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EnglishEdit

 
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A lathe.

PronunciationEdit

  • (UK, US) enPR: th IPA(key): /leɪð/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eɪð

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English lathen, from Old English laþian (to invite, summon, call upon, ask), from Proto-Germanic *laþōną (to invite), from Proto-Indo-European *lēy- (to want, desire). Cognate with German laden (to invite), Icelandic laða (to attract).

Alternative formsEdit

VerbEdit

lathe (third-person singular simple present lathes, present participle lathing, simple past and past participle lathed)

  1. (transitive, Britain dialectal) To invite; bid; ask.

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English *lath, from Old English lǣþ (a division of a county containing several hundreds, a district, lathe).

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

lathe (plural lathes)

  1. (obsolete) An administrative division of the county of Kent, in England, from the Anglo-Saxon period until it fell entirely out of use in the early twentieth century.

Etymology 3Edit

From Middle English lath (turning-lathe; stand), from Old Norse hlað (pile, heap)—compare dialectal Danish lad (stand, support frame) (as in drejelad (turning-lathe), savelad (saw bench)), dialectal Norwegian la, lad (pile, small wall), dialectal Swedish lad (folding table, lay of a loom)—from hlaða (to load). More at lade.

NounEdit

lathe (plural lathes)

  1. A machine tool used to shape a piece of material, or workpiece, by rotating the workpiece against a cutting tool.
    He shaped the bedpost by turning it on a lathe.
    • 1856: Gustave Flaubert, Madame Bovary, Part II Chapter IV, translated by Eleanor Marx-Aveling
      Of the windows of the village there was one yet more often occupied; for on Sundays from morning to night, and every morning when the weather was bright, one could see at the dormer-window of the garret the profile of Monsieur Binet bending over his lathe, whose monotonous humming could be heard at the Lion d'Or.
  2. The movable swing frame of a loom, carrying the reed for separating the warp threads and beating up the weft; a lay, or batten.
  3. (obsolete) A granary; a barn.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Chaucer to this entry?)
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

lathe (third-person singular simple present lathes, present participle lathing, simple past and past participle lathed)

  1. To shape with a lathe.
  2. (computer graphics) To produce a three-dimensional model by rotating a set of points around a fixed axis.
TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit