U+87BA, 螺
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-87BA

[U+87B9]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+87BB]
U+F911, 螺
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F911

[U+F910]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F912]

Translingual

edit

Han character

edit

(Kangxi radical 142, +11, 17 strokes, cangjie input 中戈田女火 (LIWVF), four-corner 56193, composition )

References

edit
  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 1095, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 33512
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2885, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+87BA

Chinese

edit
simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Glyph origin

edit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *roːl) : semantic + phonetic (OC *ruːls, *rolʔ, *rols).

Etymology

edit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *kroj (shellfish, shell). From the same root derives (OC *kroːl, *kʷroːl, “terrestrial snail”).

Pronunciation

edit

Note:
  • lê/lêr - vernacular;
  • lô/lô͘ - literary.
Note: lo1 - only in 庵螺 (am1 lo1).

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (95)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Baxter lwa
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/luɑ/
Pan
Wuyun
/luɑ/
Shao
Rongfen
/luɑ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lwa/
Li
Rong
/luɑ/
Wang
Li
/luɑ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/luɑ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
luó
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
lo4
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
luó
Middle
Chinese
‹ lwa ›
Old
Chinese
/*k.rˁoj/
English spiral, snail

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7701
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
𩼊
Old
Chinese
/*roːl/
Notes

Definitions

edit

  1. aquatic snail (as opposed to a terrestrial snail, ())
  2. whorl; swirl; spiral
  3. fingerprint whorls
  4. (organic chemistry) spiro-
    內酯内酯  ―  luónèizhǐ  ―  spironolactone
  5. (transgender slang) Short for 螺內酯螺内酯 (luónèizhǐ, “spironolactone”); spiro
  6. (historical) wine cup made from a snail shell
  7. (historical) ink; pigment (green-black in color, produced from the snail, and used by women for drawing eyebrows)
  8. Short for 螺髻 (“hair done up in a coil shape”).

See also

edit
  • (spiro): (, “E”), (, “cypro”)

Compounds

edit

References

edit

Japanese

edit

Kanji

edit

(Jinmeiyō kanji)

  1. spiral-shaped shellfish

Readings

edit

Etymology 1

edit
Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (lwa, conch; spiral).

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

() (ra

  1. any shellfish with a spiral shell
Usage notes
edit

In compounds, may lend meanings of either shell or spiral.

Derived terms
edit

Etymology 2

edit
Kanji in this term
つび
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Cognate with (tsubu, grain; granule, little roundish bit of something).[2] May have originally been the standalone form; compare (kamu, bound form, only used in compounds) and (kami, standalone form).

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

(つび) (tsubi

  1. (obsolete) spiral shellfish, especially smaller ones
  2. (obsolete) alternate name for (hamaguri, clam)

Etymology 3

edit
 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
 
(tsubu, tsubi, tsumi): a variety of whelks for sale.
Kanji in this term
つぶ
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Cognate with (tsubu, grain; granule, little roundish bit of something).[2] May have originally been the combining form; compare (kamu, bound form, only used in compounds) and (kami, standalone form).

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

(つぶ) (tsubu

  1. spiral shellfish, especially smaller ones
  2. edible marine whelks of family Buccinidae
  3. alternate name for 田螺 (tanishi): river snails of family Viviparidae
Derived terms
edit

Etymology 4

edit
Kanji in this term
つみ
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

/t͡subi//t͡sumi/

Shift in pronunciation from tsubi above.

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

(つみ) (tsumi

  1. (obsolete) spiral shellfish, especially smaller ones

Etymology 5

edit
Kanji in this term
にし
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Previously referred to any shellfish with a spiral shell (see ra above). Now refers more specifically to certain spiral shellfish. More common in compounds.

Alternative forms

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

(にし) (nishi

  1. (rare) certain shellfish with a spiral shell
Synonyms
edit
Derived terms
edit

Etymology 6

edit
Kanji in this term
にな
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese.

Less common spelling in modern Japanese. When written in kanji, more commonly spelled .

Alternative forms

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

(にな) (nina

  1. shellfish with a spiral shell
  2. Short for 川蜷. (kawanina): Semisulcospira libertina, a kind of freshwater snail
Derived terms
edit

References

edit
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 Shōgaku Tosho (1988) 国語大辞典(新装版) [Unabridged Dictionary of Japanese (Revised Edition)] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN

Korean

edit

Etymology

edit

From Middle Chinese (MC lwa). Recorded as Middle Korean (la) (Yale: la) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Hanja

edit
Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 소라 (sora ra), word-initial (South Korea) 소라 (sora na))

  1. Hanja form? of / (aquatic snail).

Compounds

edit

References

edit
  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

Vietnamese

edit

Han character

edit

: Hán Nôm readings: loa, loe

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.