- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ɡɹɑːft/
- (US, Northern England) IPA(key): /ɡɹæft/
- Rhymes: -ɑːft, -æft
From Middle English graffe, from Old French greffe (“stylus”), from Latin graphium (“stylus”), from Ancient Greek γραφείον (grapheíon), from γράφειν (gráphein, “to write”); probably akin to English carve. So named from the resemblance of a scion or shoot to a pointed pencil. Compare graphic, grammar.
- (countable) A small shoot or scion of a tree inserted in another tree, the stock of which is to support and nourish it. The two unite and become one tree, but the graft determines the kind of fruit.
- (countable) A branch or portion of a tree growing from such a shoot.
- (surgery, countable) A portion of living tissue used in the operation of autoplasty.
- (transitive) To insert (a graft) in a branch or stem of another tree; to propagate by insertion in another stock; also, to insert a graft upon.
- (transitive, surgery) To implant a portion of (living flesh or akin) in a lesion so as to form an organic union.
- (transitive) To join (one thing) to another as if by grafting, so as to bring about a close union.
- 1717 Eloisa to Abelard. And graft my love immortal on thy fame! — Alexander Pope
- (transitive, nautical) To cover, as a ring bolt, block strap, splicing, etc., with a weaving of small cord or rope-yarns.
- (intransitive) To insert scions (grafts) from one tree, or kind of tree, etc., into another; to practice grafting.
- (chemistry) To form a graft polymer
graft (plural grafts)
- Alternative form of (“canal”)
- The depth of the blade of a digging tool such as a spade or shovel.
- A narrow spade used in digging drainage trenches.
- (uncountable) Corruption in official life.
- (uncountable) Illicit profit by corrupt means, especially in public life.
- (uncountable, slang) A criminal’s special branch of practice.
- (countable) A con job.
- (countable, slang) A cut of the take (money).
- (uncountable, US, politics) A bribe, especially on an ongoing basis. (Can we add an example for this sense?)
- (Britain) (uncountable, colloquial) Work; labor
- (Britain) (countable, colloquial) A job or trade.
- (Britain) (uncountable, colloquial) Effort needed for doing hard work.
- grafter (“grifter”)
- graft in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911 See supplements.