M U+004D, M
LATIN CAPITAL LETTER M
L
[U+004C]
Basic Latin N
[U+004E]
U+216F, Ⅿ
ROMAN NUMERAL ONE THOUSAND

[U+216E]
Number Forms
[U+2170]
U+FF2D, M
FULLWIDTH LATIN CAPITAL LETTER M

[U+FF2C]
Halfwidth and Fullwidth Forms
[U+FF2E]

Translingual edit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology 1 edit

From the Etruscan letter 𐌌 (m, em), from the Ancient Greek letter Μ (M, mu), derived from the Phoenician letter 𐤌 (m, mem), from the Egyptian hieroglyph 𓈖.

Alternative forms edit

  • (in ancient inscriptions)

Letter edit

M (lower case m)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.
See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

An alteration of , from , an alteration of , an alteration of , from encircling X (the roman numeral for ten) to indicate the hundredth ten.

Alternative forms edit

Numeral edit

M (upper case Roman numeral, lower case m)

  1. (Roman numerals) Thousand (1000)
  2. The thousandth (1,000th).

Etymology 3 edit

Symbol edit

M

  1. Male, infrequently appended to age.
  2. Abbreviation of mega-.
  3. (astronomy) Abbreviation of Messier, used in Messier numbers.
  4. (biochemistry) Abbreviation of methionine, as established by IUPAC.
  5. (chemistry) Abbreviation of molar (one mole of substance per litre of solvent).
  6. (mathematical analysis) A generic manifold.
  7. (group theory) monster group
  8. (music) major
  9. (linguistics) mid tone
  10. (astronomy) mass of a reference body as a unit of measure
    Msolar mass; M🜨terrestrial mass; MJ or Mjovian mass; ML or Mlunar mass
  11. (usually clothing) medium (the manufactured size)
Usage notes edit

Because of the potential for confusion, the abbreviation for unit "molar" is usually written in italics (M) or in small caps (). M for reference mass is usually written in italics.

Gallery edit

See also edit

The template Template:Letter does not use the parameter(s):
Character=M
Please see Module:checkparams for help with this warning.

Other representations of M:

English edit

Etymology 1 edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (name of letter) IPA(key): /ɛm/
(file)

Letter edit

M (upper case, lower case m, plural Ms or M's)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the English alphabet, called em and written in the Latin script.
See also edit
See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Number edit

M (upper case, lower case m)

  1. The ordinal number thirteenth, derived from this letter of the English alphabet, called em and written in the Latin script.

Etymology 3 edit

Abbreviation.

Noun edit

M (countable and uncountable, plural Ms)

  1. Initialism of mother.
  2. Initialism of men (sign on toilet door).
    Coordinate term: W
    • 2001, Jonathan Franzen, The Corrections, New York, NY: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, →ISBN, page 332:
      From the Kierkegaard Room he lopingly careened through a red-carpeted hallway that had previously vouchsafed him a comfort station but this morning seemed all business, no M or W in sight, just salons and boutiques and the Ingmar Bergman Cinema.
  3. Abbreviation of Monday.
    Synonyms: Mon, Mon.
  4. Abbreviation of nautical mile.
  5. Initialism of million.
  6. (entomology) Initialism of media.
  7. (usually clothing, singular only) Initialism of medium (the manufactured size or an item of that size).
    Coordinate terms: XXS, XS, S, L, XL, XXL
  8. (US, film) A film with the content rating M.
  9. (in job listings) Abbreviation of minority.
    EOE M/F/V/Hequal opportunity employer (minority, female, veteran, handicap)
  10. (slang) Initialism of morphine.
    • 1952, Woman's Home Companion, volume 79, page 141:
      [Doctors] always carry narcotic prescription blanks and some M with them. M is morphine.
    • 1956, Jess Stearn, Sisters of the Night: The Startling Story of Prostitution in New York Today, New York: Julian Messner, Inc., page 59:
      “Anyway, when he came out of Patsy's room, I grabbed him by the arm and said, ‘Gee whiz, doc, haven't you got a couple of pills for me—even demerol?’ ” / Willie broke off to explain. “That's a synthetic. We call them demmies. If you can't buy H or M, why, demmies will do the trick.”
    • 1957, Jack Kerouac, On the Road, Viking Press, →OCLC:
      That night Marylou took everything in the books; she took tea, goofballs, benny, liquor, and even asked Old Bull for a shot of M, which of course he didn’t give her; he did give her a martini.
    • 2009, Larry Harrison, Glimpses of a Floating World, page 142:
      'You were going to get me some M,' she whispered in his ear. [] His friend uses morphine, too.
  11. (cricket, in batting figures) the number of minutes a player spent at the crease
  12. (cricket, in bowling figures) the number of maiden overs bowled
  13. (India, Islam, Internet slang) Initialism of Muslim; mostly used by Hindutva netizens primarily towards Islamist supporters and Muslim militants.
    Coordinate term: H (Hindu)
  14. Initialism of masochist.
    • 1980 April 5, Brian O'Dell, “Sensuality/Mutuality”, in Gay Community News, page 4:
      In all the sexual encounters I have participated in or know of the "M" sets the limits as to what to get into and how much pain will be applied. And of course if the scene gets too rough the "M" has the right to stop it.

Noun edit

M (plural Messrs or MM)

  1. Monsieur.
    Alternative form: M.
    • 1928 May, Paul Morand, “Paris Letter”, in The Dial, volume LXXXIV, number 6, published June 1928, page 508:
      I also advise reading the Merlin of M Jean Prévost, published by the N. R. F., a swift audacious picture of post-war love, treated with the grace of a Crébillon or of a Restif de la Bretonne. I could not recommend too highly the Petite Histoire des Juifs which MM Jean and Jérôme Tharaud have just published with Plon.
Usage notes edit

The current standard form in French is M., with MM. as the plural.

Noun edit

M

  1. (stenoscript) Abbreviation of month.

Proper noun edit

M

  1. (Michigan, roadway) Michigan.

Adjective edit

M (not comparable)

  1. Initialism of male.
    Coordinate terms: F, X
  2. (usually clothing) Initialism of medium (of the manufactured size).
    Coordinate terms: XXS, XS, S, L, XL, XXL
  3. Initialism of mature.
    (Can we add an example for this sense?)

Afar edit

Letter edit

M

  1. The seventeenth letter in the Afar alphabet.

See also edit

Afrikaans edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /ɛm/

Letter edit

M (upper case, lower case m)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Afrikaans alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Noun edit

M (plural M'e, diminutive M'etjie)

  1. M

Angami edit

Letter edit

M

  1. The thirty-second letter of the Angami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Azerbaijani edit

Letter edit

M upper case (lower case m)

  1. The nineteenth letter of the Azerbaijani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Basque edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

M (upper case, lower case m)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Basque alphabet, called eme and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Central Franconian edit

Etymology edit

  • /m/ is from West Germanic *m.

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

M

  1. A letter in the German-based alphabet of Central Franconian.
  2. A letter in the Dutch-based alphabet of Central Franconian.

Usage notes edit

Chinese edit

Etymology 1 edit

From English menstruation or menstrual cycle.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

M

  1. (Hong Kong Cantonese, colloquial) menstruation
  2. (Hong Kong Cantonese, colloquial) menstrual cycle
  3. (Hong Kong Cantonese, colloquial) menses; menstrual blood
Synonyms edit
Derived terms edit

Verb edit

M

  1. (Hong Kong Cantonese, colloquial) to menstruate; to have a period

Etymology 2 edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

M

  1. (Hong Kong Cantonese, university slang) to nab; to take without asking
Synonyms edit

Etymology 3 edit

From English M or English metre.

Pronunciation edit


Classifier edit

M

  1. (Hong Kong Cantonese) metre
Synonyms edit

Etymology 4 edit

From English M, meg (megabyte).

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit


Noun edit

M

  1. (computing, informal) megabyte
Related terms edit
  • G (gigabyte)

Etymology 5 edit

Pronunciation 1 edit


Letter edit

M

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Latin alphabet.

Pronunciation 2 edit


Letter edit

M

  1. The third letter used in Pinyin.
Usage notes edit
  • 《汉语拼音方案》 defines a standard pronunciation for each letter. However, these pronunciations are rarely used in education; another pronunciation is commonly used instead.
  • The pronunciation above are only used while referring to letters in Pinyin. They are not used in other context (such as English).
  • The official pronunciation defined in 《汉语拼音方案》, ㄝㄇ (ê̄m), is not a valid syllable in Pinyin.

Dutch edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

M (capital, lowercase m)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Dutch alphabet.

See also edit

  • Previous letter: L
  • Next letter: N

Elfdalian edit

Alternative forms edit

  • , M (Dalecarlian runes)

Letter edit

M (upper case M, lower case m)

  1. The sixteenth letter of the Elfdalian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Esperanto edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

M (upper case, lower case m)

  1. The sixteenth letter of the Esperanto alphabet, called mo and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Estonian edit

 
Estonian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia et

Letter edit

M (upper case, lower case m)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Estonian alphabet, called emm and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Finnish edit

Etymology edit

The Finnish orthography using the Latin script was based on those of Swedish, German and Latin, and was first used in the mid-16th century. No earlier script is known. See the Wikipedia article on Finnish for more information, and M for information on the development of the glyph itself.

Letter edit

M (upper case, lower case m)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Finnish alphabet, called äm or em and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Noun edit

M

  1. Abbreviation of magna cum laude approbatur.
  2. Abbreviation of mies (man, male).

Adjective edit

M

  1. Abbreviation of maidoton (milk-free, dairy-free) (e.g. in restaurant menus).

Usage notes edit

The abbreviations G, L, VL and M are the most common of their kind seen in restaurant menus. Other abbreviations are also seen, but not as standardized. Most menus contain a list of the abbreviations they use, including the four common ones.

French edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

M (lowercase m)

  1. the thirteenth letter of the French alphabet, preceded by L and followed by N

German edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

M (upper case, lower case m)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the German alphabet.

Noun edit

M f (genitive M, no plural)

  1. (historical, East Germany) Abbreviation of Mark der DDR.
    Coordinate term: DM

Declension edit

Hungarian edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (phoneme): IPA(key): [ˈm]
  • (letter name): IPA(key): [ˈɛmː]

Letter edit

M (upper case, lower case m)

  1. The twenty-first letter of the Hungarian alphabet, called emm and written in the Latin script.

Declension edit

Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative M M-ek
accusative M-et M-eket
dative M-nek M-eknek
instrumental M-mel M-ekkel
causal-final M-ért M-ekért
translative M-mé M-ekké
terminative M-ig M-ekig
essive-formal M-ként M-ekként
essive-modal
inessive M-ben M-ekben
superessive M-en M-eken
adessive M-nél M-eknél
illative M-be M-ekbe
sublative M-re M-ekre
allative M-hez M-ekhez
elative M-ből M-ekből
delative M-ről M-ekről
ablative M-től M-ektől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
M-é M-eké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
M-éi M-ekéi
Possessive forms of M
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. M-em M-eim
2nd person sing. M-ed M-eid
3rd person sing. M-e M-ei
1st person plural M-ünk M-eink
2nd person plural M-etek M-eitek
3rd person plural M-ük M-eik

See also edit

Ido edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

M (lower case m)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Ido alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Indonesian edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

M (upper case, lower case m)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Indonesian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Italian edit

 
Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

M f or m (invariable, upper case, lower case m)

  1. The eleventh letter of the Italian alphabet, called emme and written in the Latin script.

Symbol edit

M

  1. down with
    Antonym: W (up with)

See also edit

Japanese edit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Etymology 1 edit

From the initial letter of English medium.

Noun edit

M(エム) (emu

  1. medium size
Synonyms edit
Related terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

From the initial letter of English masochism; compare English S&M.

Noun edit

M(エム) (emu

  1. (sexuality, euphemistic) masochism, masochist
  2. (colloquial) submissive personality
Antonyms edit
Derived terms edit

Kashubian edit

Etymology edit

The Kashubian orthography is based on the Latin alphabet. No earlier script is known. See the Kashubian alphabet article on Wikipedia for more, and M for development of the glyph itself.

Letter edit

M (upper case, lower case m)

  1. The eighteenth letter of the Kashubian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Latvian edit

 
Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lv

Etymology edit

Proposed in 1908 as part of the new Latvian spelling by the scientific commission headed by K. Mīlenbahs, which was accepted and began to be taught in schools in 1909. Prior to that, Latvian had been written in German Fraktur, and sporadically in Cyrillic.

Pronunciation edit

(file)

Letter edit

 
M

M (upper case, lower case m)

  1. The twentieth letter of the Latvian alphabet, called em and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Malay edit

 
Malay Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ms

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

M

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Nupe edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

M (upper case, lower case m)

  1. The sixteenth letter of the Nupe alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Polish edit

Etymology edit

The Polish orthography is based on the Latin alphabet. No earlier script is known. See the history of Polish orthography article on Wikipedia for more, and M for development of the glyph itself.

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

M (upper case, lower case m)

  1. The seventeenth letter of the Polish alphabet, called em and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Portuguese edit

Letter edit

M (upper case, lower case m)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Portuguese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Romani edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

M (upper case, lower case m)

  1. (International Standard) The seventeenth letter of the Romani alphabet, written in the Latin script.
  2. (Pan-Vlax) The eighteenth letter of the Romani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Romanian edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

M (upper case, lower case m)

  1. The sixteenth letter of the Romanian alphabet, called em, me, or and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Saanich edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

M

  1. The twentieth letter of the Saanich alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Scottish Gaelic edit

Letter edit

M (upper case, lower case m)

  1. The eleventh letter of the Scottish Gaelic alphabet, written in the Latin script. It is preceded by l and followed by n. Its traditional name is muin (vine).

See also edit

Silesian edit

Etymology edit

The Silesian orthography is based on the Latin alphabet. No earlier script is known. See the Silesian language article on Wikipedia for more, and M for development of the glyph itself.

Letter edit

M (upper case, lower case m)

  1. The sixteenth letter of the Silesian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Skolt Sami edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

M (lower case m)

  1. The twenty-first letter of the Skolt Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Slovene edit

 
Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sl

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

M (capital, lowercase m)

  1. The 14th letter of the Slovene alphabet. Preceded by L and followed by N.

Somali edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

M upper case (lower case m)

  1. The eighteenth letter of the Somali alphabet, called miim and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes edit

  1. The eighteenth letter of the Somali alphabet, which follows Arabic abjad order. It is preceded by L and followed by N.

See also edit

Spanish edit

Letter edit

M (upper case, lower case m)

  1. the 13th letter of the Spanish alphabet

Tagalog edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Spanish M. Each pronunciation has a different source:

  • Filipino alphabet pronunciation is influenced by English M.
  • Abakada alphabet pronunciation is influenced by Baybayin character (ma).
  • Abecedario pronunciation is from Spanish M.

Pronunciation edit

  • (Standard Tagalog)
    • IPA(key): /ˈʔem/ [ˈʔɛm] (letter name, Filipino alphabet)
    • IPA(key): /ˈma/ [ˈma] (letter name, Abakada alphabet)
      • Rhymes: -a
    • IPA(key): /ˈʔeme/ [ˈʔɛ.mɛ] (letter name, Abecedario)
    • IPA(key): /m/ [m] (phoneme)

Letter edit

M (upper case, lower case m, Baybayin spelling ᜁᜋ᜔)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Tagalog alphabet (the Filipino alphabet), called em and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Letter edit

M (upper case, lower case m, Baybayin spelling )

  1. The tenth letter of the Tagalog alphabet (the Abakada alphabet), called ma and written in the Latin script.

Letter edit

M (upper case, lower case m, Baybayin spelling ᜁᜋᜒ)

  1. (historical) The fifteenth letter of the Tagalog alphabet (the Abecedario), called eme and written in the Latin script.

Further reading edit

  • chapter M, in Pambansang Diksiyonaryo | Diksiyonaryo.ph, Manila, 2018

Turkish edit

Letter edit

M (upper case, lower case m)

  1. The sixteenth letter of the Turkish alphabet, called me and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Vietnamese edit

Pronunciation edit

3=mờ Please see Module:checkparams for help with this warning.

Letter edit

M (upper case, lower case m)

  1. The fifteenth letter of the Vietnamese alphabet, called e-mờ, em-mờ, or mờ and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Welsh edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

M (upper case, lower case m)

  1. The seventeenth letter of the Welsh alphabet, called em and written in the Latin script. It is preceded by Ll and followed by N.

Mutation edit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
merch ferch unchanged unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

See also edit

Further reading edit

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), chapter M, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies

Yoruba edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

M (upper case, lower case m)

  1. The fourteenth letter of the Yoruba alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Zulu edit

Letter edit

M (upper case, lower case m)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Zulu alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit