experiment

See also: Experiment

EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

From Middle English experiment, from Old French esperiment (French expérience), from Latin experimentum (experience, attempt, experiment), from experior (to experience, to attempt), itself from ex + *perior, in turn from Proto-Indo-European *per-.

PronunciationEdit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ɪkˈspɛ.ɹɪ.mənt/, /ɛkˈspɛ.ɹɪ.mənt/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ɪkˈspɛɹ.ə.mənt/, /ɪkˈspɪɹ.ə.mənt/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ex‧per‧i‧ment

NounEdit

experiment (plural experiments)

  1. A test under controlled conditions made to either demonstrate a known truth, examine the validity of a hypothesis, or determine the efficacy or likelihood of something previously untried.
    conduct an experiment
    carry out some experiments
    perform a scientific experiment
    • 1837, Letitia Elizabeth Landon, Ethel Churchill, volume 2, page 327:
      From her childhood she had been accustomed to watch, and often to aid, in her uncle's chemical experiments; she was, therefore, not at a loss, as a complete novice in the science would have been.
    • 2019, VOA Learning English (public domain)
      South Korean officials announced last month that an experiment to create artificial rain did not provide the desired results.
      (file)
  2. (obsolete) Experience, practical familiarity with something.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

VerbEdit

experiment (third-person singular simple present experiments, present participle experimenting, simple past and past participle experimented)

  1. (intransitive) To conduct an experiment.
    We're going to experiment on rats.
  2. (transitive, obsolete) To experience; to feel; to perceive; to detect.
    • 1662 Thomas Salusbury, Galileo's Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems (Dialogue 2):
      The Earth, the which may have carried us about perpetually ... without our being ever able to experiment its rest.
  3. (transitive, obsolete) To test or ascertain by experiment; to try out; to make an experiment on.
    • 1481 William Caxton, The Mirrour of the World 1.5.22:
      Til they had experimented whiche was trewe, and who knewe most.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

ReferencesEdit


CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin experīmentum, attested from 1460.[1]

NounEdit

experiment m (plural experiments)

  1. experiment

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ experiment”, in Gran Diccionari de la Llengua Catalana, Grup Enciclopèdia Catalana, 2022

Further readingEdit


CzechEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin experīmentum

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

experiment m inan

  1. experiment
    Synonym: pokus
    provést experimentto perform an experiment

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • experiment in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • experiment in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch experiment, from Old French experiment, from Latin experimentum.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˌɛks.peː.riˈmɛnt/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ex‧pe‧ri‧ment
  • Rhymes: -ɛnt

NounEdit

experiment n (plural experimenten, diminutive experimentje n)

  1. experiment

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Indonesian: eksperimen

OccitanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin experīmentum.

NounEdit

experiment m (plural experiments)

  1. experiment

Related termsEdit


RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Khylla Raizah S. Tapulao

NounEdit

experiment n (plural experimente)

  1. experiment

DeclensionEdit


SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin experīmentum, attested from 1682.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

experiment n

  1. experiment

DeclensionEdit

Declension of experiment 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative experiment experimentet experiment experimenten
Genitive experiments experimentets experiments experimentens

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit