- IPA(key): /ˈɹaɪ.ɪt/
- (weak vowel merger) IPA(key): /ˈɹaɪ.ət/
- Rhymes: -aɪət
- Homophone: ryot
Audio (UK) (file)
- Wanton or unrestrained behavior; uproar; tumult.
- c. 1596–1599, William Shakespeare, “The Second Part of Henry the Fourth, […]”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act IV, scene iii], page 93:
- For when his head-ſtrong Riot hath no Curbe,
- The tumultuous disturbance of the public peace by an unlawful assembly of three or more persons in the execution of some private object.
- (figuratively) A wide and unconstrained variety.
- In summer this flower garden is a riot of colour.
- 1921, Edward Sapir, chapter VII, in Language: An Introduction to the Study of Speech:
- The human world is contracting not only prospectively but to the backward-probing eye of culture-history. Nevertheless we are as yet far from able to reduce the riot of spoken languages to a small number of “stocks.”
- (colloquial, uncountable) A humorous or entertaining event or person.
- (obsolete) Excessive and expensive feasting; wild and loose festivity; revelry.
- 1387–1400, Geoffrey Chaucer, “The Wyfe of Bathes Tale”, in The Canterbury Tales, [Westminster: William Caxton, published 1478], OCLC 230972125; republished in [William Thynne], editor, The Workes of Geffray Chaucer Newlye Printed, […], [London]: […] [Richard Grafton for] Iohn Reynes […], 1542, OCLC 932884868:
- Venus loveth riot and dispense.
- (please add an English translation of this quote)
wanton or unrestrained behavior
tumultuous disturbance of public peace
excessive and expensive feasting
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
Translations to be checked
- (intransitive) To create or take part in a riot; to raise an uproar or sedition.
- The nuclear protesters rioted outside the military base.
- (intransitive, obsolete) To act in an unrestrained or wanton manner; to indulge in excess of feasting, luxury, etc.
- 1717, Alexander Pope, Eloisa to Abelard:
- No pulse that riots, and no blood that glows.
- 1794, Robert Southey, Wat Tyler. A Dramatic Poem. In Three Acts, London: […] [J. M‘Creery] for Sherwood, Neely, and Jones, […], published 1817, OCLC 362102, Act I, page 21:
- Think of the insults, wrongs, and contumelies, / Ye bear from your proud lords—that your hard toil / Manures their fertile fields—you plow the earth, / You sow the corn, you reap the ripen'd harvest,— / They riot on the produce!— […]
- (transitive) To cause to riot; to throw into a tumult.
- (transitive) To annoy.
to create or take part in a riot
- Oxford English Dictionary, 1884–1928, and First Supplement, 1933.