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DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch dienen, from Old Dutch thienon, from Proto-Germanic *þewanōną.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈdinə(n)/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -inən

VerbEdit

dienen

  1. (transitive) to serve
  2. (auxiliary, with te) to ought to, to be to, be expected to
    Melk dient gekoeld bewaard te blijven.
    Milk is to be kept cooled.

InflectionEdit

Inflection of dienen (weak)
infinitive dienen
past singular diende
past participle gediend
infinitive dienen
gerund dienen n
present tense past tense
1st person singular dien diende
2nd person sing. (jij) dient diende
2nd person sing. (u) dient diende
2nd person sing. (gij) dient diende
3rd person singular dient diende
plural dienen dienden
subjunctive sing.1 diene diende
subjunctive plur.1 dienen dienden
imperative sing. dien
imperative plur.1 dient
participles dienend gediend
1) Archaic.

Derived termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old High German dionōn, from Proto-Germanic *þeunōną.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

dienen (third-person singular simple present dient, past tense diente, past participle gedient, auxiliary haben)

  1. to serve [+dative]

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit


Middle DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Dutch thienon, from Proto-Germanic *þewanōną.

VerbEdit

dienen

  1. to serve, to obey
  2. to be in service of
  3. to serve (food)
  4. to help, to take care of
  5. to provide with

InflectionEdit

Weak
Infinitive dienen
3rd sg. past
3rd pl. past
Past participle
Infinitive dienen
In genitive dienens
In dative dienene
Indicative Present Past
1st singular diene
2nd singular diens, dienes
3rd singular dient, dienet
1st plural dienen
2nd plural dient, dienet
3rd plural dienen
Subjunctive Present Past
1st singular diene
2nd singular diens, dienes
3rd singular diene
1st plural dienen
2nd plural dient, dienet
3rd plural dienen
Imperative Present
Singular dien, diene
Plural dient, dienet
Present Past
Participle dienende

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • dienen (II)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • dienen”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929

SwedishEdit

NounEdit

dienen

  1. definite singular of dien