From Middle English broken, from Old English brocen, ġebrocen, from Proto-Germanic *brukanaz, past participle of Proto-Germanic *brekaną (“to break”). Cognate with Dutch gebroken (“broken”), German Low German broken (“broken”), German gebrochen (“broken”).
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈbɹoʊ.kɪn/, /ˈbɹoʊ.kən/
Audio (US) (file)
- (Received Pronunciation) enPR: brōk'ən, IPA(key): /ˈbɹəʊ.kən/
- Rhymes: -əʊkən
- Fragmented; in separate pieces.
- 2022 September 15, 2:33 from the start, in President Zelensky visits frontline as Ukraine reclaims more territory - BBC News, BBC News, archived from the original on 15 September 2022:
- Local people say there were Russian and Chechen forces here. […] Over here on the wall, one interesting detail- a single word, which someone has written in broken English: "Sori".
- (of a bone or body part) Fractured; having the bone in pieces.
- My arm is broken!
- the ground was littered with broken bones
- One recent morning the team had to replace a broken weather research station.
- (of skin) Split or ruptured.
- A dog bit my leg and now the skin is broken.
- (of a line) Dashed; made up of short lines with small gaps between each one and the next.
- (of sleep) Interrupted; not continuous.
- (meteorology, of the sky) Five-eighths to seven-eighths obscured by clouds; incompletely covered by clouds.
- Tomorrow: broken skies.
- (of a melody) Having periods of silence scattered throughout; not regularly continuous.
- (of a promise, etc) Breached; violated; not kept.
- broken promises of neutrality
- broken vows
- the broken covenant
- Non-functional; not functioning properly.
- I think my doorbell is broken.
- (of an electronic connection) Disconnected, no longer open or carrying traffic.
- (software, informal) Badly designed or implemented.
- This is the most broken application I've seen in a long time.
- (of language) Grammatically non-standard, especially as a result of being produced by a non-native speaker.
- 1925 July – 1926 May, A[rthur] Conan Doyle, “(please specify the chapter number)”, in The Land of Mist (eBook no. 0601351h.html), Australia: Project Gutenberg Australia, published April 2019:
- His conversation was in French with Mailey and Roxton, who both spoke the language well, but he had to fall back upon broken English with Malone, who could only utter still more broken French in reply.
- 1979, “Broken English”, performed by Marianne Faithfull:
- Don't say it in Russian / Don't say it in German / Say it in broken English
- (colloquial, US, of a situation) Not having gone in the way intended; saddening.
- Oh man! That is just broken!
- (of a person) Completely defeated and dispirited; shattered; destroyed.
- The bankruptcy and divorce, together with the death of his son, left him completely broken.
- Having no money; bankrupt, broke.
- (The addition of quotations indicative of this usage is being sought:)
- (of land) Uneven.
- 2005, Will Cook, Until Darkness Disappears, page 54:
- All that day they rode into broken land. The prairie with its grass and rolling hills was behind them, and they entered a sparse, dry, rocky country, full of draws and short cañons and ominous buttresses.
- (sports and gaming, of a tactic or option) Overpowered; overly powerful; too powerful.
- (fragmented—bone, objects et al): burst, split; see also Thesaurus:broken
- (fragmented—line, sleep et al): intermittent, spasmodic; see also Thesaurus:discontinuous
- (not kept): violated
- (non-functional): borked, malfunctioning; see also Thesaurus:out of order
- (completely defeated): rekt
- (having no money): destitute, skint; see also Thesaurus:impoverished
- (uneven land):
- (overpowered): OP, unbalanced
Derived terms Edit
- a broken clock is right twice a day
- broken arrow
- broken bar
- broken bird
- Broken Bow
- broken breast
- broken Britain
- broken by design
- broken chord
- broken clock is right twice a day
- broken consort
- broken down
- broken English
- broken field
- broken heart
- brokenhearted, broken-hearted
- broken heart syndrome
- Broken Hill
- broken home
- broken in
- broken language
- broken man
- broken number
- broken plural
- broken record
- broken reed
- broken rhyme
- broken skin
- broken source
- broken time
- broken vessel
- broken wind
- broken windows policing
- broken windows theory
- broken window theory
- if it ain't broken, don't fix it
- Landolt broken ring
- the pitcher goes so often to the well that it is broken at last
- trans broken arm syndrome
- broken glass
- broken vase
- broken cup
- broken mirror
- broken window
- broken bone
- broken wing
- broken leg
- broken arm
- broken hand
- broken foot
- broken egg
- broken tool
- broken sword
- broken column
- broken road
- broken bridge
- broken stick
- broken device
- broken machine
- broken camera
- broken TV
- broken car
- broken computer
- broken land
- broken circle
- broken heart
- broken promise
- broken vow
- broken law
- broken trust
- broken dream
- broken relationship
- broken friendship
- broken love
- broken family
- broken marriage
- broken bond
- broken tie
- broken silence
- broken image
- broken language
- broken spirit
- broken soul
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
Further reading Edit
- “broken”, in OneLook Dictionary Search.