Catalan edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

guiar (first-person singular present guio, first-person singular preterite guií, past participle guiat)

  1. to guide

Conjugation edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Further reading edit

  • “guiar” in Diccionari català-valencià-balear, Antoni Maria Alcover and Francesc de Borja Moll, 1962.

Galician edit

Etymology edit

From Old Galician-Portuguese guiar (13th century, Cantigas de Santa Maria) either from Old French guier, ultimately from Proto-Germanic *wītaną (to go forth); or directly from Gothic *𐍅𐌹𐌳𐌰𐌽 (*widan, to join).

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

guiar (first-person singular present guío, first-person singular preterite guiei, past participle guiado)
guiar (first-person singular present guio, first-person singular preterite guiei, past participle guiado, reintegrationist norm)

  1. (transitive) to guide, to lead
  2. (takes a reflexive pronoun) to obey, to follow
    • 1295, R. Lorenzo, editor, La traducción gallega de la Crónica General y de la Crónica de Castilla, Ourense: I.E.O.P.F., page 226:
      este rey dõ Afonso mãteue muy bem seu reyno, per consello dos sabios per que sse el guiaua
      this king, Don Afonso, kept very ably his realm, because of the advice of the sages whom he followed

Conjugation edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

References edit

  • guiar” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006–2022.
  • guiar” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006–2018.
  • guiar” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.
  • guiar” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • guiar” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Portuguese edit

Etymology edit

From Old Galician-Portuguese guiar, from Medieval Latin guidāre, possibly from Gothic *𐍅𐌹𐌳𐌰𐌽 (*widan, to join).

Pronunciation edit

 
  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /ɡiˈa(ʁ)/ [ɡɪˈa(h)], (faster pronunciation) /ˈɡja(ʁ)/ [ˈɡja(h)]
    • (São Paulo) IPA(key): /ɡiˈa(ɾ)/ [ɡɪˈa(ɾ)], (faster pronunciation) /ˈɡja(ɾ)/
    • (Rio de Janeiro) IPA(key): /ɡiˈa(ʁ)/ [ɡɪˈa(χ)], (faster pronunciation) /ˈɡja(ʁ)/ [ˈɡja(χ)]
    • (Southern Brazil) IPA(key): /ɡiˈa(ɻ)/ [ɡɪˈa(ɻ)], (faster pronunciation) /ˈɡja(ɻ)/
 
  • (Portugal) IPA(key): /ˈɡjaɾ/, /ɡiˈaɾ/
    • (Southern Portugal) IPA(key): /ˈɡja.ɾi/, /ɡiˈa.ɾi/

Verb edit

guiar (first-person singular present guio, first-person singular preterite guiei, past participle guiado)

  1. to lead; to guide; to direct
    Antonyms: desencaminhar, desgarrar
  2. to drive (a vehicle)
  3. to guide (supervise one's education)

Conjugation edit

Synonyms edit

Related terms edit

Spanish edit

Etymology edit

Probably from Old Occitan guidar, from Frankish *wītan (to show the way, lead), from Proto-Germanic *wītaną (to see, know; go, depart), possibly through a Medieval Latin intermediate. Compare Portuguese guiar, French guider (Old French guier), Old Occitan guidar, Italian guidare, English guide.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡjaɾ/ [ˈɡjaɾ], /ɡiˈaɾ/ [ɡiˈaɾ]
  • Rhymes: -aɾ
  • Syllabification: guiar, gui‧ar

Verb edit

guiar (first-person singular present guío, first-person singular preterite guie, past participle guiado)

  1. to guide
  2. to lead, to conduct
  3. to show the way
  4. to drive, to steer
  5. to train (plants)
  6. to advise, to counsel, to guide
  7. to sprout (of plants)

Conjugation edit

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Further reading edit