- The OED suggests an unattested Old English form *drūnian . Harper 2001 points to Old English druncnian, "probably influenced" by Old Norse drukkna (cf. Danish drukne) . Funk & Wagnall's has Middle English drounen, drūnen, 'of uncertain origin'. It has been theorised (see e.g. ODS)  that it may represent a direct loan of Old Norse drukkna, but this is described by the OED as being "on phonetic and other grounds [...] highly improbable" .
- (intransitive) To be suffocated in water or other fluid; to perish by such suffocation.
- (transitive) To deprive of life by immersion in water or other liquid.
- (transitive) To overwhelm in water; to submerge; to inundate.
- (transitive) To overpower; to overcome; to extinguish; — said especially of sound; usually in the form "to drown out"
- (transitive) To lose, make hard to find or unnoticeable in an abundant mass
- The CIA gathers so much information that the actual answers it should seek are often drowned in the incessant flood of reports, recordings, satellite images etc.
- (overwhelm) flood
to be suffocated in fluid
to deprive of life by immerson in liquid
to overwhelm in water
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
Translations to be checked
- OED: drown, v. (subscription required)
- ^ “drown” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary (2001).
- ^ “drukne” in Ordbog over det danske Sprog: oldn. drukkna (eng. drown er laant fra nord.) (in English: Old Norse drukkna (the English drown is a loanword from Old Norse))