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DanishEdit

AdjectiveEdit

dunkel (neuter dunkelt, plural and definite singular attributive dunkle, comparative dunklere, superlative (predicative) dunklest, superlative (attributive) dunkleste)

  1. dark (with connotations of sinisterness)

GermanEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German tunkel, from Old High German tunkal, tuncal (dark), from Proto-Germanic *dunkalaz (dark), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰengw- (to smoke, fume). The modern consonantism is Central and Low German (compare Middle Low German dunker, also dunkel). Cognate to Dutch donker (dark).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈdʊŋkəl/, [ˈdʊŋkəl], [ˈdʊŋkl̩]
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AdjectiveEdit

dunkel (comparative dunkler, superlative am dunkelsten)

  1. (of light) dark
    Antonym: hell
    Im Winter wird es früher dunkel.
    In the winter, it gets dark earlier.
    Das dunkle Rot gefällt mir besser.
    I like the dark red better.
  2. (of sound) deep
    Synonym: tief
    Antonyms: hell, hoch
    Er hat schon eine ganz dunkle Stimme.
    He’s already got a very deep voice.

DeclensionEdit

  • With contractions (normal form):
  • Without contractions (now nonstandard and extremely rare):

Derived termsEdit

VerbEdit

dunkel

  1. First-person singular present of dunkeln.
  2. Imperative singular of dunkeln.

Further readingEdit


Pennsylvania GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Compare German dunkel, Dutch donker.

AdjectiveEdit

dunkel

  1. dark

SynonymsEdit


PlautdietschEdit

AdjectiveEdit

dunkel

  1. dark
  2. cloudy
  3. bleak
  4. dim
  5. murky
  6. obscure
  7. sombre

Derived termsEdit