- The OED suggests an unattested Old English form *drūnian . Harper 2001 points to Old English druncnian, "probably influenced" by Old Norse drukkna (cf. Danish drukne) . Funk & Wagnall's has Middle English drounen, drūnen, 'of uncertain origin'. It has been theorised (see e.g. ODS)  that it may represent a direct loan of Old Norse drukkna, but this is described by the OED as being "on phonetic and other grounds [...] highly improbable" .
- (intransitive) To die from suffocation while immersed in water or other fluid.
- When I was a baby, I nearly drowned in the bathtub.
- (transitive) To kill by suffocating in water or another liquid.
- The car thief fought with an officer and tried to drown a police dog before being shot while escaping.
- (transitive) To flood: to inundate with or submerge in (literally) water or (figuratively) other things.
- We are drowning in information but starving for wisdom.
- (transitive, figuratively) To overwhelm in a similar manner.
- He drowns his sorrows in buckets of chocolate ice cream.
- (transitive, usually passive) To lose, particularly amid an overwhelming mess of other items.
- The answers intelligence services seek are often drowned in the flood of information they can now gather.
When using the term figuratively to describe overwhelming sounds, the form drown out is usually employed.
to be suffocated in fluid
to deprive of life by immerson in liquid
to overwhelm in water
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
Translations to be checked
- OED: drown, v. (subscription required)
- ^ “drown” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary (2001).
- ^ “drukne” in Ordbog over det danske Sprog: oldn. drukkna (eng. drown er laant fra nord.) (in English: Old Norse drukkna (the English drown is a loanword from Old Norse))