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EnglishEdit

 
English Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Handheld fans.
An electrical fan.
A ceiling fan.

From Middle English fan, from Old English fann (a winnowing, fan), from Latin vannus (fan for winnowing grain), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂weh₁- (to blow). Cognate with Latin ventus (wind), Dutch wan (fan), German Wanne, Swedish vanna (a fan for winnowing), Old English windwian (to fan, winnow). More at winnow.

NounEdit

fan (plural fans)

  1. A hand-held device consisting of concertinaed material, or slats of material, gathered together at one end, that may be opened out into the shape of a sector of a circle and waved back and forth in order to move air towards oneself and cool oneself.
  2. An electrical or mechanical device for moving air, used for cooling people, machinery, etc.
  3. Anything resembling a hand-held fan in shape, e.g., a peacock’s tail.
  4. An instrument for winnowing grain, by moving which the grain is tossed and agitated, and the chaff is separated and blown away.
  5. A small vane or sail, used to keep the large sails of a smock windmill always in the direction of the wind.
  6. (mathematics) A section of a tree having a finite number of branches
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

VerbEdit

fan (third-person singular simple present fans, present participle fanning, simple past and past participle fanned)

  1. (transitive) To blow air on (something) by means of a fan (hand-held, mechanical or electrical) or otherwise.
    We enjoyed standing at the edge of the cliff, being fanned by the wind.
  2. (transitive) To slap (a behind, especially).
    • 1934, Rex Stout, Fer-de-Lance, Bantam, published 1992, →ISBN, page 148:
      Part of it was that as much as I respected filial devotion and as much as I liked Sarah Barstow, it would have been a real satisfaction to put her across my knees and pull up her skirts and giver[sic] her a swell fanning, for not taking a look at that driver.
  3. (intransitive, usually to fan out) To move or spread in multiple directions from one point, in the shape of a hand-held fan.
  4. A maneuver done by flicking the top rear of an old style gun.
    • 2011, Hans-Christoan Vortisch, GURPS Tactical Shooting, page 14:
      To fan a single action revolver, hold down the trigger and strike the hammer repeatedly with a free hand.
  5. (metaphoric) To invigorate.
    • 1923, Arthur Symons, Love's Cruelty, page 43:
      She comes, to fan my ardour, She kills me with her kisses.
  6. To winnow grain.
    • 1856, Lelièvre, ‎François Réal Angers, Lower Canada reports:
      By the first article, these fanning mills were appointed to be sent to the proprietors of the mills of Sault-à-la puce, Petit-Pré, Beauport, Pointe de Lévy, St. Nicolas and Ste. Famille in the isle of Orleans " to have all the wheat in general of whatever quality sent to these mills passed and fanned, before converting them into flour."
Derived termsEdit

Related termEdit

  • (to firing a revolver by holding trigger and hitting hammer) thumbing
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Football/soccer fans in Argentina.
Star Trek fans in the United States.
Rolling Stones fans in Norway.

Clipping of fanatic. Possibly influenced by fancy (group of sport or hobby enthusiasts).

NounEdit

fan (plural fans or fen)

  1. An admirer or aficionado, especially of a sport or performer; someone who is fond of something or someone.
    I am a big fan of libraries.
Usage notesEdit

The plural fen is only used within science fiction fandom. See fen, etymology 2, for more information.

SynonymsEdit
AntonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
DescendantsEdit
ReferencesEdit
  • fan” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary, 2001–2019, retrieved 1 January 2017: “1889, American English, originally of baseball enthusiasts, probably a shortening of fanatic, but it may be influenced by the fancy, a collective term for followers of a certain hobby or sport (especially boxing)”.

AnagramsEdit


BambaraEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fan

  1. egg

ReferencesEdit


CatalanEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

fan

  1. third-person plural present indicative form of fer

ChuukeseEdit

NounEdit

fan

  1. church (building)
    Ka mochen fiti fan?Do you want to attend church?
  2. time (instance or occurrence)
    • 2010, Ewe Kapasen God (in Chuukese), United Bible Societies, →ISBN, Matthew 26:34, page 55:
      Jesus a apasa ngeni Peter, "Upwe apasa ngonuk pwe non ei chok pwinin me mwen ewe chukȯ epwe kökkö, fan unungat kopwe apasa pwe kose sinei ei."
      Jesus said to Peter, "I tell you that in this night before the chicken calls, three times you will say that you don't know me."

PrepositionEdit

fan

  1. under

DutchEdit

 
Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fan m (plural fans, diminutive fannetje n)

  1. fan (admirer)

SynonymsEdit


FinnishEdit

NounEdit

fan

  1. fan, admirer, aficionado

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of fan (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative fan fanit
genitive fanin fanien
partitive fania faneja
illative faniin faneihin
singular plural
nominative fan fanit
accusative nom. fan fanit
gen. fanin
genitive fanin fanien
partitive fania faneja
inessive fanissa faneissa
elative fanista faneista
illative faniin faneihin
adessive fanilla faneilla
ablative fanilta faneilta
allative fanille faneille
essive fanina faneina
translative faniksi faneiksi
instructive fanein
abessive fanitta faneitta
comitative faneineen

SynonymsEdit


FrenchEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from English fan, 1920s.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fan m, f (plural fans)

  1. fan (admirer, supporter)

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from English fan.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fan f (plural fans)

  1. (Canada) fan (ventilator)

Further readingEdit


FriulianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin famēs.

NounEdit

fan f

  1. hunger

Related termsEdit


GalicianEdit

VerbEdit

fan

  1. third-person plural present indicative of facer

RomanizationEdit

fan

  1. Romanization of 𐍆𐌰𐌽

HungarianEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈfɒn]
  • Hyphenation: fan

NounEdit

fan (plural fanok)

  1. (obsolete) pubis

Usage notesEdit

Today it is used only in compounds.

DeclensionEdit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • fan at A Pallas Nagy Lexikona, Pallas Irodalmi és Nyomdai Rt., Budapest, 1897
  • László Országh, Hungarian-English Dictionary, Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, 1977

IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish anaid, fanaid (stays, remains, abides).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

fan (present analytic fanann, future analytic fanfaidh, verbal noun fanacht, past participle fanta)

  1. to wait
  2. to stay

ConjugationEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
fan fhan bhfan
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

IstriotEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin fāmes.

NounEdit

fan

  1. hunger

ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English fan.

NounEdit

fan m, f (plural fans)

  1. fan (admirer or follower)

KanuriEdit

MandarinEdit

RomanizationEdit

fan

  1. Nonstandard spelling of fān.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of fán.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of fǎn.
  4. Nonstandard spelling of fàn.

Usage notesEdit

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Middle EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old English fann, from Latin vannus. Forms in v- are due to a combination of Southern Middle English voicing of initial fricatives and influence from the ultimate Latin etymon.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fan (plural fannes)

  1. A mechanism or device for removing chaff from grain (i.e. winnowing).
  2. A training or practice shield manufactured out of twigs or wickerwork.
  3. (rare) A fan; a device for blowing air as to cool.
DescendantsEdit
ReferencesEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old English fannian.

VerbEdit

fan

  1. Alternative form of fannen

OccitanEdit

Old DutchEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Germanic *fanē.

PrepositionEdit

fan

  1. off, from
DescendantsEdit
Further readingEdit
  • fan”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek, 2012

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Germanic *fanhaną.

VerbEdit

fān

  1. to catch
InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

DescendantsEdit
Further readingEdit
  • fān”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek, 2012

Old SaxonEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *afana, whence also Old High German fon.

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

fan

  1. from

PolishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English fan.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fan m pers (feminine fanka)

  1. fan (admirer)

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • fan in Polish dictionaries at PWN

RohingyaEdit

NounEdit

fan

  1. betel leaf

Scottish GaelicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish anaid, fanaid (stays, remains, abides).

VerbEdit

fan (past dh'fhan, future fanaidh, verbal noun fantail or fantainn or fanachd)

  1. stay, remain
  2. wait

SynonymsEdit


SpanishEdit

SwedishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Late Old Norse fendinn, perhaps from Old Frisian fandiand, present participle of fandia (tempt), from Proto-Germanic *fandōną (seek, search for, examine). Cognate with Danish fanden and Norwegian Bokmål faen.

Pronunciation 1Edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈfaːn/, /ˈfaːˌa(ː)n/

NounEdit

fan c

  1. the devil, Satan
    fan ta dig.
    May the devil take you.
    Du var mig en jobbig fan.
    You're one tricky little devil.

InterjectionEdit

fan

  1. damn (referring to the devil)
    Fan! Jag glömde nycklarna.
    Damn! I forgot my keys.

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from English fan, short for fanatic, related to the Swedish words fanatisk and fanatiker.

Pronunciation 2Edit

NounEdit

fan c, n

  1. fan (admirer)
    jag är ett stort fan av saffransbullar
    I'm a huge fan of saffron buns
DeclensionEdit
Declension of fan 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative fan fanet fans fansen
Genitive fans fanets fans fansens

Etymology 3Edit

Borrowed from Low German fan, used since 1772, closely related to Swedish fana (flag).

NounEdit

fan n

  1. vane, web (part of the anatomy of a bird's feather)
DeclensionEdit
Declension of fan 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative fan fanet fan fanen
Genitive fans fanets fans fanens

TboliEdit

NounEdit

fan

  1. bait

UzbekEdit

 
Uzbek Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia uz

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Arabic فَنّ(fann).

NounEdit

fan (plural fanlar)

  1. science

SynonymsEdit


WelshEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from English van.

NounEdit

fan f (plural faniau)

  1. van

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

fan

  1. Soft mutation of man.
MutationEdit
Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
man fan unchanged unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit

  • fan”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies, 2014

West FrisianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Frisian fen; compare Dutch van, German von.

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

fan

  1. from
  2. of