EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Dutch loet, loete ("scoop, shovel, scraper"; > Modern Dutch loet), from Old Dutch *lōta, from Old Frankish *lōtija (scoop, ladle), from Proto-Germanic *hlōþþijō (ladle), from Proto-Indo-European *kleh₂- (to lay down, deposit, overlay), from Proto-Indo-European *kel- (to push, propel, drive). Cognate with Scots lute, luyt (scoop, ladle), West Frisian loete, lete, Middle Low German lōte (rake), French louche ("ladle"; < Germanic). Related to lade, ladle.

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

loot (plural loots)

  1. (UK dialectal, Northern England, Scotland) A kind of scoop or ladle, chiefly used to remove the scum from brine-pans in saltworks.

Etymology 2Edit

Attested 1788, a loan from Hindustani लूट/لوٹ (lūṭ, spoil, booty), from Sanskrit लुण्ट (luṇṭ, to rob, plunder). The verb is from 1842. Fallows (1885) records both the noun and the verb as "Recent. Anglo-Indian".

In origin only applicable to plundering in warfare. A figurative meaning developed in American English in the 1920s, resulting in a generalized meaning by the 1950s

NounEdit

loot (uncountable)

  1. The act of plundering.
    the loot of an ancient city
  2. plunder, booty, especially from a ransacked city.
  3. (colloquial, US) any prize or profit received for free, especially Christmas presents
    • 1956 "Free Loot for Children" (LIFE Magazine, 23 April 1956, p. 131)
  4. (video games) Items dropped from defeated enemies in video games and online games.
SynonymsEdit
Related termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

loot (third-person singular simple present loots, present participle looting, simple past and past participle looted)

  1. to steal, especially as part of war, riot or other group violence.
    • 1833 "Gunganarian, the leader of the Chooars, continues his system of looting and murder", The asiatic Journal and monthly register for British India and its Dependencies Black, Parbury & Allen, p. 66.
  2. (video games) to examine the corpse of a fallen enemy for loot.
TranslationsEdit

AnagramsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Samuel Fallows, The progressive dictionary of the English language: a supplementary wordbook to all leading dictionaries of the United States and Great Britain (1885).

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

loot

  1. first-, second- and third-person singular present indicative of loten
  2. imperative of loten

Middle DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Dutch *lōt, from Proto-Germanic *laudą.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

lôot n (stem lod-)

  1. lead (metal)

SynonymsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Last modified on 16 April 2014, at 19:49