms edit

Further reading edit

Crimean Tatar edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English film.

Noun edit

film

  1. film (clarification of this definition is needed)

Declension edit

References edit

  • Mirjejev, V. A.; Usejinov, S. M. (2002) Ukrajinsʹko-krymsʹkotatarsʹkyj slovnyk [Ukrainian – Crimean Tatar Dictionary]‎[2], Simferopol: Dolya, →ISBN

Czech edit

 
Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English film.[1]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

film m inan

  1. (photography) film
  2. movie, film, motion picture

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ Rejzek, Jiří (2015), “film”, in Český etymologický slovník [Czech Etymological Dictionary] (in Czech), 3rd (revised and expanded) edition, Praha: LEDA, →ISBN

Further reading edit

  • film in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • film in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Danish edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

film c (singular definite filmen, plural indefinite film)

  1. a movie, a film, motion picture
  2. film; a thin layer
  3. plural indefinite of film

Inflection edit

Derived terms edit

Dutch edit

 
Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English film.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

film m (plural films, diminutive filmpje n)

  1. A film, thin layer or membrane; especially the physical medium film.
  2. A film production, movie
  3. (uncountable) The movie sector, cinema.

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Caribbean Hindustani: felam
  • Caribbean Javanese: film

Estonian edit

Etymology edit

German Film.

Noun edit

film (genitive filmi, partitive filmi)

  1. film (motion picture)
  2. photographic film

Declension edit

Declension of film (ÕS type 22e/riik, length gradation)
singular plural
nominative film filmid
accusative nom.
gen. filmi
genitive filmide
partitive filmi filme
filmisid
illative filmi
filmisse
filmidesse
filmesse
inessive filmis filmides
filmes
elative filmist filmidest
filmest
allative filmile filmidele
filmele
adessive filmil filmidel
filmel
ablative filmilt filmidelt
filmelt
translative filmiks filmideks
filmeks
terminative filmini filmideni
essive filmina filmidena
abessive filmita filmideta
comitative filmiga filmidega

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

French edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English film.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

film m (plural films)

  1. movie, film

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

Further reading edit

German edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

film

  1. singular imperative of filmen

Hungarian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English film.[1]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

film (countable and uncountable, plural filmek)

  1. (photography) film (a medium used to capture images in a camera)
  2. film, movie, motion picture, picture (a recorded sequence of images displayed on a screen at a rate sufficiently fast to create the appearance of motion)
  3. film, cinematic art, cinema, cinematography (the art of making films and movies)

Declension edit

Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative film filmek
accusative filmet filmeket
dative filmnek filmeknek
instrumental filmmel filmekkel
causal-final filmért filmekért
translative filmmé filmekké
terminative filmig filmekig
essive-formal filmként filmekként
essive-modal
inessive filmben filmekben
superessive filmen filmeken
adessive filmnél filmeknél
illative filmbe filmekbe
sublative filmre filmekre
allative filmhez filmekhez
elative filmből filmekből
delative filmről filmekről
ablative filmtől filmektől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
filmé filmeké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
filméi filmekéi
Possessive forms of film
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. filmem filmjeim
2nd person sing. filmed filmjeid
3rd person sing. filmje filmjei
1st person plural filmünk filmjeink
2nd person plural filmetek filmjeitek
3rd person plural filmjük filmjeik

Derived terms edit

Compound words with this term at the beginning
Compound words with this term at the end

References edit

  1. ^ Tótfalusi, István. Idegenszó-tár: Idegen szavak értelmező és etimológiai szótára (’A Storehouse of Foreign Words: an explanatory and etymological dictionary of foreign words’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2005. →ISBN

Further reading edit

  • film in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Indonesian edit

 
Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Etymology edit

From earlier pilem, from Dutch film, from English film.

Pronunciation edit

  • (standard) IPA(key): [ˈfɪlm]
  • (Betawi) IPA(key): /ˈfɪl(ə)m/, /ˈpeləm/

Noun edit

film (first-person possessive filmku, second-person possessive filmmu, third-person possessive filmnya)

  1. film,
    1. a thin layer of some substance; a pellicle; a membranous covering, causing opacity.
    2. (photography) a medium used to capture images in a camera.
    3. a movie, a motion picture, a recorded sequence of images displayed on a screen at a rate sufficiently fast to create the appearance of motion.

Alternative forms edit

Affixed terms edit

Further reading edit

Italian edit

Etymology edit

Unadapted borrowing from English film.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈfilm/
  • Rhymes: -ilm
  • Hyphenation: fìlm

Noun edit

film m (invariable)

  1. film, movie
    Synonym: pellicola
    Guardi dei film?Do you watch movies?

Derived terms edit

See also edit

Further reading edit

  • film in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Javanese edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Dutch film.

Noun edit

film

  1. film

Further reading edit

  • The Linguistic Center of Yogyakarta (2015), “film”, in Kamus Basa Jawa (Bausastra Jawa) [Javanese Language Dictionary (Javanese Dictionary)] (in Javanese), Yogyakarta: Kanisius, →ISBN


Kashubian edit

 
Kashubian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia csb

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Polish film.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈfʲilm/
  • Syllabification: film

Noun edit

film m inan (related adjective filmòwi)

  1. movie, film, motion picture

Derived terms edit

verbs

Further reading edit

  • Jan Trepczyk (1994), “film”, in Słownik polsko-kaszubski, volume 1-2
  • Eùgeniusz Gòłąbk (2011), “film”, in Słownik Polsko-Kaszubski / Słowôrz Pòlskò-Kaszëbsczi
  • film”, in Internetowi Słowôrz Kaszëbsczégò Jãzëka [Internet Dictionary of the Kashubian Language], Fundacja Kaszuby, 2022

Masurian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Polish film.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈfilm]
  • Syllabification: film

Noun edit

film m inan

  1. movie, film, motion picture

Further reading edit

  • Zofia Stamirowska (1987-2021), “film”, in Anna Basara, editor, Słownik gwar Ostródzkiego, Warmii i Mazur, volume 2, Zakład Narodowy im. Ossolińskich Wydawnictwo Polskiej Akademii Nauk, →ISBN, page 212

Norman edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English film.

Noun edit

film m (plural films)

  1. (Jersey) movie, film

Norwegian Bokmål edit

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Noun edit

film m (definite singular filmen, indefinite plural filmer, definite plural filmene)

  1. a film (for taking photographs in a camera)
  2. a film (thin material, layer or coating)
  3. a film, movie (cinematic production)

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Verb edit

film

  1. imperative of filme

References edit

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Noun edit

film m (definite singular filmen, indefinite plural filmar, definite plural filmane)

  1. a film (for taking photographs in a camera)
  2. a film (thin material, layer or coating)
  3. a film, movie (cinematic production)

Derived terms edit

References edit

Polish edit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English film.[1][2][3] First attested in the 19th century.[4][5]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

film m inan (diminutive filmik, related adjective filmowy)

  1. film, movie, motion picture (series of pictures creating the illusion of motion)
  2. film (art of creating such a series of pictures)
    Synonyms: dziesiąta muza, kino
  3. film (material on which such a series of pictures are recorded)
  4. (photography) film, photographic film
    Synonyms: błona, klisza, taśma filmowa
  5. (engineering, sciences) film (thin layer of some substance; a pellicle; a membranous covering, causing opacity)

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

adverbs
nouns
verbs
verbs

Related terms edit

adjectives
adverbs
nouns

Descendants edit

Trivia edit

According to Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej (1990), film is one of the most used words in Polish, appearing 7 times in scientific texts, 44 times in news, 31 times in essays, 6 times in fiction, and 15 times in plays, each out of a corpus of 100,000 words, totaling 103 times, making it the 602nd most common word in a corpus of 500,000 words.[6]

References edit

  1. ^ Stanisław Dubisz, editor (2003), “film”, in Uniwersalny słownik języka polskiego [Universal dictionary of the Polish language] (in Polish), volume 1-4, Warsaw: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN SA, →ISBN
  2. ^ Bańkowski, Andrzej (2000), “film”, in Etymologiczny słownik języka polskiego [Etymological Dictionary of the Polish Language] (in Polish)
  3. ^ Witold Doroszewski, editor (1958–1969), “film”, in Słownik języka polskiego (in Polish), Warszawa: PWN
  4. ^ J. Karłowicz, A. Kryński, W. Niedźwiedzki, editors (1900), “film”, in Słownik języka polskiego (in Polish), volume 1, Warsaw, page 742
  5. ^ film in Narodowy Fotokorpus Języka Polskiego
  6. ^ Ida Kurcz (1990), “film”, in Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej [Frequency dictionary of the Polish language] (in Polish), volume 1, Kraków; Warszawa: Polska Akademia Nauk. Instytut Języka Polskiego, page 117

Further reading edit

  • film in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • film in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese edit

Noun edit

film m (plural filmes)

  1. Superseded spelling of filme.

Romanian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from French film or German Film, from English film.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

film n (plural filme)

  1. movie, film

Declension edit

References edit

Scottish Gaelic edit

Etymology edit

From English film, from Middle English filme, from Old English filmen (film, membrane, thin skin, foreskin), from Proto-Germanic *filminją (thin skin, membrane), from Proto-Indo-European *pél-mo- (membrane), from *pel- (to cover, skin).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

film m (genitive singular film, plural filmichean)

  1. film, movie

Mutation edit

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
film fhilm
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Serbo-Croatian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English film.

Noun edit

fȉlm m (Cyrillic spelling фи̏лм)

  1. film (photography)
  2. film (motion picture)

Declension edit

Silesian edit

 
Silesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia szl

Etymology edit

Borrowed from German Film.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈfilm/
  • Rhymes: -ilm
  • Syllabification: film

Noun edit

film m inan

  1. film, movie, motion picture
  2. (photography) film, photographic film

Declension edit

Related terms edit

adjectives
adverbs
nouns
verbs

    Further reading edit

    Slovak edit

    Etymology edit

    Borrowed from English film.[1]

    Pronunciation edit

    Noun edit

    film m inan (genitive singular filmu, nominative plural filmy, genitive plural filmov, declension pattern of dub)

    1. photographic film
    2. movie, motion picture

    Declension edit

    Derived terms edit

    References edit

    1. ^ Králik, Ľubor (2016), “film”, in Stručný etymologický slovník slovenčiny [Concise Etymological Dictionary of Slovak] (in Slovak), Bratislava: VEDA; JÚĽŠ SAV, →ISBN

    Further reading edit

    • film”, in Slovníkový portál Jazykovedného ústavu Ľ. Štúra SAV [Dictionary portal of the Ľ. Štúr Institute of Linguistics, Slovak Academy of Science] (in Slovak), https://slovnik.juls.savba.sk, 2024

    Spanish edit

    Etymology edit

    Borrowed from English film.

    Pronunciation edit

    • IPA(key): /ˈfilm/ [ˈfilm]
    • Rhymes: -ilm
    • Syllabification: film

    Noun edit

    film m (plural films)

    1. Alternative spelling of filme (film, motion picture)

    Further reading edit

    Swedish edit

     
    Swedish Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia sv

    Pronunciation edit

    Noun edit

    film c

    1. film; a thin layer
    2. film; medium used to capture images in a camera
    3. a movie

    Declension edit

    Declension of film 
    Singular Plural
    Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
    Nominative film filmen filmer filmerna
    Genitive films filmens filmers filmernas

    Related terms edit

    References edit

    Turkish edit

    Etymology edit

    Borrowed from French film, from English film.

    Pronunciation edit

    Noun edit

    film (definite accusative filmi, plural filmler)

    1. a medium used to capture images in a camera
    2. a movie
    3. a thin layer

    Declension edit

    Inflection
    Nominative film
    Definite accusative filmi
    Singular Plural
    Nominative film filmler
    Definite accusative filmi filmleri
    Dative filme filmlere
    Locative filmde filmlerde
    Ablative filmden filmlerden
    Genitive filmin filmlerin
    Possessive forms
    Nominative
    Singular Plural
    1st singular filmim filmlerim
    2nd singular filmin filmlerin
    3rd singular filmi filmleri
    1st plural filmimiz filmlerimiz
    2nd plural filminiz filmleriniz
    3rd plural filmleri filmleri
    Definite accusative
    Singular Plural
    1st singular filmimi filmlerimi
    2nd singular filmini filmlerini
    3rd singular filmini filmlerini
    1st plural filmimizi filmlerimizi
    2nd plural filminizi filmlerinizi
    3rd plural filmlerini filmlerini
    Dative
    Singular Plural
    1st singular filmime filmlerime
    2nd singular filmine filmlerine
    3rd singular filmine filmlerine
    1st plural filmimize filmlerimize
    2nd plural filminize filmlerinize
    3rd plural filmlerine filmlerine
    Locative
    Singular Plural
    1st singular filmimde filmlerimde
    2nd singular filminde filmlerinde
    3rd singular filminde filmlerinde
    1st plural filmimizde filmlerimizde
    2nd plural filminizde filmlerinizde
    3rd plural filmlerinde filmlerinde
    Ablative
    Singular Plural
    1st singular filmimden filmlerimden
    2nd singular filminden filmlerinden
    3rd singular filminden filmlerinden
    1st plural filmimizden filmlerimizden
    2nd plural filminizden filmlerinizden
    3rd plural filmlerinden filmlerinden
    Genitive
    Singular Plural
    1st singular filmimin filmlerimin
    2nd singular filminin filmlerinin
    3rd singular filminin filmlerinin
    1st plural filmimizin filmlerimizin
    2nd plural filminizin filmlerinizin
    3rd plural filmlerinin filmlerinin

    Derived terms edit

    1. " streç film" — Light, transparent plastic film used as a wrapping for food etc. —"clingfilm", Saran Wrap (US)

    Uzbek edit

     
    Uzbek Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia uz

    Etymology edit

    From Russian фильм (filʹm), from English film.

    Noun edit

    film (plural filmlar)

    1. film, movie, motion picture
      Synonyms: kino, kinofilm, kartina

    Declension edit

    Related terms edit