See also: Dot, DOT, Dớt, dot-, do't, đốt, and đột

Contents

EnglishEdit

 
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PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English *dot, from Old English dott (a dot, point), from Proto-Germanic *duttaz (wisp). Cognate with Saterland Frisian Dot, Dotte (a clump), Dutch dot (lump, knot, clod), Low German Dutte (a plug), Swedish dialectal dott (a little heap, bunch, clump).

NounEdit

dot (plural dots)

  1. A small spot.
    a dot of colour
  2. (grammar) A punctuation mark used to indicate the end of a sentence or an abbreviated part of a word; a full stop; a period.
  3. A diacritical mark comprised of a small opaque circle above or below any of various letters of the Latin script. Examples include: Ȧ, Ạ, Ḅ, Ḃ, Ċ, etc.
  4. (mathematics) A symbol used for separating the fractional part of a decimal number from the whole part, for indicating multiplication or a scalar product, or for various other purposes.
  5. One of the two symbols used in Morse code.
  6. (obsolete) A lump or clot.
  7. Anything small and like a speck comparatively; a small portion or specimen.
    a dot of a child
  8. (cricket, informal) A dot ball.
SynonymsEdit
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

dot (third-person singular simple present dots, present participle dotting, simple past and past participle dotted)

  1. (transitive) To cover with small spots (of some liquid).
    His jacket was dotted with splashes of paint.
  2. (transitive) To add a dot (the symbol) or dots to.
    Dot your is and cross your ts.
  3. To mark by means of dots or small spots.
    to dot a line
  4. To mark or diversify with small detached objects.
    to dot a landscape with cottages
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

PrepositionEdit

dot

  1. Dot product of the previous vector and the following vector.
    The work is equal to F dot Δx.
Coordinate termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From French dot.

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

dot (plural dots)

  1. (US, Louisiana) A dowry.
    • 1919, W. Somerset Maugham, The Moon and Sixpence, chapter 53
      "Have you the pictures still?" I asked.
      "Yes; I am keeping them till my daughter is of marriageable age, and then I shall sell them. They will be her dot."
    • 1927, Anna Bowman Dodd, Talleyrand: the Training of a Statesman:
      As a bride, Madame de Talleyrand had brought a small dot of fifteen thousand francs to the family fund.

AnagramsEdit


AlbanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Albanian *dhētim, accusative of Proto-Indo-European *dhē 'to put'. Alternatively it might represent a univerbation of do and .

VerbEdit

dot

  1. Not even.
    Nuk e bëj dot.
    I can't even do it.
Related termsEdit

CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin dōte

NounEdit

dot m (plural dots)

  1. dowry
  2. gift, talent

SynonymsEdit

  • (gift): do

External linksEdit


DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

dot m, f (plural dotten, diminutive dotje n)

  1. cutie, something small and adorable
  2. darling, sweetie (almost always used in its diminutive form - dotje)
  3. (informal) a lot, a large amount
    een dot geld - a lot of money
  4. a swab

SynonymsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin dos, dotis.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

dot f (plural dots)

  1. dowry, marriage portion

Derived termsEdit

External linksEdit


IrishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

ContractionEdit

dot (triggers lenition)

  1. (Munster) Contraction of do do (to your sg, for your sg).
    An bhfuilir dílis dot chéile?
    Are you faithful to your spouse?

Related termsEdit


Klamath-ModocEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • tút (Gatschet)

NounEdit

dot

  1. tooth

ReferencesEdit

  • Barker, M. A. R. (1963). Klamath Dictionary. University of California Publications in Linguistics 31. Berkeley/Los Angeles: University of California Press.
  • Gatschet, Samuel S. (1890). The Klamath Indians of southwestern Oregon. Volume II, Part II. United States Government Printing Office.
This entry has fewer than three known examples of actual usage, the minimum considered necessary for clear attestation, and may not be reliable. Klamath-Modoc is subject to a special exemption for languages with limited documentation. If you speak it, please consider editing this entry or adding citations. See also Help and the Community Portal.

KurdishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Iranian (compare Persian دختر (doχtar), دخت (doχt), Pashto لور (lur), Avestan 𐬛𐬎𐬔𐬆𐬛𐬀𐬭 (dugǝdar-)), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *dʰugʰdʰā (compare Sanskrit दुहितृ (duhitṛ), from *dʰuǰʰitr-), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰugh₂tḗr (compare Armenian դուստր (dustr), Greek θυγατέρα (thygatéra), Lithuanian duktė, Russian дочь (dočʹ), English daughter).

NounEdit

dot f

  1. daughter

Related termsEdit


LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From earlier *duoti, *duotie, from Proto-Baltic *do-tey (perhaps from Proto-Balto-Slavic *dōˀtei[1]), from Proto-Indo-European *dō, *deh₃- (to give). The present tense forms are new formations, replacing the old athematic forms (still attested in dialectal forms like domu (I give) instead of dodu). The past tense forms are from earlier *davu (cf. Lithuanian daviaũ); the e was extended from the past active participle form devis (< *devens < *de-d-wens). Cognates include Lithuanian dúoti, Old Prussian dāt, Sudovian dodi (< *duodi), Proto-Slavic *dati (Old Church Slavonic дати (dati), Russian дать (datʹ), Ukrainian дати (dáti), Belarusian даць (dac'), Bulgarian дам (dam, I give), Czech dáti, Polish dać), Sanskrit ददाति (dádāti, he gives), दातुम् (dātum), Ancient Greek δίδωμι (dídōmi, I give), Latin dare, (I give).[2]

PronunciationEdit

(file)

VerbEdit

dot tr., no conj., pres. dodu, dod, dod, past devu

  1. to give (to hand to someone, so that s/he can have it)
    dot lakatu māteito give a scarf to (one's) mother
    dot ziedusto give flowers
    dot draugam grāmatu izlasītto give a friend a book to read
    dot atslēgasto give the keys
    dot kasierei nauduto give money to the cashier
    dot bērnam maizes šķēlito give a child a slice of bread
    dot govīm sienuto give hay to the cows
    dot sienuto give hay (to throw it with a fork)
    dot mēslojumuto give fertilizer, to fertilize (land, soil)
    dot ēstto give food (lit. to give to eat)
    dot bērnam krūtito give (one's) breast to a child (= to nurse, breastfeed a child)
    dot rokuto give (one's) hand (= to wave, to greet someone, to shake hands, to hold hands)
    dot maizito give bread; to provide food (e.g., in old age)
    bet kas tad tev vecumā dos maizi?but who will give you bread (= provide you with food) in (your) old age?
  2. to give, to provide (to allow the use of a material object, to free a place for someone else's use)
    dot autobusu ekskursijaito give a bus to the excursion
    dot naktsmājas tūristiemto provide accommodation for tourists
    dot asinis, kaula smadzenesto give (= donate) blood, bone marrow
    dot trolejbusā vietu vecākiem pasažieriemto give one's place on the trolley to older passengers
    kā es vēlāk uzzināju, mājas pagaidām dod tikai ģimenēmas I later found out, for the time being they are giving houses only to families
  3. (colloquial) to give in marriage
    krievi, krievi, leiši, leiši... visi man draugi, radi; krievam devu savu māsiņu, pats es ņēmu leišu meituRussians, Russians, Lithuanians, Lithuanians... all friends, relatives to me; to a Russian I gave my little sister, (and) I myself took a Lithuanian girl (as wife)
  4. (colloquial) to allow (e.g., a son or daughter) to work, to be employed
    dot dēlu par ganuto give a son as a shepherd (= to allow a son to work as a shepherd)
  5. to give, to grant, to procure, to secure (a state, circumstances)
    dot darbuto give work
    dot atvaļinājumuto give a holiday
    dot patstāvību, brīvībuto give autonomy, freedom
    dot priekšrokuto give (one's) preference (to...)
    dot iespējuto give the opportunity, the possibility (of...)
    man bija dots mēness, lai atpūstos pēc ziemas darbiema month was given to me, so that I would rest after winter's work
  6. to give, to dedicate, to donate, to provide (at birth)
    tev, meistar, dodam mīlestību savuto you, master, we give our love
    arī tas taisnums māksla, to iemācīties nevarēja, tas cilvēkam vai nu dots no paša sākuma, vai palika visu mūžu nesasniegtsalso that straightness (is) art, one can't learn it, either it is given from the very beginning (= from birth), or it remains unobtained (for one's) whole life
  7. (dated sense) to allow, to permit
    stāstu mātei, ka Dāvis man dod braukt patstāvīgiI tell (my) mother that Dāvis gave (= allowed) me to drive by myself
  8. to give (to express orally or in writing)
    dot rīkojumuto give instructions, orders
    dot pavēlito give a command, an order
    dot norādījumusto give instructions
    dot atļaujuto give permission
    dot solījumuto make (lit. give) a promise
    dot zvērestuto take (lit. give) an oath
    dot ieteikumuto give a recommendation
    dot parakstuto give (one's) signature (= to sign)
    dot liecībuto bear, give testimony
    dot norēķinuto give a report (of one's actions)
    dot vārdu, nosaukumuto give a name, a denomination
    dot ziņuto give knowledge of (= to report; to announce)
  9. to give (to add to a text)
    dot vārdnīcai stilistiskās norādesto give a dictionary stylistic references
    piezīmes dotas parindēscomments (are) given in parentheses
  10. (mathematics, usually in the past passive participle form dots) to be given, to be known from the start
    dotais lielumsgiven quantity
    uzdevums bija kvadrāta un taisnstūra laukuma aprēķināšana, ja dots perimetrsthe task was the calculation of the square and rectangular area, if the perimeter is given
    kopu uzskata par dotu, ja ir dots pilns tās elementu sarakstsa set is considered to be given if a full list of its elements is given
  11. (of physical or mental states) to give (to create, to inspire, to generate)
    dot drosmi cīņāto give courage in (= to) fight
    dot možumuto give liveliness
    dot priekuto give joy, pleasure
    dot mieruto give peace (of mind)
    dot iemesluto give (= create, be) a reason
    cerība viņus sildīja un deva jaunus spēkus cīņai par savu dzīvībuhope warmed them and gave (them) new strength for the fight for their lives
    neesmu taču ne mazāko iemeslu devis, kas tai būtu varējis modināt cerībasI haven't given even the slightest reason to arouse expectations, hopes
  12. (of results, effects) to give, to provide, to be the cause (of something)
    eksperiments dod gaidītos resultātusthe experiment is giving the expected results
    pētījums dod jaunas atziņasthe study gives new insights
    dot ēnu, paēnuto give (= create) shade, a shadow (e.g., a tree)
    ko tas (mums) dod?what does this give (us)? (= what good is there in it for us?)
  13. (of material objects, values; also of spiritual or cultural values) to give, to produce, to create
    dot produkciju virs plānato give production (= to produce) above the plan
    govs dod daudz piena(this) cow gives a lot of milk
    jaunā aitu šķirne dod augstvērtīgu vilnuthe new breed of sheep gives high-quality wool
    augļu koki pēc dziļām ziemām dažkārt dod bagātīgas augļu ražasfruit trees after deep winters sometimes give abundant fruit harvests
    elektriskais motors dos baltu, spodru gaismuthe electric motor will give white, bright light
    pēdējā laikā gleznotājs devis vairākas vērtīgas gleznasin recent times, (this) painter has given (= produced) many valuable paintings
    visvairāk latviešu literārā valodā iesakņojušos jaunvārdu devuši J. Alunāns, Kronvaldu Atis, Rainis un A. Upītsmost of the new words that struck root in the Latvian literary languages (were) given (by) J. Alunāns, Kronvaldu Atis, Rainis and A. Upīts
  14. (colloquial) to give, to pay
    jauna mašīna maksā četrus tūkstošus, jūsēja ir pietiekami nobraukta, lai par to nedotu pat pusotraa new car costs four thousand, (but) yours is quite traveled, so that (one) wouldn't give one and a half thousand (= fifteen hundred)
  15. (colloquial, a person's age, by sight) to give, to estimate as
    Mare vēl bija izskatīga sieva, četrdesmit sešus viņai gandrīz nevarēja dotMare was still a handsome woman, you almost couldn't give her forty-six (years of age)
  16. (colloquial) to hit
    dot pa āduto give on the skin (= to beat, to flog, to thrash)
    tevi kāds sit, dod pretī, neļaujies apvainot!(if) someone hits you, give (= hit) back, don't let (him) offend you!
    viņš deva ar cirvi lācim pa pauri, lācis beigtshe gave (hit) the bear on the top of the head with an axe, the bear (is now) finished (= dead)
    es šim vīram devu vienu pliķiI gave this man a slap (= I slapped his face)
  17. (colloquial) to shoot, to give a shot
    nedomā kustēt! ja bēgsi, no abiem stobriem tev došu stilbosdon't (even) think about moving! if you run, from both barrels I will give (= shoot) (you) in the leg

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

prefixed verbs:
other derived terms:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Kim, Ronald (forth.), “The Phonology of Balto-Slavic”, in Jared S. Klein, Brian Joseph, and Matthias Fritz, editors, Comparative Indo-European Linguistics: An International Handbook of Language Comparison and the Reconstruction of Indo-European[1], Berlin: de Gruyter
  2. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “dot”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7

LojbanEdit

RafsiEdit

dot

  1. rafsi of dotco.

MalayEdit

NounEdit

dot

  1. nipple, teat

Northern SamiEdit

EtymologyEdit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

DeterminerEdit

dot

  1. yonder, that way over there (very far from speaker and listener)

InflectionEdit

Inflection of dot (pronominal declension)
Nominative dot
Genitive don
singular plural
Nominative dot dot
Genitive don doid
Accusative don doid
Illative dosa doidda
Locative dos doin
Comitative doinna doiguin
Essive donin

Old DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *daudaz.

AdjectiveEdit

dōt

  1. dead

InflectionEdit

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

DescendantsEdit


VolapükEdit

NounEdit

dot (plural dots)

  1. doubt

DeclensionEdit