sprechen

See also: Sprechen

GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German sprëchen, from Old High German sprehhan, from Proto-West Germanic *sprekan. Compare Dutch spreken, English speak.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈʃprɛçən/, [ˈʃpʁɛ-], [ʃprɛ-], [-çn̩], [-çən]
  • (file)
  • (file)

VerbEdit

sprechen (class 4 strong, third-person singular present spricht, past tense sprach, past participle gesprochen, past subjunctive spräche, auxiliary haben)

  1. (transitive) to speak (some language, the truth, etc.)
    Ich spreche Deutsch.
    I speak German.
    Sprich die Wahrheit oder bleib still.
    Speak the truth or remain silent.
    Klartext sprechento speak plainly
  2. (intransitive, [über (about) + accusative], [aus (from)]) to speak, to talk, to give a speech
    Sprechen Sie bitte langsam.
    Speak slowly please.
  3. (transitive) to say, to speak (a word, phrase, sentence, prayer, etc.)
    Was? Du hast kein Wort darüber gesprochen.
    What? You haven't spoken a word about it.
  4. (reflexive, of a word) to have a pronunciation; to be pronounced (some way)
    Wie spricht sich das?
    How do you pronounce this?
  5. (transitive) to pronounce (a judgment, a verdict, etc.)
    Die Geschichte wird das endgültige Urteil über sein Werk sprechen.
    History will pronounce the final judgement on his work.
  6. (transitive, literary, poetic) to say (something)
  7. (Switzerland, transitive, officialese) to grant, approve (a loan, funding, etc.)

ConjugationEdit

SynonymsEdit

  • (speak): reden (preferred in the vernacular)

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • sprechen” in Duden online
  • sprechen” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache