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EnglishEdit

 
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PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈluma/
  • Hyphenation: lu‧ma

Etymology 1Edit

From Armenian լումա (luma). Doublet of nummus

NounEdit

luma (plural lumas or luma)

  1. (numismatics) A currency unit of Armenia, worth one hundredth of an Armenian dram.
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

luminance

NounEdit

luma (uncountable)

  1. The brightness in an image, as opposed to the saturation or chroma.

AnagramsEdit


BariaiEdit

NounEdit

luma

  1. house

ReferencesEdit


EsperantoEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈluma/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: lu‧ma

AdjectiveEdit

luma (accusative singular luman, plural lumaj, accusative plural lumajn)

  1. light, bright

AntonymsEdit


IcelandicEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

luma (weak verb, third-person singular past indicative lumaði, supine lumað)

  1. Used only in set phrases.

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

  • luma á (to keep something secretly; to have something up one's sleeve)

KavalanEdit

PronounEdit

luma

  1. (interrogative) why

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

Of uncertain origin[1]; proposed derivations include:

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

lūma f (genitive lūmae); first declension

  1. A thorn

DeclensionEdit

First declension.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative lūma lūmae
Genitive lūmae lūmārum
Dative lūmae lūmīs
Accusative lūmam lūmās
Ablative lūmā lūmīs
Vocative lūma lūmae

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Walde, Alois; Hofmann, Johann Baptist (1938), “luma”, in Lateinisches etymologisches Wörterbuch (in German), volume 1, 3rd edition, Heidelberg: Carl Winter, page 831

Molise CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Italian lombo.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

luma m

  1. loin

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Walter Breu and Giovanni Piccoli (2000), Dizionario croato molisano di Acquaviva Collecroce: Dizionario plurilingue della lingua slava della minoranza di provenienza dalmata di Acquaviva Collecroce in Provincia di Campobasso (Parte grammaticale).

Northern NdebeleEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Nguni *-lúmá, from Proto-Bantu *-dʊ́ma.

VerbEdit

-luma?

  1. to bite

InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


PhuthiEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Nguni *-lúmá, from Proto-Bantu *-dʊ́ma.

VerbEdit

-lúma

  1. to bite

InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


RomaniEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Romanian lume (world), from Latin lūmen (light).

NounEdit

luma f (plural lumi)

  1. world

Derived termsEdit


SwaziEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Nguni *-lúmá, from Proto-Bantu *-dʊ́ma.

VerbEdit

-lúma

  1. to bite

InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


TagalogEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

luma

  1. old

VendaEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Bantu *-dʊ́ma.

VerbEdit

luma

  1. to bite

XhosaEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Nguni *-lúmá, from Proto-Bantu *-dʊ́ma.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

-lûma

  1. (transitive and intransitive) to bite

InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


ZuluEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Nguni *-lúmá, from Proto-Bantu *-dʊ́ma.

PronunciationEdit

IPA(key): /lûːma/

VerbEdit

-lûma

  1. (transitive and intransitive) to bite

InflectionEdit

Tone HH
Infinitive ukuluma
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukuluma ukungalumi
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular luma -lume
Plural lumani -lumeni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyaluma, ngiluma engilumayo, engiluma ngiluma angilumi engingalumi ngingalumi
2nd singular uyaluma, uluma olumayo, oluma uluma awulumi ongalumi ungalumi
1st plural siyaluma, siluma esilumayo, esiluma siluma asilumi esingalumi singalumi
2nd plural niyaluma, niluma enilumayo, eniluma niluma anilumi eningalumi ningalumi
Class 1 uyaluma, uluma olumayo, oluma eluma akalumi ongalumi engalumi
Class 2 bayaluma, baluma abalumayo, abaluma beluma abalumi abangalumi bengalumi
Class 3 uyaluma, uluma olumayo, oluma uluma awulumi ongalumi ungalumi
Class 4 iyaluma, iluma elumayo, eluma iluma ayilumi engalumi ingalumi
Class 5 liyaluma, liluma elilumayo, eliluma liluma alilumi elingalumi lingalumi
Class 6 ayaluma, aluma alumayo, aluma eluma awalumi angalumi engalumi
Class 7 siyaluma, siluma esilumayo, esiluma siluma asilumi esingalumi singalumi
Class 8 ziyaluma, ziluma ezilumayo, eziluma ziluma azilumi ezingalumi zingalumi
Class 9 iyaluma, iluma elumayo, eluma iluma ayilumi engalumi ingalumi
Class 10 ziyaluma, ziluma ezilumayo, eziluma ziluma azilumi ezingalumi zingalumi
Class 11 luyaluma, luluma olulumayo, oluluma luluma alulumi olungalumi lungalumi
Class 14 buyaluma, buluma obulumayo, obuluma buluma abulumi obungalumi bungalumi
Class 15 kuyaluma, kuluma okulumayo, okuluma kuluma akulumi okungalumi kungalumi
Class 17 kuyaluma, kuluma okulumayo, okuluma kuluma akulumi okungalumi kungalumi
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngilumile, ngilumē engilumile, engilumē ngilumile, ngilumē angilumanga engingalumanga ngingalumanga
2nd singular ulumile, ulumē olumile, olumē ulumile, ulumē awulumanga ongalumanga ungalumanga
1st plural silumile, silumē esilumile, esilumē silumile, silumē asilumanga esingalumanga singalumanga
2nd plural nilumile, nilumē enilumile, enilumē nilumile, nilumē anilumanga eningalumanga ningalumanga
Class 1 ulumile, ulumē olumile, olumē elumile, elumē akalumanga ongalumanga engalumanga
Class 2 balumile, balumē abalumile, abalumē belumile, belumē abalumanga abangalumanga bengalumanga
Class 3 ulumile, ulumē olumile, olumē ulumile, ulumē awulumanga ongalumanga ungalumanga
Class 4 ilumile, ilumē elumile, elumē ilumile, ilumē ayilumanga engalumanga ingalumanga
Class 5 lilumile, lilumē elilumile, elilumē lilumile, lilumē alilumanga elingalumanga lingalumanga
Class 6 alumile, alumē alumile, alumē elumile, elumē awalumanga angalumanga engalumanga
Class 7 silumile, silumē esilumile, esilumē silumile, silumē asilumanga esingalumanga singalumanga
Class 8 zilumile, zilumē ezilumile, ezilumē zilumile, zilumē azilumanga ezingalumanga zingalumanga
Class 9 ilumile, ilumē elumile, elumē ilumile, ilumē ayilumanga engalumanga ingalumanga
Class 10 zilumile, zilumē ezilumile, ezilumē zilumile, zilumē azilumanga ezingalumanga zingalumanga
Class 11 lulumile, lulumē olulumile, olulumē lulumile, lulumē alulumanga olungalumanga lungalumanga
Class 14 bulumile, bulumē obulumile, obulumē bulumile, bulumē abulumanga obungalumanga bungalumanga
Class 15 kulumile, kulumē okulumile, okulumē kulumile, kulumē akulumanga okungalumanga kungalumanga
Class 17 kulumile, kulumē okulumile, okulumē kulumile, kulumē akulumanga okungalumanga kungalumanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāluma engāluma ngāluma angilumanga engingalumanga ngingalumanga
2nd singular wāluma owāluma wāluma awulumanga ongalumanga ungalumanga
1st plural sāluma esāluma sāluma asilumanga esingalumanga singalumanga
2nd plural nāluma enāluma nāluma anilumanga eningalumanga ningalumanga
Class 1 wāluma owāluma āluma akalumanga ongalumanga engalumanga
Class 2 bāluma abāluma bāluma abalumanga abangalumanga bengalumanga
Class 3 wāluma owāluma wāluma awulumanga ongalumanga ungalumanga
Class 4 yāluma eyāluma yāluma ayilumanga engalumanga ingalumanga
Class 5 lāluma elāluma lāluma alilumanga elingalumanga lingalumanga
Class 6 āluma āluma āluma awalumanga angalumanga engalumanga
Class 7 sāluma esāluma sāluma asilumanga esingalumanga singalumanga
Class 8 zāluma ezāluma zāluma azilumanga ezingalumanga zingalumanga
Class 9 yāluma eyāluma yāluma ayilumanga engalumanga ingalumanga
Class 10 zāluma ezāluma zāluma azilumanga ezingalumanga zingalumanga
Class 11 lwāluma olwāluma lwāluma alulumanga olungalumanga lungalumanga
Class 14 bāluma obāluma bāluma abulumanga obungalumanga bungalumanga
Class 15 kwāluma okwāluma kwāluma akulumanga okungalumanga kungalumanga
Class 17 kwāluma okwāluma kwāluma akulumanga okungalumanga kungalumanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingaluma ngingaluma ngingelume ngingelume
2nd singular ungaluma ungaluma ungelume ungelume
1st plural singaluma singaluma singelume singelume
2nd plural ningaluma ningaluma ningelume ningelume
Class 1 angaluma engaluma angelume engelume
Class 2 bangaluma bengaluma bangelume bengelume
Class 3 ungaluma ungaluma ungelume ungelume
Class 4 ingaluma ingaluma ingelume ingelume
Class 5 lingaluma lingaluma lingelume lingelume
Class 6 angaluma engaluma angelume engelume
Class 7 singaluma singaluma singelume singelume
Class 8 zingaluma zingaluma zingelume zingelume
Class 9 ingaluma ingaluma ingelume ingelume
Class 10 zingaluma zingaluma zingelume zingelume
Class 11 lungaluma lungaluma lungelume lungelume
Class 14 bungaluma bungaluma bungelume bungelume
Class 15 kungaluma kungaluma kungelume kungelume
Class 17 kungaluma kungaluma kungelume kungelume
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizoluma engizoluma ngizoluma angizuluma engingezuluma ngingezuluma
2nd singular uzoluma ozoluma uzoluma awuzuluma ongezuluma ungezuluma
1st plural sizoluma esizoluma sizoluma asizuluma esingezuluma singezuluma
2nd plural nizoluma enizoluma nizoluma anizuluma eningezuluma ningezuluma
Class 1 uzoluma ozoluma ezoluma akazuluma ongezuluma engezuluma
Class 2 bazoluma abazoluma bezoluma abazuluma abangezuluma bengezuluma
Class 3 uzoluma ozoluma uzoluma awuzuluma ongezuluma ungezuluma
Class 4 izoluma ezoluma izoluma ayizuluma engezuluma ingezuluma
Class 5 lizoluma elizoluma lizoluma alizuluma elingezuluma lingezuluma
Class 6 azoluma azoluma ezoluma awazuluma angezuluma engezuluma
Class 7 sizoluma esizoluma sizoluma asizuluma esingezuluma singezuluma
Class 8 zizoluma ezizoluma zizoluma azizuluma ezingezuluma zingezuluma
Class 9 izoluma ezoluma izoluma ayizuluma engezuluma ingezuluma
Class 10 zizoluma ezizoluma zizoluma azizuluma ezingezuluma zingezuluma
Class 11 luzoluma oluzoluma luzoluma aluzuluma olungezuluma lungezuluma
Class 14 buzoluma obuzoluma buzoluma abuzuluma obungezuluma bungezuluma
Class 15 kuzoluma okuzoluma kuzoluma akuzuluma okungezuluma kungezuluma
Class 17 kuzoluma okuzoluma kuzoluma akuzuluma okungezuluma kungezuluma
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyoluma engiyoluma ngiyoluma angiyuluma engingeyuluma ngingeyuluma
2nd singular uyoluma oyoluma uyoluma awuyuluma ongeyuluma ungeyuluma
1st plural siyoluma esiyoluma siyoluma asiyuluma esingeyuluma singeyuluma
2nd plural niyoluma eniyoluma niyoluma aniyuluma eningeyuluma ningeyuluma
Class 1 uyoluma oyoluma eyoluma akayuluma ongeyuluma engeyuluma
Class 2 bayoluma abayoluma beyoluma abayuluma abangeyuluma bengeyuluma
Class 3 uyoluma oyoluma uyoluma awuyuluma ongeyuluma ungeyuluma
Class 4 iyoluma eyoluma iyoluma ayiyuluma engeyuluma ingeyuluma
Class 5 liyoluma eliyoluma liyoluma aliyuluma elingeyuluma lingeyuluma
Class 6 ayoluma ayoluma eyoluma awayuluma angeyuluma engeyuluma
Class 7 siyoluma esiyoluma siyoluma asiyuluma esingeyuluma singeyuluma
Class 8 ziyoluma eziyoluma ziyoluma aziyuluma ezingeyuluma zingeyuluma
Class 9 iyoluma eyoluma iyoluma ayiyuluma engeyuluma ingeyuluma
Class 10 ziyoluma eziyoluma ziyoluma aziyuluma ezingeyuluma zingeyuluma
Class 11 luyoluma oluyoluma luyoluma aluyuluma olungeyuluma lungeyuluma
Class 14 buyoluma obuyoluma buyoluma abuyuluma obungeyuluma bungeyuluma
Class 15 kuyoluma okuyoluma kuyoluma akuyuluma okungeyuluma kungeyuluma
Class 17 kuyoluma okuyoluma kuyoluma akuyuluma okungeyuluma kungeyuluma
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngilume ngingalumi
2nd singular ulume ungalumi
1st plural silume singalumi
2nd plural nilume ningalumi
Class 1 alume angalumi
Class 2 balume bangalumi
Class 3 ulume ungalumi
Class 4 ilume ingalumi
Class 5 lilume lingalumi
Class 6 alume angalumi
Class 7 silume singalumi
Class 8 zilume zingalumi
Class 9 ilume ingalumi
Class 10 zilume zingalumi
Class 11 lulume lungalumi
Class 14 bulume bungalumi
Class 15 kulume kungalumi
Class 17 kulume kungalumi
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngaluma ngangaluma, angaluma, angangaluma
2nd singular waluma wangaluma, awaluma, awangaluma
1st plural saluma sangaluma, asaluma, asangaluma
2nd plural naluma nangaluma, analuma, anangaluma
Class 1 waluma wangaluma, akaluma, akangaluma
Class 2 baluma bangaluma, abaluma, abangaluma
Class 3 waluma wangaluma, awaluma, awangaluma
Class 4 yaluma yangaluma, ayaluma, ayangaluma
Class 5 laluma langaluma, alaluma, alangaluma
Class 6 aluma angaluma, awaluma, awangaluma
Class 7 saluma sangaluma, asaluma, asangaluma
Class 8 zaluma zangaluma, azaluma, azangaluma
Class 9 yaluma yangaluma, ayaluma, ayangaluma
Class 10 zaluma zangaluma, azaluma, azangaluma
Class 11 lwaluma lwangaluma, alwaluma, alwangaluma
Class 14 baluma bangaluma, abaluma, abangaluma
Class 15 kwaluma kwangaluma, akwaluma, akwangaluma
Class 17 kwaluma kwangaluma, akwaluma, akwangaluma

ReferencesEdit