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IcelandicEdit

NounEdit

lauks

  1. indefinite genitive singular of laukur

LatvianEdit

 
Rudzu lauks (1)
 
Ledus lauks (2)
 
Elektromagnētiskais lauks (6)

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *lawk-, from Proto-Indo-European *lewk- (to shine; bright; to see), whence also the Latvian adjective lauks (light (color)) (q.v.). As a noun (with intonational change), the meaning evolution was probably “light, clear (place)” > “open place” > “field.” Cognates include Lithuanian laũkas, Old High German lōh (forest clearing overgrown with bushes) (< *lauh) Old Prussian laucks, Sanskrit लोकः (lokáḥ, free space, clearing; world), Latin lūcus (sacred grove) (< “glade, clearing near a grove”).[1]

PronunciationEdit

(file)

NounEdit

lauks m (1st declension)

  1. field (area of land occupied by one or a few plant species, usually crops)
    rudzu, kviešu, linu lauksrye, wheat, flax field
    kartupeļu, biešu, kāpostu laukspotato, beet, cabbage field
    aparts lauksplowed, labored field
    nokopts laukscleared field
    sagatavot lauku sējaito prepare a field for sowing
    pirmie pavasara lauku darbithe first field works of spring
    lauka gurķifield cucumbers (i.e., grown in the open air)
    lauku puķesfield flowers (i.e., those that grow freely in meadows, fields, etc,)
    lauku zvirbulisfield sparrow (species found in rural areas)
    lauku balodis ir lielāks par mājas balodithe field (= wild) pigeon is bigger than the house (= domestic) pigeon
  2. field (a large surface or clearing formed by something, where something can be found)
    ledus, sniega lauksice, snow field
    kapu lauks, kapulauksgraveyard (lit. grave field)
    mīnu lauksmine field
  3. (singular only) outside area, exterior
    ienākt no lauka istabāto come into the room from outside
    bērni varēja iet rotaļās, skraidīt pa lauku un pēcāk visi kopā ēst vakariņasthe children could go play, run outside and later all together eat dinner
  4. area (environment, place, branch of knowledge, where some work, process, action will happen)
    darba lauks, darbalauksfield of work, activity
    kara lauks, karalauksbattleground (lit. war field)
    kaujas lauksbattlefield
    redzes lauksfield of vision
    darbības lauksscope (lit. field of action)
    E. Eferts-Klusais spraigi darbojās kultūras un izglītības laukāE. Eferts-Klusais worked strenuously in the field of culture and education
    celtniecība iespējams atrast daudz, daudz jaunu ceļu; šis darba lauks gaidīt gaida cilvēkus ar nemierīgu sirdi un dzīvu fantāzijuin construction it is possible to find many, many new paths; this field of work is just waiting for people with a restless heart and living fantasy
  5. (military, in the genitive) field... (which happens in, or is suitable for, deployment or combat situations)
    lauka hospitālisfield hospital
    lauka virtuvefield kitchen
    lauka somafield bag
    lauka kara tiesafield court martial
    lauka kapelānsfield chaplain
  6. (physics) field (region of space where a certain force or influence manifests itself)
    elektriskais, magnētiskais laukselectric, magnetic field
    elektromagnētiskais laukselectromagnetic field
    gravitācijas lauksgravitational field
    akustiskais lauksacoustic field
    kodolspēku lauksnuclear force field
    mainīgs lauksvariable field
    lauka intensitātefield intensity

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

  • (of "open area, for planting"): tīrums
  • (of "branch of knowledge"): nozare
  • (of "area outside"): ārs

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “lauks”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7

LithuanianEdit