See also: Loyal

English

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Middle French loyal, from Old French loial, leial, leal, from Latin lēgālis. Doublet of legal and leal.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈlɔɪəl/
  • Rhymes: -ɔɪəl
  • Audio (UK):(file)

Adjective

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loyal (comparative more loyal, superlative most loyal)

  1. Having or demonstrating undivided and constant support for someone or something.
    Dogs are very loyal animals, which is why they make wonderful pets.
    George is a loyal and loving husband.
  2. Firm in allegiance to a person or institution.
  3. Faithful to a person or cause.
    We must remain loyal to the mission.

Antonyms

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Derived terms

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Translations

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Anagrams

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Danish

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Etymology

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Borrowed from French loyal.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /løjaːl/, [lʌˈjæːˀl]

Adjective

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loyal

  1. loyal

Inflection

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Inflection of loyal
Positive Comparative Superlative
Indefinte common singular loyal 2
Indefinite neuter singular loyalt 2
Plural loyale 2
Definite attributive1 loyale
1) When an adjective is applied predicatively to something definite, the corresponding "indefinite" form is used.
2) The "indefinite" superlatives may not be used attributively.

Derived terms

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Further reading

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French

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Etymology

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Inherited from Old French loial (with various alternative forms: leial, leal, loyel) from Latin lēgālis.[1] Equivalent to loi +‎ -al. Doublet of légal.

Pronunciation

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Adjective

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loyal (feminine loyale, masculine plural loyaux, feminine plural loyales)

  1. loyal
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References

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  1. ^ Walther von Wartburg (1928–2002) “loyal”, in Französisches Etymologisches Wörterbuch (in German), volume 5: J L, page 239

Further reading

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German

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Etymology

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18th century, from French loyal, from Latin legalis. Doublet of legal.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /lo̯aˈjaːl/, [lɔˈjaːl], [lo-], [lo.aˈjaːl]
  • Audio:(file)

Adjective

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loyal (strong nominative masculine singular loyaler, comparative loyaler, superlative am loyalsten)

  1. loyal
    Antonym: illoyal

Usage notes

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  • Loyal usually means a formal, outward kind of loyalty, whereas treu tends to mean loyalty that is based on emotion or deep-rooted conviction. Therefore loyal is used especially with institutions, business partners, colleagues etc., while treu is used especially with lovers, friends, pets and suchlike. Ein loyaler Ehemann would be a husband who is reliable, supports his wife, does not speak ill of her, etc., whereas ein treuer Ehemann would put more emphasis on intimate affection and monogamy. Similarly, ein loyaler Anhänger is a follower who is reliable and performs their duty, while the expression ein treuer Anhänger may add an emotional level.

Declension

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Further reading

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  • loyal” in Duden online
  • loyal” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache

Indonesian

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Dutch loyaal (loyal), from Middle Dutch loyael, from Old French loyal, from Latin lēgālis. Doublet of legal.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈlo.jal/
  • Rhymes: -jal
  • Hyphenation: lo‧yal

Adjective

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loyal

  1. loyal
    Synonyms: patuh, setia
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Further reading

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Middle French

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Etymology

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From Old French loial.

Adjective

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loyal m (feminine singular loyale, masculine plural loyaux, feminine plural loyales)

  1. loyal

Descendants

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  • French: loyal

References

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  • Godefroy, Frédéric, Dictionnaire de l’ancienne langue française et de tous ses dialectes du IXe au XVe siècle (1881) (loial, supplement)