See also: Turbo, turbó, turbò, and turbo-

English edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From turbine.

Noun edit

turbo (countable and uncountable, plural turbos)

  1. (informal) A turbine.
  2. Clipping of turbocharger.
    • 2008 February 17, Don Sherman, “More Power? Add Pressure”, in New York Times[1]:
      Superchargers are generally heavier and more expensive than turbos []
  3. Clipping of turbojet.
  4. Clipping of turbomolecular pump.
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

From turbocharged (increased power). From the action of a turbocharger, which increases the speed of an automobile through the increase in power of an engine.

Noun edit

turbo (plural turbos)

  1. (video games) Autofire.
    Controllers with turbo features are banned from most competitive tournaments.

Adjective edit

turbo (not comparable)

  1. (said of a poker tournament) With rapidly-increasing blind levels.
    This is a turbo tournament: the blinds increase every 5 minutes! Level 1 = 150/300; level 2 = 200/400; etc.
  2. (computing, video games) Causing or relating to increased speed.
    a turbo button on a controller; a PC equipped with a turbo mode
  3. (informal, nonstandard) Very, super, etc.; usually relating to a qualitative value (as opposed to quantitative).
    They act turbo wasted when they have more than a few beers in them.

Verb edit

turbo (third-person singular simple present turbos, present participle turboing, simple past and past participle turboed)

  1. (video games) To autofire.

Derived terms edit

Etymology 3 edit

From the New Latin name of the genus Turbo.

Noun edit

turbo (plural turbos)

  1. (malacology) A turban shell.

Czech edit

Etymology edit

Derived from Latin turbo.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

turbo n

  1. turbo

Declension edit

Related terms edit

Further reading edit

  • turbo in Kartotéka Novočeského lexikálního archivu
  • turbo in Akademický slovník cizích slov, 1995, at prirucka.ujc.cas.cz
  • turbo in Internetová jazyková příručka

Esperanto edit

 
Esperanto Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia eo

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “from Latin "tornado"?”)

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

turbo (accusative singular turbon, plural turboj, accusative plural turbojn)

  1. spinning top
    • 1916, L'Amerika Esperantisto, page 53:
      [] dum sur la pupitro antaŭ li estis videblaj diversaj kontrabandaj objektoj kaj malpermesitaj bataliloj, trovitaj ĉe maldiligentaj buboj; ekzemple duon-manĝitaj pomoj, blovpafiloj, turboj, muŝkaptiloj kaj tutaj legioj da batalpretaj vetkoketoi[sic] el papero.
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)
    • 1923, British Esperantist, page 9:
      Kelkaj knaboj ŝatas multe
      Brikojn, turbojn, kaj pafilojn.
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)

Finnish edit

Etymology edit

From English turbo.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈturbo/, [ˈt̪urbo̞]
  • Rhymes: -urbo
  • Syllabification(key): tur‧bo

Noun edit

turbo

  1. turbo

Declension edit

Inflection of turbo (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
nominative turbo turbot
genitive turbon turbojen
partitive turboa turboja
illative turboon turboihin
singular plural
nominative turbo turbot
accusative nom. turbo turbot
gen. turbon
genitive turbon turbojen
partitive turboa turboja
inessive turbossa turboissa
elative turbosta turboista
illative turboon turboihin
adessive turbolla turboilla
ablative turbolta turboilta
allative turbolle turboille
essive turbona turboina
translative turboksi turboiksi
abessive turbotta turboitta
instructive turboin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of turbo (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative turboni turboni
accusative nom. turboni turboni
gen. turboni
genitive turboni turbojeni
partitive turboani turbojani
inessive turbossani turboissani
elative turbostani turboistani
illative turbooni turboihini
adessive turbollani turboillani
ablative turboltani turboiltani
allative turbolleni turboilleni
essive turbonani turboinani
translative turbokseni turboikseni
abessive turbottani turboittani
instructive
comitative turboineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative turbosi turbosi
accusative nom. turbosi turbosi
gen. turbosi
genitive turbosi turbojesi
partitive turboasi turbojasi
inessive turbossasi turboissasi
elative turbostasi turboistasi
illative turboosi turboihisi
adessive turbollasi turboillasi
ablative turboltasi turboiltasi
allative turbollesi turboillesi
essive turbonasi turboinasi
translative turboksesi turboiksesi
abessive turbottasi turboittasi
instructive
comitative turboinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative turbomme turbomme
accusative nom. turbomme turbomme
gen. turbomme
genitive turbomme turbojemme
partitive turboamme turbojamme
inessive turbossamme turboissamme
elative turbostamme turboistamme
illative turboomme turboihimme
adessive turbollamme turboillamme
ablative turboltamme turboiltamme
allative turbollemme turboillemme
essive turbonamme turboinamme
translative turboksemme turboiksemme
abessive turbottamme turboittamme
instructive
comitative turboinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative turbonne turbonne
accusative nom. turbonne turbonne
gen. turbonne
genitive turbonne turbojenne
partitive turboanne turbojanne
inessive turbossanne turboissanne
elative turbostanne turboistanne
illative turboonne turboihinne
adessive turbollanne turboillanne
ablative turboltanne turboiltanne
allative turbollenne turboillenne
essive turbonanne turboinanne
translative turboksenne turboiksenne
abessive turbottanne turboittanne
instructive
comitative turboinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative turbonsa turbonsa
accusative nom. turbonsa turbonsa
gen. turbonsa
genitive turbonsa turbojensa
partitive turboaan
turboansa
turbojaan
turbojansa
inessive turbossaan
turbossansa
turboissaan
turboissansa
elative turbostaan
turbostansa
turboistaan
turboistansa
illative turboonsa turboihinsa
adessive turbollaan
turbollansa
turboillaan
turboillansa
ablative turboltaan
turboltansa
turboiltaan
turboiltansa
allative turbolleen
turbollensa
turboilleen
turboillensa
essive turbonaan
turbonansa
turboinaan
turboinansa
translative turbokseen
turboksensa
turboikseen
turboiksensa
abessive turbottaan
turbottansa
turboittaan
turboittansa
instructive
comitative turboineen
turboinensa

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

Italian edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈtur.bo/
  • Rhymes: -urbo
  • Hyphenation: tùr‧bo

Verb edit

turbo

  1. first-person singular present indicative of turbare

Anagrams edit

Latin edit

Etymology edit

From turba.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

turbō m (genitive turbinis); third declension

  1. tornado, whirlwind
    Synonyms: tempestās, procella
  2. spinning top, wheel
  3. spinning motion

Declension edit

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative turbō turbinēs
Genitive turbinis turbinum
Dative turbinī turbinibus
Accusative turbinem turbinēs
Ablative turbine turbinibus
Vocative turbō turbinēs

Descendants edit

Verb edit

turbō (present infinitive turbāre, perfect active turbāvī, supine turbātum); first conjugation

  1. to disturb, unsettle, agitate, perturb
    Synonyms: perturbō, sollicitō, agitō, angō, concitō, disturbō, īnfestō, percieō, concieō, cieō, irrītō, stimulō, ēvertō, peragō, occīdō, agō, moveō, versō, ūrō
    Antonym: cōnsōlor
    • 29 BCE – 19 BCE, Virgil, Aeneid 1.514–515:
      [...] avidī coniungere dextrās
      ārdēbant; sed rēs animōs incognita turbat.
      Ardently [Aeneas and Achates] desire to clasp the hands [of their comrades]; however, the strange happenings unsettle [their] spirits.
  2. to upset

Conjugation edit

   Conjugation of turbō (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present turbō turbās turbat turbāmus turbātis turbant
imperfect turbābam turbābās turbābat turbābāmus turbābātis turbābant
future turbābō turbābis turbābit turbābimus turbābitis turbābunt
perfect turbāvī turbāvistī turbāvit turbāvimus turbāvistis turbāvērunt,
turbāvēre
pluperfect turbāveram turbāverās turbāverat turbāverāmus turbāverātis turbāverant
future perfect turbāverō turbāveris turbāverit turbāverimus turbāveritis turbāverint
sigmatic future1 turbāssō turbāssis turbāssit turbāssimus turbāssitis turbāssint
passive present turbor turbāris,
turbāre
turbātur turbāmur turbāminī turbantur
imperfect turbābar turbābāris,
turbābāre
turbābātur turbābāmur turbābāminī turbābantur
future turbābor turbāberis,
turbābere
turbābitur turbābimur turbābiminī turbābuntur
perfect turbātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect turbātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect turbātus + future active indicative of sum
sigmatic future1 turbāssor turbāsseris turbāssitur
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present turbem turbēs turbet turbēmus turbētis turbent
imperfect turbārem turbārēs turbāret turbārēmus turbārētis turbārent
perfect turbāverim turbāverīs turbāverit turbāverīmus turbāverītis turbāverint
pluperfect turbāvissem turbāvissēs turbāvisset turbāvissēmus turbāvissētis turbāvissent
sigmatic aorist1 turbāssim turbāssīs turbāssīt turbāssīmus turbāssītis turbāssint
passive present turber turbēris,
turbēre
turbētur turbēmur turbēminī turbentur
imperfect turbārer turbārēris,
turbārēre
turbārētur turbārēmur turbārēminī turbārentur
perfect turbātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect turbātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present turbā turbāte
future turbātō turbātō turbātōte turbantō
passive present turbāre turbāminī
future turbātor turbātor turbantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives turbāre turbāvisse turbātūrum esse turbārī turbātum esse turbātum īrī
participles turbāns turbātūrus turbātus turbandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
turbandī turbandō turbandum turbandō turbātum turbātū

1At least one use of the archaic "sigmatic future" and "sigmatic aorist" tenses is attested, which are used by Old Latin writers; most notably Plautus and Terence. The sigmatic future is generally ascribed a future or future perfect meaning, while the sigmatic aorist expresses a possible desire ("might want to"). It is also attested as having a rare sigmatic future passive indicative form ("will have been"), which is not attested in the plural for any verb.

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

References edit

  • turbo”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • turbo”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • turbo in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • turbo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[3], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • there is a storm at sea: mare ventorum vi agitatur et turbatur
    • to upset a person: alicuius mentem turbare, conturbare, perturbare
    • to cause universal disorder: omnia turbare ac miscere
    • to break the ranks: ordines turbare, perrumpere
    • to throw the rearguard into confusion: novissimos turbare
    • (ambiguous) a demagogue, agitator: plebis dux, vulgi turbator, civis turbulentus, civis rerum novarum cupidus
  • turbo”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • turbo”, in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray
  • turbo”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

Portuguese edit

Verb edit

turbo

  1. first-person singular present indicative of turbar

Spanish edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈtuɾbo/ [ˈt̪uɾ.β̞o]
  • Rhymes: -uɾbo
  • Syllabification: tur‧bo

Etymology 1 edit

Clipping of turbocompresor.

Adjective edit

turbo (invariable)
turbo (feminine turba, masculine plural turbos, feminine plural turbas)

  1. turbo

Noun edit

turbo m (plural turbos)

  1. turbo

Etymology 2 edit

Verb edit

turbo

  1. first-person singular present indicative of turbar

Further reading edit

Swedish edit

Noun edit

turbo c

  1. (often in compounds) turbo ((gas) turbine, especially in an internal combustion engine, sometimes of the entire engine or vehicle)
  2. (colloquial, in compounds) turbo (something fast, powerful, or the like)

Declension edit

Declension of turbo 
Uncountable
Indefinite Definite
Nominative turbo turbon
Genitive turbos turbons

Derived terms edit

References edit