See also: Pinus

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the genus name. Doublet of pine.

NounEdit

pinus (plural pinuses)

  1. (botany) Any member of the genus Pinus; a pine.
    • 1839, J. C. Loudon, The Gardener's Magazine (page 420)
      I have been invited to see the garden of Baron Zanoli, situated on the high road from Monza to Milan, in which I am told there are fine exotic trees and shrubs, and especially a rich collection of pinuses.
    • 1853, George Greenwood, The tree-lifter (page 265)
      As the generality of pinuses grow by nature into magnificent and gigantic forest-trees, they should, I think, be planted in our parks as well as in our flower-gardens, shrubberies, and lawns.

LatinEdit

 
pīnus (a pine)

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *peyH- (fat). Cognate with Sanskrit पितु (pitu, sap, juice, resin), English fat.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

pīnus f (variously declined, genitive pīnūs or pīnī); fourth declension, second declension

  1. pine tree, fir tree
  2. pinewood, or a thing made of such wood
  3. lance, spear
  4. wreath of pine leaves
  5. pine forest, pineland
    Synonym: pinetum

DeclensionEdit

Fourth-declension noun or second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative pīnus pīnūs
pīnī
Genitive pīnūs
pīnī
pīnuum
pīnōrum
Dative pīnuī
pīnō
pīnibus
pīnīs
Accusative pīnum pīnūs
pīnōs
Ablative pīnū
pīnō
pīnibus
pīnīs
Vocative pīnus
pīne
pīnūs
pīnī

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Aragonese: pino
  • Aromanian: chin
  • Asturian: pinu
  • Basque: pinu
  • Corsican: pinu
  • French: pin
  • Friulian: pin
  • Galician: piñeiro
  • Irish: péine, pín

ReferencesEdit

  • pinus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • pinus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pinus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • pinus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette