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EnglishEdit

 
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Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English corrupten, borrowed from Old French corropt, from Latin corruptus, past participle of corrumpō, corrumpere (to destroy, ruin, injure, spoil, corrupt, bribe), from com- (together) + rumpere (to break in pieces).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /kəˈɹʌpt/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ʌpt

AdjectiveEdit

corrupt (comparative more corrupt, superlative most corrupt)

  1. In a depraved state; debased; perverted; morally degenerate; weak in morals.
    The government here is corrupt, so we'll emigrate to escape them.
  2. Abounding in errors; not genuine or correct; in an invalid state.
    The text of the manuscript is corrupt.
    It turned out that the program was corrupt - that's why it wouldn't open.
  3. In a putrid state; spoiled; tainted; vitiated; unsound.
    • (Can we date this quote by Knolles and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Who with such corrupt and pestilent bread would feed them.

Usage notesEdit

  • Nouns to which "corrupt" is often applied: practice, state, country, nation, regime, city, government, person, man, politician, leader, mayor, judge, member, minister, file, database, document, woman.

QuotationsEdit

SynonymsEdit

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

corrupt (third-person singular simple present corrupts, present participle corrupting, simple past and past participle corrupted)

  1. (transitive) To make corrupt; to change from good to bad; to draw away from the right path; to deprave; to pervert.
    Don't you dare corrupt my son with those disgusting pictures!
  2. (intransitive) To become putrid or tainted; to putrefy; to rot.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Francis Bacon to this entry?)
    • 1732, George Smith, Institutiones Chirurgicæ: or, Principles of Surgery, [...] To which is Annexed, a Chirurgical Dispensatory, [...], London: Printed [by William Bowyer] for Henry Lintot, at the Cross-Keys against St. Dunstan's Church in Fleetstreet, OCLC 745299684, page 254:
      [] Lanfrank takes Notice of Tract. 3. Doct. 3. cap. 18. ſaying, "I have ſeen many who being full of Humours, have made an Iſſue under the Knee, before due Purgation had been premis'd; whence, by reaſon of the too great Defluxion of Humours, the Legs tumified, ſo that the cauterized Place corrupted, and a Cancer (or rather cacoethic Ulcer) was thereby made, with which great Difficulty was cur'd."
  3. To debase or render impure by alterations or innovations; to falsify.
    to corrupt language, or a holy text
  4. To waste, spoil, or consume; to make worthless.
    • Bible, Matthew vi. 19
      Lay not up for yourselves treasures upon earth, where moth and rust doth corrupt.

TranslationsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin corruptus or from Middle French corrupt.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /kɔˈrʏpt/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: cor‧rupt

AdjectiveEdit

corrupt (comparative corrupter, superlative corruptst)

  1. corrupt (lacking integrity, being prone to discriminating, open to bribes, etc.)
  2. (textual criticism) corrupt (containing (many) errors)
  3. deprave, morally corrupt

InflectionEdit

Inflection of corrupt
uninflected corrupt
inflected corrupte
comparative corrupter
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial corrupt corrupter het corruptst
het corruptste
indefinite m./f. sing. corrupte corruptere corruptste
n. sing. corrupt corrupter corruptste
plural corrupte corruptere corruptste
definite corrupte corruptere corruptste
partitive corrupts corrupters

Related termsEdit


Middle FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin corruptus.

AdjectiveEdit

corrupt m (feminine singular corrupte, masculine plural corrupts, feminine plural corruptes)

  1. corrupt (impure; not in its original form)