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See also: Reif

Contents

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English ref, reaf, reif, from Old English rēaf (plunder, spoil, booty, raiment, garment, robe, vestment, armor), from Proto-Germanic *raubą, *raubaz (rape, robbery), from Proto-Indo-European *Hrewp- (to rip, tear). Cognate with Scots reif, rief (robbery, depredation, spoliation), Saterland Frisian roowje (loot, rob), Dutch roof (spoil, booty, robbery), German Raub (robbery, spoils, plunder). See also reave, robe.

NounEdit

reif (uncountable)

  1. (Scotland, obsolete) Robbery.
    • c. 1524,, a letter, recorded in The History of Scotland (John Hill Burton, 1873), volume 3, page 109:
      The opposition, which, as we shall see, was headed by Archbishop Beaton, protested against the "daily slaughters, murders, reifs, thefts, depredations, and heavy attemptates, that are daily and hourly committed within this realm in fault of justice."
    • c. 1577–1587, Raphael Holinshed, Chronicles:
      [] meaning to live by reif of other mennes goodes, wherein they have no manner of propertie.
    • 1814, Walter Scott, Waverley:
      [] the lawless thieves, limmers, and broken men of the Highlands, had been in fellowship together by reason of their surnames for the committing of divers thefts, reifs, and herships.
    • 1898, Robert Borland, Border Raids and Reivers, page 42:
      In the year 1567, in the first Parliament of James VI., an important Act was passed, entitled "Anent Theft and Receipt of Theft, Taking of Prisoners by Thieves, or Bands for Ransoms, and Punishment of the same." It relates especially to the [] "other inhabitants of the remanent Shires of the Realm," bearing that it is not unknown of the continual theft, reif, and oppression committed within the bounds of the said Sheriffdoms, by [] thieves and "broken men" [who] commit daily "thefts, reifs, herschips, murders, and fire raisings" upon the peaceable subjects of the country.
    • For more examples of usage of this term, see Citations:reif.

ReferencesEdit

AnagramsEdit


GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old High German rīfi, akin to Old Saxon rīpi, (Modern Dutch rijp)

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ʀaɪ̯f/
  • (file)

AdjectiveEdit

reif (comparative reifer, superlative am reifsten)

  1. ripe
  2. mature

DeclensionEdit

AntonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • reif in Duden online

IcelandicEdit

VerbEdit

reif

  1. first-person singular past indicative of rífa
  2. third-person singular past indicative of rífa

LuxembourgishEdit

Middle EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old English rēaf, from Proto-Germanic *raubaz, *raubą, *raubō. Doublet of robe.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

reif (plural reves)

  1. A piece of clothing or gear, especially priestly.
  2. (rare) pillaging, looting; intense destruction.
  3. (rare) loot, spoils; the fruit of success.
  4. (rare) destructiveness; the quality of being damaging.

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit


ScotsEdit

NounEdit

reif

  1. robbery
    • 1809, The Sang of the Outlaw Murray, in Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border: Historical ballads (Walter Scott), page 18:
      The man that wons yon Foreste intill,
      He lives by reif and felonie !