Open main menu

Wiktionary β

U+87BA, 螺
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-87BA

[U+87B9]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+87BB]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 142, +11, 17 strokes, cangjie input 中戈田女火 (LIWVF), four-corner 56193, composition)

ReferencesEdit


ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*roːl, *roːls
*roːl
*roːl
*roːl, *rul
*roːl, *rul
*roːlʔ
*ruːl, *ruːls
*ruːl
*ruːl, *ruːls
*ruːl, *ruːls
*ruːll, *ruːlʔ, *ruːls
*ruːl, *ruːlʔ, *ruːls
*ruːl, *rul, *ruls
*ruːl, *ruːlʔ
*ruːl, *ruːlʔ
*ruːl
*ruːl
*ruːl, *rulʔ
*ruːl
*ruːlʔ
*ruːlʔ
*ruːlʔ
*ruːls, *rolʔ, *rols
*ruːls, *rul
*rolʔ, *rul
*rul, *rulʔ
*rul
*rul, *ruls
*rul
*rul
*rulʔ
*rulʔ
*rulʔ
*rulʔ
*rulʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *roːl): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *ruːls, *rolʔ, *rols).

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *kroj (shellfish, shell). From the same root derives (OC *kroːl, *kʷroːl, “terrestrial snail”).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • lê/lêr - vernacular;
  • lô/lô͘ - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (95)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /luɑ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /luɑ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /luɑ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /lwa/
    Li
    Rong
    /luɑ/
    Wang
    Li
    /luɑ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /luɑ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    luó
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    luó
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ lwa ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*k.rˤoj/
    English spiral, snail

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 7701
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    𩼊
    Old
    Chinese
    /*roːl/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. aquatic snail (as opposed to a terrestrial snail, )
    2. whorl; swirl; spiral

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    1. spiral-shaped shellfish

    ReadingsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term

    Jinmeiyō
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (lwa, conch; spiral).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana , rōmaji ra)

    1. any shellfish with a spiral shell
    Usage notesEdit

    In compounds, may lend meanings of either shell or spiral.

    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    つび
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese. Cognate with (tsubu, grain; granule, little roundish bit of something).[2] May have originally been the standalone form; compare (kamu, bound form, only used in compounds) and (kami, standalone form).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana つび, rōmaji tsubi)

    1. (obsolete) spiral shellfish, especially smaller ones
    2. (obsolete) alternate name for (hamaguri, clam)

    Etymology 3Edit

     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
     
    English Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia
     
    (tsubu, tsubi, tsumi): a variety of whelks for sale.
    Kanji in this term
    つぶ
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese. Cognate with (tsubu, grain; granule, little roundish bit of something).[2] May have originally been the combining form; compare (kamu, bound form, only used in compounds) and (kami, standalone form).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana つぶ, rōmaji tsubu)

    1. spiral shellfish, especially smaller ones
    2. edible marine whelks of family Buccinidae
    3. alternate name for 田螺 (tanishi): river snails of family Viviparidae
    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 4Edit

    Kanji in this term
    つみ
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi

    /t͡subi//t͡sumi/

    Shift in pronunciation from tsubi above.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana つみ, rōmaji tsumi)

    1. (obsolete) spiral shellfish, especially smaller ones

    Etymology 5Edit

    Kanji in this term
    にし
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese. Previously referred to any shellfish with a spiral shell (see ra above). Now refers more specifically to certain spiral shellfish. More common in compounds.

    PronunciationEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana にし, rōmaji nishi)

    1. (rare) certain shellfish with a spiral shell
    Derived termsEdit
    SynonymsEdit

    Etymology 6Edit

    Kanji in this term
    にな
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese.

    Less common spelling in modern Japanese. When written in kanji, more commonly spelled .

    PronunciationEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana にな, rōmaji nina)

    1. shellfish with a spiral shell
    2. Short for 川蜷. (kawanina): Semisulcospira libertina, a kind of freshwater snail
    Derived termsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (ra>na, re>ne) (hangeul >, >)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (loa, loe)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.