Contents

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From a parallel o-stem form of an adjective *jautrus, derived from the verb jaust(to sense, to guess) (see just(to feel)). The meaning evolution was probably “which feels, perceives” > “which feels, perceives with humor” > “which expresses humor, merriment.” From the original meaning, also “which feels, which is awake, not asleep,” whence jautrs miegs “light sleep”; also from the original meaning, “ingenious, quick-witted,” as in jautra galva “ingenious head.” Cognates include Latvian jautrùs(irritable, sensitive, alert, watchful).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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AdjectiveEdit

jautrs (def. jautrais, comp. jautrāks, sup. visjautrākais; adv. jautri)

  1. cheerful, merry, happy (characterized by joyful emotions)
    Ina ir jautra meitene, viņai patīk smieties, jokoties‎ ― Ina is a cheerful girl, she likes to laugh, to joke
    viņš bija pazīstams ka omulīgs, jautrs cilvēks‎ ― he was known as a cheerful, happy man
  2. cheerful, merry, happy (expressing joyful emotions)
    jautri smiekli‎ ― cheerful laughs
    jautras balsis‎ ― cheerful voices
    mātes acis sastapās ar meitas jautrajām, draiskajām acīm‎ ― the mother's eyes met with the daughter's cheerful, playful eyes
  3. (of animals, their behavior) quick moving, playful, difficult to control; expressing such features
    jautrs kucēns, kaķēns‎ ― playful puppy, kitten
    tas bija lāga runcis, jautrs un pacietīgs‎ ― it was a good tomcat, playful and patient
    ap viņu putni saskrien jautrā čalā‎ ― the birds were running around him in playful chatter
  4. (figuratively, of water, air flow) fast, turbulent
    virtuves logs uzpūta jautru caurvēja strāvu‎ ― the kitchen window let in a fast draft (lit. draft, wind stream)
    Pār Havannu savilcies pērkona negaisa mākonis, un lietus šļāc jautrām strūklām‎ ― over Havanna the thunderstorm clouds gathered, and the rain poured in fast, turbulent gushes
  5. funny, amusing, hilarious (relating to jokes and laughter)
    jautrs brauciens, piedzīvojums‎ ― funny, hilarious trip, adventure
    vakars izvērtās skaļš un jautrs; nevienam nebija garlaicīgi‎ ― the evening became loud and funny; nobody was bored
  6. joyful, exuberant (creating a happy, joyful mood)
    jautrs maršs‎ ― joyful march
    spidēja saule... baltais sniegs vizuļoja tik žilbinoši jautrs, ka gribējās ticēt: pasaulē ir arī laime, ir arī prieks un smiekli‎ ― the sun was shining... the white snow sparkled so dazzlingly, that one wanted to believe: on earth there is happiness, there is joy and laughter
  7. (of sleep) light, not deep (from which one can easily wake up)
    jautrs miegs‎ ― light sleep

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “jautrs”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7