Alternative formsEdit


From ex + cieō ‎(stir).



exciō ‎(present infinitive excīre, perfect active excīvī, supine excitum); fourth conjugation

  1. I call or bring out or forth, summon
  2. I produce, cause.
  3. I rouse, excite, start, stir.
  4. I frighten, terrify.


  • The fourth principal part also appears short as excītum.
   Conjugation of excio (fourth conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present exciō excīs excit excīmus excītis exciunt
imperfect exciēbam exciēbās exciēbat exciēbāmus exciēbātis exciēbant
future exciam exciēs exciet exciēmus exciētis excient
perfect excīvī excīvistī excīvit excīvimus excīvistis excīvērunt, excīvēre
pluperfect excīveram excīverās excīverat excīverāmus excīverātis excīverant
future perfect excīverō excīveris excīverit excīverimus excīveritis excīverint
passive present excior excīris, excīre excītur excīmur excīminī exciuntur
imperfect exciēbar exciēbāris, exciēbāre exciēbātur exciēbāmur exciēbāminī exciēbantur
future exciar exciēris, exciēre exciētur exciēmur exciēminī excientur
perfect excītus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect excītus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect excītus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present exciam exciās exciat exciāmus exciātis exciant
imperfect excīrem excīrēs excīret excīrēmus excīrētis excīrent
perfect excīverim excīverīs excīverit excīverīmus excīverītis excīverint
pluperfect excīvissem excīvissēs excīvisset excīvissēmus excīvissētis excīvissent
passive present exciar exciāris, exciāre exciātur exciāmur exciāminī exciantur
imperfect excīrer excīrēris, excīrēre excīrētur excīrēmur excīrēminī excīrentur
perfect excītus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect excītus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present excī excīte
future excītō excītō excītōte exciuntō
passive present excīre excīminī
future excītor excītor exciuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives excīre excīvisse excītūrus esse excīrī excītus esse excītum īrī
participles exciēns excītūrus excītus exciendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
excīre exciendī exciendō exciendum excītum excītū

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit


  • excio” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.
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