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Contraction of *dēhibeō, from dē- +‎ habeō (have). See the same contraction in dēbilis.


  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈdeː.be.oː/
  • (file)


dēbeō (present infinitive dēbēre, perfect active dēbuī, supine dēbitum); second conjugation

  1. to have or keep from someone
  2. to owe something, to be under obligation to and for something
  3. to be bound, in duty bound to do something; "I ought", "I must", "I should"


   Conjugation of debeo (second conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present dēbeō dēbēs dēbet dēbēmus dēbētis dēbent
imperfect dēbēbam dēbēbās dēbēbat dēbēbāmus dēbēbātis dēbēbant
future dēbēbō dēbēbis dēbēbit dēbēbimus dēbēbitis dēbēbunt
perfect dēbuī dēbuistī dēbuit dēbuimus dēbuistis dēbuērunt, dēbuēre
pluperfect dēbueram dēbuerās dēbuerat dēbuerāmus dēbuerātis dēbuerant
future perfect dēbuerō dēbueris dēbuerit dēbuerimus dēbueritis dēbuerint
passive present dēbeor dēbēris, dēbēre dēbētur dēbēmur dēbēminī dēbentur
imperfect dēbēbar dēbēbāris, dēbēbāre dēbēbātur dēbēbāmur dēbēbāminī dēbēbantur
future dēbēbor dēbēberis, dēbēbere dēbēbitur dēbēbimur dēbēbiminī dēbēbuntur
perfect dēbitus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect dēbitus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect dēbitus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present dēbeam dēbeās dēbeat dēbeāmus dēbeātis dēbeant
imperfect dēbērem dēbērēs dēbēret dēbērēmus dēbērētis dēbērent
perfect dēbuerim dēbuerīs dēbuerit dēbuerimus dēbueritis dēbuerint
pluperfect dēbuissem dēbuissēs dēbuisset dēbuissēmus dēbuissētis dēbuissent
passive present dēbear dēbeāris, dēbeāre dēbeātur dēbeāmur dēbeāminī dēbeantur
imperfect dēbērer dēbērēris, dēbērēre dēbērētur dēbērēmur dēbērēminī dēbērentur
perfect dēbitus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect dēbitus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present dēbē dēbēte
future dēbētō dēbētō dēbētōte dēbentō
passive present dēbēre dēbēminī
future dēbētor dēbētor dēbentor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives dēbēre dēbuisse dēbitūrus esse dēbērī dēbitus esse dēbitum īrī
participles dēbēns dēbitūrus dēbitus dēbendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
dēbēre dēbendī dēbendō dēbendum dēbitum dēbitū

Derived termsEdit






From Proto-Slavic *debelъ.


  • IPA(key): /děbeo/
  • Hyphenation: de‧be‧o


dèbeo (definite dèbelī, comparative dȅbljī, Cyrillic spelling дѐбео)

  1. fat
  2. thick