See also: Stigma

English edit

 
A stigma of a flower
 
Giovanni Battista Tiepolo, St. Catherine of Siena, c. 1746

Alternative forms edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Latin stigma, from Ancient Greek στίγμα (stígma, brand), from στίζω (stízō, I mark). Distantly related to stick.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈstɪɡmə/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɪɡmə

Noun edit

stigma (plural stigmata or stigmas)

  1. A mark of infamy or disgrace.
    stigma of mental health disorders
    1. Discriminatory attitudes. [2000?–]
      stigma towards mental health
  2. A scar or birthmark.
  3. (Christianity, chiefly in the plural stigmata) A mark on the body corresponding to one of the wounds of the Crucifixion on Jesus' body, and sometimes reported to bleed periodically.
  4. (literary, figurative) An outward sign; an indication.
    • 1938, Norman Lindsay, Age of Consent, 1st Australian edition, Sydney, N.S.W.: Ure Smith, published 1962, →OCLC, page 65:
      Bradly scowled - the stigmata of alarm. What ultimate threat to his peace and privacy did this dropping in by young Podson imply?
  5. (botany) The sticky part of a flower that receives pollen during pollination.
    Synonym: (obsolete) summit
    • 1982, Dennis Linde (lyrics and music), “Reproduction”, in Grease 2:
      Now you see just how the stamen gets its lusty dust onto the stigma / And why this frenzied chlorophyllous orgy starts in spring is no enigma!
  6. (medicine) A visible sign or characteristic of a disease.
Derived terms edit
Translations edit

Etymology 2 edit

 

Partly from Ancient Greek στίγμα (stígma, mark, sign), and partly from the acrophonic value of its initial st- as well as the analogy with the name of sigma.

Noun edit

stigma (plural stigmas)

  1. (typography) A ligature of the Greek letters sigma and tau, (Ϛ/ϛ).
Translations edit

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Czech edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin stigma.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈstɪɡma]
  • Hyphenation: stig‧ma

Noun edit

stigma n

  1. stigma, stain

Declension edit

Danish edit

Etymology edit

From Ancient Greek στίγμα (stígma, brand).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /stiːma/, [ˈsd̥iːma] or IPA(key): /stikma/, [ˈsd̥iɡ̊ma]

Noun edit

stigma n (singular definite stigmaet, plural indefinite stigmata)

  1. stigma

Inflection edit

Related terms edit

Further reading edit

Dutch edit

Etymology edit

From Latin stigma, from Ancient Greek στίγμα (stígma).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

stigma n (plural stigma's or stigmata, diminutive stigmaatje n)

  1. stigma (mark of infamy or disgrace)
  2. (Christianity) stigma (wound on Christ's body)
  3. stigma (Greek ligature)

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

Finnish edit

Etymology edit

Internationalism (see English stigma), ultimately from Latin stigma.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈstiɡmɑ/, [ˈs̠tiɡmɑ̝]
  • Rhymes: -iɡmɑ
  • Syllabification(key): stig‧ma

Noun edit

stigma

  1. stigma

Declension edit

Inflection of stigma (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative stigma stigmat
genitive stigman stigmojen
partitive stigmaa stigmoja
illative stigmaan stigmoihin
singular plural
nominative stigma stigmat
accusative nom. stigma stigmat
gen. stigman
genitive stigman stigmojen
stigmainrare
partitive stigmaa stigmoja
inessive stigmassa stigmoissa
elative stigmasta stigmoista
illative stigmaan stigmoihin
adessive stigmalla stigmoilla
ablative stigmalta stigmoilta
allative stigmalle stigmoille
essive stigmana stigmoina
translative stigmaksi stigmoiksi
abessive stigmatta stigmoitta
instructive stigmoin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of stigma (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative stigmani stigmani
accusative nom. stigmani stigmani
gen. stigmani
genitive stigmani stigmojeni
stigmainirare
partitive stigmaani stigmojani
inessive stigmassani stigmoissani
elative stigmastani stigmoistani
illative stigmaani stigmoihini
adessive stigmallani stigmoillani
ablative stigmaltani stigmoiltani
allative stigmalleni stigmoilleni
essive stigmanani stigmoinani
translative stigmakseni stigmoikseni
abessive stigmattani stigmoittani
instructive
comitative stigmoineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative stigmasi stigmasi
accusative nom. stigmasi stigmasi
gen. stigmasi
genitive stigmasi stigmojesi
stigmaisirare
partitive stigmaasi stigmojasi
inessive stigmassasi stigmoissasi
elative stigmastasi stigmoistasi
illative stigmaasi stigmoihisi
adessive stigmallasi stigmoillasi
ablative stigmaltasi stigmoiltasi
allative stigmallesi stigmoillesi
essive stigmanasi stigmoinasi
translative stigmaksesi stigmoiksesi
abessive stigmattasi stigmoittasi
instructive
comitative stigmoinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative stigmamme stigmamme
accusative nom. stigmamme stigmamme
gen. stigmamme
genitive stigmamme stigmojemme
stigmaimmerare
partitive stigmaamme stigmojamme
inessive stigmassamme stigmoissamme
elative stigmastamme stigmoistamme
illative stigmaamme stigmoihimme
adessive stigmallamme stigmoillamme
ablative stigmaltamme stigmoiltamme
allative stigmallemme stigmoillemme
essive stigmanamme stigmoinamme
translative stigmaksemme stigmoiksemme
abessive stigmattamme stigmoittamme
instructive
comitative stigmoinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative stigmanne stigmanne
accusative nom. stigmanne stigmanne
gen. stigmanne
genitive stigmanne stigmojenne
stigmainnerare
partitive stigmaanne stigmojanne
inessive stigmassanne stigmoissanne
elative stigmastanne stigmoistanne
illative stigmaanne stigmoihinne
adessive stigmallanne stigmoillanne
ablative stigmaltanne stigmoiltanne
allative stigmallenne stigmoillenne
essive stigmananne stigmoinanne
translative stigmaksenne stigmoiksenne
abessive stigmattanne stigmoittanne
instructive
comitative stigmoinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative stigmansa stigmansa
accusative nom. stigmansa stigmansa
gen. stigmansa
genitive stigmansa stigmojensa
stigmainsarare
partitive stigmaansa stigmojaan
stigmojansa
inessive stigmassaan
stigmassansa
stigmoissaan
stigmoissansa
elative stigmastaan
stigmastansa
stigmoistaan
stigmoistansa
illative stigmaansa stigmoihinsa
adessive stigmallaan
stigmallansa
stigmoillaan
stigmoillansa
ablative stigmaltaan
stigmaltansa
stigmoiltaan
stigmoiltansa
allative stigmalleen
stigmallensa
stigmoilleen
stigmoillensa
essive stigmanaan
stigmanansa
stigmoinaan
stigmoinansa
translative stigmakseen
stigmaksensa
stigmoikseen
stigmoiksensa
abessive stigmattaan
stigmattansa
stigmoittaan
stigmoittansa
instructive
comitative stigmoineen
stigmoinensa

Further reading edit

French edit

 
French Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fr

Etymology edit

From Ancient Greek στίγμα (stígma, brand).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

stigma m (plural stigmas)

  1. stigma (Greek letter)
    Contrairement à ce que l’œil pourrait laisser croire, stigma n’est pas un sigma final grec : en effet, c’est l’évolution de la ligature d’un sigma lunaire avec un tau.
    Contrary to how the eye might lead you to believe, stigma isn't a Greek terminal sigma: in effect, it's the evolution of the ligature of a lunate sigma with a tau.

Italian edit

Etymology edit

From Latin stigma, from Ancient Greek στίγμα (stígma).

Noun edit

stigma m (plural stigmi)

  1. stigma (all senses)

Noun edit

stigma m or f (invariable)

  1. stigma (Greek ligature)

Related terms edit

Further reading edit

  • stigma1 in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana
  • stigma2 in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Latin edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From the Ancient Greek στίγμα (stígma).

Noun edit

stigma n (genitive stigmatis); third declension

  1. brand (burned mark, especially on a slave)
Declension edit

Third-declension noun (neuter, imparisyllabic non-i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative stigma stigmata
Genitive stigmatis stigmatum
Dative stigmatī stigmatibus
Accusative stigma stigmata
Ablative stigmate stigmatibus
Vocative stigma stigmata
Descendants edit

Etymology 2 edit

Collateral form of stemma.

Noun edit

stigma n (genitive stigmatis); third declension

  1. medieval spelling of stemma
Declension edit

Third-declension noun (neuter, imparisyllabic non-i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative stigma stigmata
Genitive stigmatis stigmatum
Dative stigmatī stigmatibus
Accusative stigma stigmata
Ablative stigmate stigmatibus
Vocative stigma stigmata

References edit

  • stigma”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • stigma”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • stigma in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • stigma in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • stigma”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • Niermeyer, Jan Frederik (1976), “2. stigma”, in Mediae Latinitatis Lexicon Minus, Leiden, Boston: E. J. Brill, page 991/2

Swedish edit

Noun edit

stigma n

  1. a stigma (something strongly looked down upon)
    att ha många barn har gått från stigma till status
    to have many children has gone from stigma to status
  2. (Christianity, chiefly in the plural stigmata) a stigma

Usage notes edit

The Latin plural stigmata is usually only used in the Christian sense.

Declension edit

Declension of stigma 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative stigma stigmat stigman stigmana
Genitive stigmas stigmats stigmans stigmanas

Related terms edit

References edit

Welsh edit

 
Rhannau'r blodeuyn: A. wyfa/ofari; B. papws; C. anther; D. llabed; E. colofnig gyda stigmâu.

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English stigma.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

stigma m (plural stigmâu, not mutable)[1]

  1. stigma, sign of disgrace
    Synonyms: gwarthnod, haearnod
  2. stigma, mark on the body corresponding to one of the wounds of the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ
  3. (botany) stigma[2]
    Synonyms: nodyn, blaenig

Mutations edit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
stigma unchanged unchanged unchanged

References edit

  1. ^ R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “stigma”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies
  2. ^ “Cylchred bywyd planhigyn”, in Gwyddoniaeth — Pethau byw — Planhigion[1] (in Welsh), BBC Bitesize, 2024, archived from the original on 2024-02-07, retrieved 2024-02-07