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U+87BA, 螺
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-87BA

[U+87B9]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+87BB]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 142 +11, 17 strokes, cangjie input 中戈田女火 (LIWVF), four-corner 56193, composition)

ReferencesEdit


ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*roːl, *roːls
*roːl
*roːl
*roːl, *rul
*roːl, *rul
*roːlʔ
*ruːl, *ruːls
*ruːl
*ruːl, *ruːls
*ruːl, *ruːls
*ruːll, *ruːlʔ, *ruːls
*ruːl, *ruːlʔ, *ruːls
*ruːl, *rul, *ruls
*ruːl, *ruːlʔ
*ruːl, *ruːlʔ
*ruːl
*ruːl
*ruːl, *rulʔ
*ruːl
*ruːlʔ
*ruːlʔ
*ruːlʔ
*ruːls, *rolʔ, *rols
*ruːls, *rul
*rolʔ, *rul
*rul, *rulʔ
*rul
*rul, *ruls
*rul
*rul
*rulʔ
*rulʔ
*rulʔ
*rulʔ
*rulʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *roːl): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *ruːls, *rolʔ, *rols).

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *kroj (shellfish, shell). From the same root derives (OC *kroːl, *kʷroːl, “terrestrial snail”).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • lê/lêr - vernacular;
  • lô/lô͘ - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (95)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/luɑ/
Pan
Wuyun
/luɑ/
Shao
Rongfen
/luɑ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lwa/
Li
Rong
/luɑ/
Wang
Li
/luɑ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/luɑ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
luó
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
luó
Middle
Chinese
‹ lwa ›
Old
Chinese
/*k.rˤoj/
English spiral, snail

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7701
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
𩼊
Old
Chinese
/*roːl/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. aquatic snail (as opposed to a terrestrial snail, )
  2. whorl; swirl; spiral

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. spiral-shaped shellfish

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (lwa, conch; spiral).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , rōmaji ra)

  1. any shellfish with a spiral shell
Usage notesEdit

In compounds, may lend meanings of either shell or spiral.

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
つび
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese. Cognate with (tsubu, grain; granule, little roundish bit of something).[2] May have originally been the standalone form; compare (kamu, bound form, only used in compounds) and (kami, standalone form).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana つび, rōmaji tsubi)

  1. (obsolete) spiral shellfish, especially smaller ones
  2. (obsolete) alternate name for (hamaguri, clam)

Etymology 3Edit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
 
(tsubu, tsubi, tsumi): a variety of whelks for sale.
Kanji in this term
つぶ
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese. Cognate with (tsubu, grain; granule, little roundish bit of something).[2] May have originally been the combining form; compare (kamu, bound form, only used in compounds) and (kami, standalone form).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana つぶ, rōmaji tsubu)

  1. spiral shellfish, especially smaller ones
  2. edible marine whelks of family Buccinidae
  3. alternate name for 田螺 (tanishi): river snails of family Viviparidae
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term
つみ
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

/t͡subi//t͡sumi/

Shift in pronunciation from tsubi above.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana つみ, rōmaji tsumi)

  1. (obsolete) spiral shellfish, especially smaller ones

Etymology 5Edit

Kanji in this term
にし
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese. Previously referred to any shellfish with a spiral shell (see ra above). Now refers more specifically to certain spiral shellfish. More common in compounds.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana にし, rōmaji nishi)

  1. (rare) certain shellfish with a spiral shell
Derived termsEdit
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 6Edit

Kanji in this term
にな
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese.

Less common spelling in modern Japanese. When written in kanji, more commonly spelled .

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana にな, rōmaji nina)

  1. shellfish with a spiral shell
  2. Short for 川蜷. (kawanina): Semisulcospira libertina, a kind of freshwater snail
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ra>na, re>ne) (hangeul >, >)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(loa, loe)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.