See also: cŕop and ɔrop

English edit

a riding crop (sense 6)
two parrots with bulging crops (sense 11)
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Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle English crop, croppe, from Old English crop, cropp, croppa (the head or top of a plant, a sprout or herb, a bunch or cluster of flowers, an ear of corn, the craw of a bird, a kidney), from Proto-West Germanic *kropp, from Proto-Germanic *kruppaz (body, trunk, crop), from Proto-Indo-European *grewb- (to warp, bend, crawl).

Noun edit

crop (plural crops)

  1. (agriculture) A plant, grown for it, or its fruits or seeds, to be harvested as food, livestock fodder, or fuel or for any other economic purpose.
    The farmer had a nice crop of corn.
  2. The natural production for a specific year, particularly of plants.
    Synonyms: harvest, yield
    It was a good crop of oats that year.
  3. (figurative) A group, cluster or collection of things occurring at the same time.
    The decade produced a whole crop of ideas about space travel.
    The university had an exceptional crop of graduates in 1892, including three who went on to win Nobel Prizes.
  4. A group of vesicles at the same stage of development in a disease.
    The patient had a crop of bumps indicative of chicken pox.
  5. The lashing end of a whip.
  6. An entire short whip, especially as used in horse-riding.
    Synonyms: hunting crop, riding crop, whip, bat
  7. A rocky outcrop.
  8. The act of cropping.
  9. A photograph or other image that has been reduced by removing the outer parts.
    • 1924, Harry Appleton Groesbeck Jr., “Preparation of Copy”, in The Process and Practice of Photo-engraving[1], Garden City, New York: Doubleday, Page & Company, →OCLC, Indicating Sizes, page 234:
      This indicates to the engraver that the subject may be cropped to yield the size desired, but it is advisable that the position for the crop also be determined and marked, else some essential feature of the copy may be cut off by arbitrary cropping to get the required size.
  10. A short haircut.
    She went from a ponytail to a crop.
  11. (anatomy) A pouch-like part of the alimentary tract of some birds (and some other animals), used to store food before digestion or for regurgitation.
    Synonym: craw
    Coordinate term: gizzard
  12. (architecture) The foliate part of a finial.
  13. (archaic or dialect) The head of a flower, especially when picked; an ear of corn; the top branches of a tree.
  14. (mining) Tin ore prepared for smelting.
  15. (mining) An outcrop of a vein or seam at the surface.[1]
  16. An entire oxhide.
  17. (slang, in the plural) Marijuana.
Hyponyms edit


Derived terms edit
Translations edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Middle English croppen (to cut, pluck and eat), from Old English *croppian. Cognate with Scots crap (to crop), Dutch kroppen (to cram, digest), Low German kröppen (to cut, crop, stuff the craw), German kröpfen (to crop), Icelandic kroppa (to cut, crop, pick). Literally, to take off the crop (top, head, ear) of a plant. See Etymology 1.

Verb edit

crop (third-person singular simple present crops, present participle cropping, simple past and past participle cropped)

  1. (transitive) To remove the top end of something, especially a plant.
  2. (transitive) To mow, reap or gather.
  3. (transitive) To cut (especially hair or an animal's tail or ears) short.
  4. (transitive) To remove the outer parts of a photograph or other image, typically in order to frame the subject better.
    • 1924, Harry Appleton Groesbeck Jr., “Preparation of Copy”, in The Process and Practice of Photo-engraving[4], Garden City, New York: Doubleday, Page & Company, →OCLC, Indicating Sizes, page 234:
      Reduce to six inches wide and crop to eight inches high.
    • 1944 July, “WHAT ARE: Name These Enlarged Pictures”, in Popular Science[5], volume 145, number 1, →ISSN, page 168:
      You'll see that when you enlarge a subject to many times its normal size, and then crop the photo so there is nothing in proportion to be recognized, all resemblance to the original can be hidden.
    • 1964, Proctor P. Taylor Jr., “Photographs”, in Preparing Contractor Reports for NASA: Technical Illustrating (NASA Special Publications; 7008)‎[6], 2nd edition, Scientific and Technical Information Division, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, published 1967, →OCLC, NASA SP-7008, page 18:
      Crop the photo for emphasis and composition.
  5. (intransitive) To yield harvest.
  6. (transitive) To cause to bear a crop.
    to crop a field
  7. (transitive) To beat with a crop, or riding-whip.
    • 2013, Mary Hart Perry, Seducing the Princess:
      She cropped the horse into a comfortable canter and enjoyed the familiar rhythm and bounce of the horse's stride.
Derived terms edit
Translations edit

Further reading edit

References edit

  1. ^ Edward H[enry] Knight (1877), “Crop”, in Knight’s American Mechanical Dictionary. [], volume I (A–GAS), New York, N.Y.: Hurd and Houghton [], →OCLC.

Anagrams edit