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See also: BID, bíd, bîd, bið, and -bid



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Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English bidden, from the Old English verb biddan (ask, demand), from Proto-Germanic *bidjaną (to ask), from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰedʰ-. Conflated with the Old English verb bēodan (offer, announce) (see Etymology 2 below). Compare West Frisian bidde, Low German bidden, Dutch bidden ("to pray"), German bitten, Danish bede, Norwegian Bokmål be.


bid (third-person singular simple present bids, present participle bidding, simple past bid or bade or bad, past participle bid or bidden)

  1. (transitive) To issue a command; to tell.
    He bade me to come in.
  2. (transitive) To invite; to summon.
    She was bidden to the wedding.
  3. (transitive) To utter a greeting or salutation.
Usage notesEdit

The inflected forms bade, bad, and bidden are archaic. They remain in marginal use, particularly regarding greetings, as in “bade farewell”, but uninflected bid is significantly more common, and bidden is especially rare.[1]

When it does occur, it is usually in an elevated, ironical or metaphorical style e.g "I have bidden farewell to my prospects of promotion."

When bade or bad is used in formal speech the pronunciation /bæd/ may be heard. However, when a dated text is being read or recited (e.g. on stage, in school or in church etc.) /beɪd/ is quite usual.

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English beden, from the Old English verb bēodan (offer, announce), from Proto-Germanic *beudaną (to offer), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰewdʰ- (be awake, aware). Conflated with the Old English verb biddan (ask, demand) (see Etymology 1 above). Compare Low German beden, Dutch bieden, German bieten, Danish byde, Norwegian Bokmål by. More at bede.


bid (third-person singular simple present bids, present participle bidding, simple past and past participle bid)

  1. (intransitive) To make an offer to pay or accept a certain price.
    Have you ever bid in an auction?
  2. (transitive) To offer as a price.
    She bid £2000 for the Persian carpet.
  3. (intransitive) To make an attempt.
    He was bidding for the chance to coach his team to victory once again.
  4. (transitive, intransitive, card games) To announce (one's goal), before starting play.
  5. (obsolete) To proclaim (a bede, prayer); to pray.
    • 1590, Edmund Spendser, The Faerie Queene, I.x:
      All night she spent in bidding of her bedes, / And all the day in doing good and godly deedes.
Derived termsEdit


bid (plural bids)

  1. An offer at an auction, or to carry out a piece of work.
    His bid was $35,000.
    a bid for a lucrative transport contract
  2. (ultimate frisbee) A (failed) attempt to receive or intercept a pass.
    Nice bid!
  3. An attempt, effort, or pursuit (of a goal).
    Their efforts represented a sincere bid for success.
    She put in her bid for the presidency.
    He put in his bid for office.
    • 2012 May 13, Alistair Magowan, “Sunderland 0-1 Man Utd”, in BBC Sport[1]:
      Then, as the Sunderland fans' cheers bellowed around the stadium, United's title bid was over when it became apparent City had pinched a last-gasp winner to seal their first title in 44 years.
    • 1967, William F. Nolan and George Clayton Johnson, Logan's Run, May 1976 Bantam Books edition, ISBN 0553025171, page 16:
      [Running,] Doyle had passed up a dozen chances to go underground. He was swinging east again making another bid for Arcade.
Derived termsEdit


  1. ^ Bid, bade, bidden”, Grammarist



Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse bit.



bid n (singular definite biddet, plural indefinite bid)

  1. bite (act of biting)

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle Low German bīt, replacing a two-syllable form biti.



bid c (singular definite bidden, plural indefinite bidder)

  1. bit, morsel
  2. bite, mouthful

Etymology 3Edit

See bide.


  • IPA(key): /biːd/, [b̥iðˀ]



  1. imperative of bide





  1. rafsi of bindo.

Old IrishEdit





  1. (literary) third-person singular imperative of bod



Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
bid fid mid unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.