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GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German ruofen, from Old High German ruofan, from Proto-Germanic *hrōpaną. Cognate with Dutch roepen, English roop. More at roop.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ʀuːfən/
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VerbEdit

rufen (class 7 strong, third-person singular simple present ruft, past tense rief, past participle gerufen, past subjunctive riefe, auxiliary haben)

  1. (intransitive) to call out; to shout; to cry; to shriek
    um Hilfe rufen — “to cry for help”
  2. (intransitive, with “nach ...”) to call (for someone); to request the presence (of someone)
  3. (transitive) to call (something) out
  4. (with dative object) to ask (someone) to do something; to call for (someone) to do something
    jemandem zu antworten rufen — “to ask someone to answer”
  5. (transitive) to call (someone), e.g. by telephone

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