From Proto-Indo-European *swep- (to sleep).



sōpiō (present infinitive sōpīre, perfect active sōpīvī or sōpiī, supine sōpītum); fourth conjugation

  1. I deprive of feeling.
  2. I lull to sleep, put to sleep.
  3. I render, unconscious, knock out
  4. (figuratively) I kill.
  5. (figuratively) I quiet, still, settle.


   Conjugation of sōpiō (fourth conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sōpiō sōpīs sōpit sōpīmus sōpītis sōpiunt
imperfect sōpiēbam sōpiēbās sōpiēbat sōpiēbāmus sōpiēbātis sōpiēbant
future sōpiam sōpiēs sōpiet sōpiēmus sōpiētis sōpient
perfect sōpīvī, sōpiī sōpīvistī, sōpiistī sōpīvit, sōpiit sōpīvimus, sōpiimus sōpīvistis, sōpiistis sōpīvērunt, sōpīvēre, sōpiērunt, sōpiēre
pluperfect sōpīveram, sōpieram sōpīverās, sōpierās sōpīverat, sōpierat sōpīverāmus, sōpierāmus sōpīverātis, sōpierātis sōpīverant, sōpierant
future perfect sōpīverō, sōpierō sōpīveris, sōpieris sōpīverit, sōpierit sōpīverimus, sōpierimus sōpīveritis, sōpieritis sōpīverint, sōpierint
passive present sōpior sōpīris, sōpīre sōpītur sōpīmur sōpīminī sōpiuntur
imperfect sōpiēbar sōpiēbāris, sōpiēbāre sōpiēbātur sōpiēbāmur sōpiēbāminī sōpiēbantur
future sōpiar sōpiēris, sōpiēre sōpiētur sōpiēmur sōpiēminī sōpientur
perfect sōpītus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect sōpītus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect sōpītus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sōpiam sōpiās sōpiat sōpiāmus sōpiātis sōpiant
imperfect sōpīrem sōpīrēs sōpīret sōpīrēmus sōpīrētis sōpīrent
perfect sōpīverim, sōpierim sōpīverīs, sōpierīs sōpīverit, sōpierit sōpīverīmus, sōpierīmus sōpīverītis, sōpierītis sōpīverint, sōpierint
pluperfect sōpīvissem, sōpiissem sōpīvissēs, sōpiissēs sōpīvisset, sōpiisset sōpīvissēmus, sōpiissēmus sōpīvissētis, sōpiissētis sōpīvissent, sōpiissent
passive present sōpiar sōpiāris, sōpiāre sōpiātur sōpiāmur sōpiāminī sōpiantur
imperfect sōpīrer sōpīrēris, sōpīrēre sōpīrētur sōpīrēmur sōpīrēminī sōpīrentur
perfect sōpītus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect sōpītus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sōpī sōpīte
future sōpītō sōpītō sōpītōte sōpiuntō
passive present sōpīre sōpīminī
future sōpītor sōpītor sōpiuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives sōpīre sōpīvisse, sōpiisse sōpītūrum esse sōpīrī sōpītum esse sōpītum īrī
participles sōpiēns sōpītūrus sōpītus sōpiendus, sōpiundus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
sōpiendī sōpiendō sōpiendum sōpiendō sōpītum sōpītū

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit


sōpiō m (genitive sōpiōnis); third declension

  1. A drawing of a man with a prominent penis
    • Catullus 37
      Frontem tabernae sopionibus scribam
      I will draw pictures of penises on the front of the tavern.
    • Anonymous graffito in Pompeii
      Ut merdas edatis, qui scripseras sopionis
      You who have drawn pictures of penises, eat shit!


Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative sōpiō sōpiōnēs
Genitive sōpiōnis sōpiōnum
Dative sōpiōnī sōpiōnibus
Accusative sōpiōnem sōpiōnēs
Ablative sōpiōne sōpiōnibus
Vocative sōpiō sōpiōnēs


  • sopio in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • sopio in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • sopio in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • S. A. Handford & Mary Herberg (2003), Latin-English : English-Latin Dictionary (Berlin: Langenscheidt)