profane

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle French prophane, from Latin profānus (not religious, unclean), from pro- (before) + fānum (temple).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

profane (comparative profaner or more profane, superlative profanest or most profane)

  1. Unclean; ritually impure; unholy, desecrating a holy place or thing.
    • Sir Walter Raleigh
      Nothing is profane that serveth to holy things.
  2. Not sacred or holy, unconsecrated; relating to non-religious matters, secular.
    • I. Disraeli
      profane authors
    • Gibbon
      The profane wreath was suspended before the shrine.
  3. Treating sacred things with contempt, disrespect, irreverence, or undue familiarity; blasphemous, impious. Hence, specifically; Irreverent in language; taking the name of God in vain; given to swearing; blasphemous; as, a profane person, word, oath, or tongue.
    a profane person, word, oath, or tongue
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Bible, 1 Tim. i. 9 to this entry?)

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

NounEdit

profane (plural profanes)

  1. A person or thing that is profane.
    • 1796, Matthew Lewis, The Monk, Folio Society 1985, p. 244:
      The nuns were employed in religious duties established in honour of St Clare, and to which no profane was ever admitted.
  2. (freemasonry) A person not a Mason.

VerbEdit

profane (third-person singular simple present profanes, present participle profaning, simple past and past participle profaned)

  1. (transitive) To violate, as anything sacred; to treat with abuse, irreverence, obloquy, or contempt; to desecrate; to pollute; as, to profane the name of God; to profane the Scriptures, or the ordinance of God.
    • 1851, Herman Melville, Moby Dick, chapter 34
      With one mind, their intent eyes all fastened upon the old man’s knife, as he carved the chief dish before him. I do not suppose that for the world they would have profaned that moment with the slightest observation, even upon so neutral a topic as the weather.
  2. (transitive) To put to a wrong or unworthy use; to make a base employment of; to debase; to abuse; to defile.

AntonymsEdit

TranslationsEdit

Related termsEdit


FrenchEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

profane (masculine and feminine, plural profanes)

  1. secular; lay
  2. profane

Related termsEdit


ItalianEdit

AdjectiveEdit

profane f pl

  1. feminine plural of profano

NounEdit

profane f

  1. plural form of profana

LatinEdit

AdjectiveEdit

profāne

  1. vocative masculine singular of profānus

SpanishEdit

VerbEdit

profane

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of profanar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of profanar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of profanar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of profanar.
Last modified on 3 April 2014, at 04:28