Open main menu



From Middle High German [Term?]


  • IPA(key): /fɛɐ̯ˈdɛʁbən/
  • Hyphenation: ver‧der‧ben
  • Homophone: Verderben
  • (file)


verderben (class 3 strong, third-person singular simple present verdirbt, past tense verdarb, past participle verdorben, past subjunctive verdürbe, auxiliary haben or sein)

  1. (transitive, with haben) to deprive (someone) of (something); to rob (someone) of (some feeling)
  2. (transitive, with haben) to ruin; to render (something) useless; to corrupt; to spoil
  3. (intransitive, usually of food, with sein) to spoil; to rot; to perish
  4. (intransitive, with sein) to be offensive; to live sinfully

Usage notesEdit

In most contexts, the verb has strong conjugation. However, it has weak conjugation when referring to a written document: Der Text ist verderbt – The text is corrupted. (Chiefly, only the past participle is used in this sense.) Also, in archaic German, verderbt could be used in other senses as well.


Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit